Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: HEALTH-2007-4.2-3 | Award Amount: 1.22M | Year: 2008
This proposal aims to review current knowledge and issues related to the economic impact of health at work, to assemble, organise, analyse and synthesise data from national projects and surveys, and to recommend future actions for research and policy development aiming at improving health and safety at work in a changing labour market environment in the European Union in an era of ageing populations, feminised labour markets and increased incidence of Small and Medium Enterprices (SMEs). This is achieved through co-ordinated reviews, the development of common databases regarding indicators of health and safety at work in the participant countries (including the incidence of accidents and illnesses of work, the incidence of absenteeism, and early retirement due to accidents/illnesses at work,) and the associated GIS analysis capability. In addition, a pilot study aiming at designing appropriate data collection protocols is designed to explore the appropriateness of small scale surveys, using purpose-build questionnaire, to determine the preference setting of both employers and employees with regard to health and safety at work and to highlight the cost and benefits of investing in improving the health and safety at work. The above lead to a series of co-ordination meetings and workshops at which the status of health and safety at work, its repercussions for the quality of work and its effects on Europes competitiveness are reviewed and studied. A comparative EU-wide assessment of the structure and dynamics of the health and safety at work is carried out. Policy recommendations aiming at improving the health and safety at work in the context of changing labour market environment are detailed with particular reference to the ageing population, the feminisation of the labour markets and the increased incidence of SMEs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2011.4.0-7 | Award Amount: 2.16M | Year: 2012
Industrial safety is an enabling and important success-factor in the pursuit of beneficial business activities. For this reason, industrial safety is a vital and important prerequisite for sustainable growth and competitiveness of the EU. Therefore, there is an urgent need to refocus the resources of national research programmes in EU Member States on industrial safety since the problems related to industrial safety are common to all and cannot be tackled adequately at the national level. SAFRA will bring dynamism into European research on industrial safety by fostering collaboration of national research programmes, by encouraging lateral thinking and by promoting innovations related to implementation of industrial safety. The Consortium consists of 19 leading public agencies, ministries and research organizations funding or managing safety research working in close collaboration with stakeholders from industry, enterprises, authorities, science, social partners and society at large. The strategic objective of the SAFRA project is to create a research and innovation market through systematic exchange of information and a stepwise integration of national research programmes in the EU by creating effective instruments which will emphasize collaboration between national research programmes on industrial safety. The goal is thus to promote the incorporation of a more effective safety culture into EU industrial activities to improve the competitive edge of European industries on a global scale. The scope of the SAFRA will be to support traditional industries to solve existing safety challenges and to promote innovative novel industries, such as bio- and nanotechnology-based industries, to consider safety issues in all their activities from the outset. The SAFRA therefore aims at improving the safety of European industries to promote sustainable growth as well as sharpening their competitive edge.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2009-1.2-3 | Award Amount: 2.01M | Year: 2009
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and VOCs like benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) are compounds of great social and environmental significance, are widely used in industry, in many different applications. However, they and can present serious medical, environmental, and explosion dangers. Because they are toxic even at parts per- billion concentrations, it is essential to know their concentration in the air, especially in industrial and populated areas. Measurement of these toxic compounds at trace levels in multi analyte mixtures is still a challenging task however, and involves the use of expensive laboratory bound equipment. This severely limits risk analysis and timely initiation of preventive measures in a working environment. The main objective of the INGENIOUS project is the development, evaluation and validation of novel ultra-sensitive and selective nanostructured optochemical sensors for the detection of PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and BTX (benzene, toluene, xylene) from complex mixtures. Within the sensor concept, nanoparticle-based materials with high selectivity and sensitivity will be created by combining principles of molecular imprinting and plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence. Silica and polymer core-shell nanoparticles with molecularly imprinted shells will be used as building blocks of self-assembling colloidal aggregates acting as chemosensing elements. The sensing elements and microarrays of sensing elements will be obtained using modern printing technologies such as ink-jet and microcontact printing. The combined sensor elements will be implemented on a polymer foil format and validated as sensor transducers. The technology will be incorporated into an in-plane optical read-out platform and demonstrated for specific end user applications. The suggested approach will be used to create sensor devices capable of detecting relevant analytes in industrial processes, occupational health and plants safety like PAH
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP-2008-4.0-9 | Award Amount: 3.60M | Year: 2009
The main objective of the 4-year project is to develop intelligent personal protective equipment (PPE) system that will ensure active protection and information support for personnel in high risk and complex environments, in particular chemical rescue teams, firefighters and mine rescuers, who are exposed to fire, explosions, high temperature, dangerous substances, limited visibility, high humidity and limitation of breathable air. These high-level risks are reflected in a significant number of injuries and fatalities reported in the target sectors. The S&T objectives of the project are: - to integrate, within the new PPE system, state-of-the-art materials, active textiles, optical fibre sensors, gas and temperature detectors, ICT - to develop new materials (based on nanotechnology) and integrate them into PPE elements in order to enhance multi-functionality and adaptability; - to assure ergonomic design of new PPE and validate its functionality, safety, comfort and performance level by usability tests in real working conditions. The project is divided into 4 phases: 1) Conceptualization; 2) Technical development and integration, 3) Verification and validation; and 4) Dissemination and exploitation. The consortium consists of 16 partners from 6 countries: 5 RTDs, 8 SMEs, 2 industrial companies and 1 non-profit organisation. Three partners representing target groups participate in the whole project to guarantee full adaptation of the PPE system to users needs. The project will have an impact on: the reduction of occupational injuries and disease in the EU (the population of end-users estimated at 3-5 mln.); European regulations (PPE Directive) and harmonised EN standards; European leadership in PPE-related research and innovation; the growth of European PPE market and the development of ERA in the area of industrial safety.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2011.1.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.71M | Year: 2012
