Gulbarga, India

The Central University of Karnataka was established by an Act of the Parliament at Gulbarga, Karnataka. It is one of the 16 new Central Universities established by the Government of India during the UGC XI Plan Period to address to the concerns of ‘equity and access’ and to increase the access to quality higher education by people in less educationally developed districts which have a Graduate Enrolment Ratio of less than the national average of 11%.The CUK, with its territorial jurisdiction all over Karnataka, has been initiated its activities from the academic year beginning August 2009 in keeping with the philosophy of achieving and maintaining the highest levels of academic excellence, sensitivity to equity and access in enrolment and recruitment and emerging as a premier national educational and research institution in the country.650 acres of land at Kadaganchi Suntanur villages on the Gulbarga-Waghdhari Inter-State Highway in Aland taluka identified by the Karnataka State Government has been handed over to the university, where the work of construction of boundary wall is nearing completion and work on various buildings for the first phase of campus development will begin soon. The university is functioning from its temporary premises at the IInd floor of Karya Soudha, Gulbarga University Campus where the administrative office, classrooms, library, computer lab and other infrastructure is located. Wikipedia.

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Kolar Sridara Murthy M.,National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences | Govindappa L.,Central University of Karnataka | Sinha S.,National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences
Epilepsy and Behavior | Year: 2016

Background: A diagnosis of epilepsy has a major effect on children; especially among schoolchildren. Studies have shown that a significant proportion of teachers and students have negative attitude and misunderstanding towards epilepsy making it difficult for a child with epilepsy. At the same time, there is a dearth is dearth of literature regarding interventions to bring about a change in the attitudes of children. Methodology: The aim of the present study was to study the outcome of a school-based health education program for epilepsy awareness among schoolchildren. The objectives were to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practices about epilepsy and relationship among these variables. A total of 70 children, from 8th-10th grades were selected randomly for the study. For the study purpose, knowledge, attitude, and practices of epilepsy instrument were developed and face validated by experts. Results: Results show that the mean, median, and mode age of the respondents in the study were 14.55 (±. 1.33), 15, and 14 years, respectively. The gender distribution of the respondents was 54.9% boys and 45.1% girls. With regard to knowledge, attitude, and practices in epilepsy, knowledge strongly and positively correlated with attitude (p = 0.001, r = .423) and practice domains (p = 0.001, r = .486). Postattitude and (p = 0.001, r = .338) practice were positively correlated, which shows that positive attitude brings positive practice. Hence, it is concluded that a training program brings desirable change in the knowledge, attitude, and practice domains among children. Conclusion: Health education programs for schoolchildren are very important to bring changes in their attitude, behavior, and practices. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Manna K.,Indian Institute of Science | Joshi R.S.,Indian Institute of Science | Joshi R.S.,Central University of Karnataka | Elizabeth S.,Indian Institute of Science | Anil Kumar P.S.,Indian Institute of Science
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2014

The magneto-dielectric coupling in (l00) oriented LaMn0.5Co 0.5O3 single crystals has been investigated using temperature, frequency, and magnetic field dependent dielectric response. Electronic transport data divulges that polaronic hopping arises due to Emin-Holstein adiabatic small polarons. Spin realignment through external magnetic field favors faster polaronic hopping by lowering activation energy for dielectric relaxation. Finally, positive magneto-dielectricity and magnetoloss under increasing magnetic field at high frequency of the exciting ac field confirms intrinsic magneto-dielectric effect in disordered ferromagnetic- insulator LaMn0.5Co0.5O3. This study also emphasizes the need to use single crystals as well as the frequencies higher than the corresponding inverse relaxation time. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

Shekhar S.,Central University of Karnataka
International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives | Year: 2012

We have been witnessing a gradual and steady transformation from a pre dominantly rural society to an urban society in India and by 2030, it will have more people living in urban than rural areas. Slums formed an integral part of Indian urbanisation as most of the Indian cities lack in basic needs of an acceptable life. Many efforts are being taken to improve their conditions. To car ry out slum renewal programs and monitor its implementation, slum settlements should be recorded to obtain an adequate spatial data base. This can be only achieved through the analysis of remote sensing data with very high spatial resolution. Regarding the occurrences of settlement areas in the remote sensing data pixel-based approach on a high resolution image is unable to represent the heterogeneity of complex urban environments. Hence there is a need for sophisticated method and data for slum analysis. An attempt has been made to detect and discriminate the slums of Pune city by describing typical characteristics of these settlements, by using eCognition software from quick bird data on the basis of object oriented approach. Based on multi resolution segmentation, initial objects were created and further depend on texture, geometry and contextual characteristics of the image objects, they were classified into slums and non-slums. The developed rule base allowed the description of knowledge about phenomena clearly and easily using fuzzy membership functions and the described knowledge stored in the classification rule base led to the best classification with more than 80% accuracy.

Shekhar S.,Central University of Karnataka
International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives | Year: 2014

Today the world is dominated by three technologies such as Nano technology, Bio technology and Geospatial technology. This increases the huge demand for experts in the respective field for disseminating the knowledge as well as for an innovative research. Therefore, the prime need is to train the existing fraternity to gain progressive knowledge in these technologies and impart the same to student community. The geospatial technology faces some peculiar problem than other two technologies because of its interdisciplinary, multi-disciplinary nature. It attracts students and mid career professionals from various disciplines including Physics, Computer science, Engineering, Geography, Geology, Agriculture, Forestry, Town Planning and so on. Hence there is always competition to crab and stabilize their position. The students of Master's degree in Geospatial science are facing two types of problem. The first one is no unique identity in the academic field. Neither they are exempted for National eligibility Test for Lecturer ship nor given an opportunity to have the exam in geospatial science. The second one is differential treatment by the industrial world. The students are either given low grade jobs or poorly paid for their job. Thus, it is a serious issue about the future of this course in the Universities and its recognition in the academic and industrial world. The universities should make this course towards more job oriented in consultation with the Industries and Industries should come forward to share their demands and requirements to the Universities, so that necessary changes in the curriculum can be made to meet the industrial requirements.

Nallusamy B.,Central University of Karnataka
Marine Georesources and Geotechnology | Year: 2015

Detrital zircon crystals from beach and were subjected to morphology and Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) analysis to assess the efficacy of the zircon composition as a provenance indicator. The inclusions of rutile and sillimanite in the lattice of the zircon support metamorphic growth. Zircon grains from relatively dry alkalic and igneous rocks tend to be dominated by {100} and {101} forms, whereas those from aluminous to calc-alkaline rocks exhibit various combinations of forms, with a predominance of {211}, and those from water-rich granites and pegmatites tend to have {110} and {101} as their dominant forms. Prismatic faces develop from zircon mainly due to the temperature of the crystallisation, but the pyramidal faces were linked to chemical factors. Light group Rare Earth Element (LREE) is enriched relative to Heavy group Rare Earth Element (HREE) in zircon. It shows significant negative anomalies in Eu, Co, Rb, and Cs and positive anomalies in V, Zn, Sr, Y, Nb, and Ba. The negative anomaly of Eu is maybe due to the redox condition operative at the time of zircon crystallisation from magma, where most of the Eu could be in Eu2+ state. The ratio of the Zr/Hf in detrital zircon shows a range of values between 6.56 and 6.25%. This supports the idea of the role ascribed to mafic rocks for the parentage of southwest coastal placer deposits. © 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Ali L.,Central University of Karnataka
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2015

Image segmentation is the most important part of image processing, and has a large impact on quantitative image analysis. Among many segmentation methods, thresholding based segmentation is widely used. In thresholding method, selection of optimum thresholds has remained a challenge over decades. In order to determine thresholds, most of the methods analyze the histogram of the image. The optimal thresholds are found by optimizing an objective function built around image histogram. The classical segmentation methods often fails to give good result for images whose histograms have multiple peaks. Since Swarm algorithms have shown promising results on multimodal problems, hence the alternative methods for optimal image segmentation. This papers presents the comprehensive analysis of Swarm algorithms for determining the optimal thresholds on standard benchmark images. An exhaustive survey of various Swarm algorithms on multilevel image thresholding was carried out and finally comprehensive performance comparison is presented both in numerical and pictorial form. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Shekhar S.,Central University of Karnataka
International Journal of Geoinformatics | Year: 2013