Manufacturated nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being considered for various uses in the construction industry and related infrastructure industries, not only for enhancing material properties and functions but also in the context of energy conservation. Despite the current relatively high cost of nano-enabled products, their use in construction materials is likely to increase because of highly valuable properties imparted at relatively low additive ratios, rapid development of new applications and decreasing cost of base MNMs as they are produced in larger quantities. Thus the use of nano-products in the construction industry is a reality and can be expected to grow in the near future. Consequently, there is a general uncertainty with respect to health and safety risks and how to properly manage them to protect workers and be in compliance with OHS legislation. SCAFFOLD is an industrial oriented idea specifically addressed to provide practical, robust, easy-to-use and cost effective solutions for the European construction industry, regarding current uncertainties about occupational exposure to MNMs. This will be achieved by introducing a new paradigm to improve workers protection against NMs in construction, based on a novel holistic Risk Management approach (RMM). The aim of the SCAFFOLD project is to develop, test, validate and disseminate a new holistic, consistent and cost effective Risk Management Model (RMM) to manage occupational exposure to MNMs in the construction sector. This will be done by integration of a set of innovative strategies, methods and tools developed by the project into consistent state-of-the-art safety management systems (OHSAS 18001 \ ISO31000).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.5.7 | Award Amount: 1.88M | Year: 2012
J-AGE, the Coordination Action for the early implementation of the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) More Years Better Lives the Challenges and Opportunities of Demographic Change, will support and foster the overall management of the JPI, the development of the Strategic Research Agenda and its implementation through joint activities between Member States, the mapping of relevant national programmes and a complementary foresight activity. Furthermore, the work plan will include dissemination and information exchange with scientific and societal stakeholders, policy makers and research funders as well as an evaluation and monitoring exercise. Ultimately, the project and the JPI seek to strengthen the base of multi-disciplinary and holistic ageing research in Europe and to provide scientific evidence for policy responses to demographic change.
Pawlak A.,Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2016
The purpose of the study was to determine the performance accuracy of the simulation of escape route lighting installations using the most popular programs supporting the lighting design-DIAUX and RELUX and possible errors associated with illuminance measuring of emergency escape lighting. In order to complete the projects we have selected five emergency lighting luminaires with LED sources with different light curve and the value of the luminous flux. © 2016, Wydawnictwo SIGMA - N O T Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Pawlak A.,Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2015
This article presents the requirements for the use of emergency lighting systems contained in the current legislation with regard to the provisions of the amended standard EN 1838 of July 2013. The paper includes the interpretation of some provisions contained in these standards. It shows the classification of emergency lighting, which includes emergency escape lighting and standby lighting. Then it discusses the purposes, requirements and example applications of each type of emergency escape lighting. A separate chapter presents the general location principles of emergency escape lighting luminaires. © 2015, Wydawnictwo SIGMA - N O T Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Grabarczyk Z.J.,Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2014
Dependence of electrostatic and quasi-electrostatic field strength inside the tissues of human exposed to such field was derived from the current continuity law taking into consideration natural air ionization and influence ion concentration by the field strength. For plane model of airtissue boundary and electric field strength up to 1 MV/m, it was shown that field strength inside tissues does not exceed the peak value 1.1 V/m which is the inner limit for health effects in human body tissues by Directive 2013/35/EU, in frequency range 1 Hz – 3 kHz. The highest strength (up to 0.3 V/m) was found in dry skin. It cannot be excluded the excitation of sensory neurons in the skin at higher field strength or air ionization caused by appearing electric discharge or elevated level of ionizing radiation. © 2014, Wydawnictwo SIGMA - N O T Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FOF-04-2016 | Award Amount: 4.32M | Year: 2016
The market demands flexible productions lead to complexification of production systems and hence to more articulated Human Machine Interface (HMI). This new features tend to exclude from working environment elderly people who, even if they have a great experience, feel uncomfortable in the interaction with a complex computerized system. Moreover, complex HMI creates a barrier to young inexperienced or disabled people for an effective management of the production lines. To tackle this problems, INCLUSIVE aims to develop a new concept of interaction between the user and the machines in which the behavior of the automation system adapts to human operator capabilities. Hence, INCLUSIVE develops an ecosystem of technological innovations driven by human factors analysis applied to three concrete industrial use cases, carefully chosen to represent a wide range of needs and requests from industry. INCLUSIVE is based on three pillars: Human capabilities measurement Adaptation of interfaces to human capabilities. Teaching and training the unskilled users. Once developed, the new system will be initially tested in lab and then in the use case premises where cognitive load measurement data will be analyzed. 12 months of the project are dedicated to the adoption and use in real conditions of the new tools in the three industrial use cases, in order to demonstrate its validity and improvement reached in working environment. The anonymity of workers will be completed guarantee and the data collected will not be attributable to a specific person. The consortium is formed by eleven partners (six companies and 5 research centres) located in Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland and Turkey, which represent a full product value chain that include: HMI developer (PROGEA), software developer (SOFTFACT) machine developer (KHS, SCM), system integrator (GIZELIS), final user (SILVERLINE) and research centres (UNIMORE, TUM, RWTHA and CIOP), and a technology transfer specialist (ASTER).