India is undergoing a steady urbanization process and the current trend shows that the future is inescapably urban. Slums are a part of this urban reality, and this acute problem of slums occur not only in large cities but also in smaller cities and towns. Accretion of rural immigrants into the cities causes slums and the continuous changes in their aerial size. To address the problems of Slums, we should go for classy methodology. Using ontology on spatial model for detecting slums as well as using geoinformatics to model the slum growth could be one of the logical approaches in this direction. Hence here is an attempt to build ontology based slum model coupling with CA & MCE in GIS environment for Gulbarga city. The final result shows that, with ongoing urbanisation and large a rea under open space, Gulbarga is the most vulnerable city for slum growth. © Geoinformatics International.

Bhatt S.,Central University of Karnataka | Ahmed S.A.,Central University of Karnataka
Geocarto International | Year: 2014

The evaluation of basin characteristics from the morphometric parameters helps in understanding the physical behaviour of the catchments with respect to floods. The advanced technologies, such as Remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS), were used for extraction of drainage networks using Cartosat Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for the Upper Krishna basin, to evaluate the morphometric analysis. Basin morphometric parameters were applied to assess the major influencing catchments which cause flooding in the main Krishna River. The morphometric analysis for the ten major potential flood prone river catchments of the basin reveals that, the river catchments such as Krishna, Koyna, Yerla having the greater tendency to peak discharge in a short period of time to the main Krishna River because of high relief ratio (Rh), high ruggedness number and less time of concentration (Tc). The Don catchment having the highest drainage density (Dd), stream frequency, mean bifurcation ratio and infiltration number causes greater runoff influence on the main Krishna River. The Dudhganga and Panchaganga catchments having highest form factor, medium Dd, texture ratio, Rh and time of concentration causes moderate runoff influence towards main Krishna River. The study indicates that systematic analysis of morphometric parameters derived from Cartosat DEM using GIS provide useful information about catchment characteristics with respect to floods management. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Lakshmana G.,Central University of Karnataka
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions | Year: 2016

This study assessed the efficacy of a 4-month program combining motivational interviewing and cognitive behavior intervention on substance-using street adolescents in India. The study followed classical experimental design and the subjects were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups. Readiness to change questionnaire and Adolescent Relapse Coping Questionnaire tools were used for the evaluation of the intervention program. At the baseline, majority of the respondents in both the groups were at the precontemplation stage of motivation. At the end of the 3rd month of the intervention, there was a significant difference, χ2 = 31.139, df = 2, p < .001, between the 2 groups on the stages of motivation. The study’s limitations are noted. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Shekhar S.,Central University of Karnataka
International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives | Year: 2014

In India, a number of schemes and programmes have been launched from time to time in order to promote integrated city development and to enable the slum dwellers to gain access to the basic services. Despite the use of geospatial technologies in planning, the local, state and central governments have only been partially successful in dealing with these problems. The study on existing policies and programmes also proved that when the government is the sole provider or mediator, GIS can become a tool of coercion rather than participatory decision-making. It has also been observed that local level administrators who have adopted Geospatial technology for local planning continue to base decision-making on existing political processes. In this juncture, geospatial decision support system (GSDSS) can provide a framework for integrating database management systems with analytical models, graphical display, tabular reporting capabilities and the expert knowledge of decision makers. This assists decision-makers to generate and evaluate alternative solutions to spatial problems. During this process, decision-makers undertake a process of decision research - producing a large number of possible decision alternatives and provide opportunities to involve the community in decision making. The objective is to help decision makers and planners to find solutions through a quantitative spatial evaluation and verification process. The study investigates the options for slum development in a formal framework of RAY (Rajiv Awas Yojana), an ambitious program of Indian Government for slum development. The software modules for realizing the GSDSS were developed using the ArcGIS and Community - VIZ software for Gulbarga city.

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