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The Central University of Chile is the first autonomous private university in Chile, founded in 1982 in Santiago de Chile. It's accredited in the areas of institutional management and undergraduate teaching by the National Accreditation Commission of Chile for a term of four years from December 2008 to December 2012.The Central University of Chile is structured in nine faculties, in which are held 2 Ph.D. programs, 23 master's programs, 29 undergraduate programs, 6 top-level technical programs and various training programs and continuing education in the areas of Management, Architecture, Social science, Law, Education, Health and Technology.The Headquarters of Central University of Chile is located in the University District of Santiago, near the Toesca metro station, addition to four campuses, an extension center and a sports center in the heart of the capital, totaling more than 80,000 m² infraestructura. Also has two campus in the cities of Antofagasta and La Serena in the north of Chile.In 2010 the Central University of Chile established the country's first community college, with support from LaGuardia Community College of the City University of New York Wikipedia.

Whitman C.J.,Central University of Chile
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2014

According to the latest official census of 2002, earth construction represented 5.5% of the Chilean building stock. These buildings of traditional construction techniques of unfired earth and straw blocks (adobe), rammed earth (tapial) or wattle and daub (quincha) form a large proportion of Chile's National Monuments and heritage buildings. In addition to their heritage value, these buildings with their high thermal mass, respond well to the climate conditions of both the altiplano of northern Chile and the Central Valley, zones with high diurnal temperature oscillations, with typical daily temperature differences of up to 20°C. However following the 2005 earthquake in Tarapacá, northern Chile and that of the 27th February 2010 in Central Chile a serious rethink has been required as to the retention and restoration of adobe buildings. Public opinion has labelled earth construction as unsafe and most reconstruction to date has taken place with prefabricated timber solutions which lack the necessary thermal mass to respond well to the climatic conditions. At the same time research into the structural integrity, seismic resistance, maintenance and the living conditions provided by earth construction has been undertaken. In this wider context this paper presents the compilation of international and Chilean research into the hygrothermal properties of adobe construction, in addition to the authors insitu measurements of the temperature and relative humidity in two surviving adobe dwellings in the earthquake hit village of Chépica located in Chilés Central valley. These measurements are compared with those of a dwelling rebuilt with straw bales and earth render in the same location. Based on this information the paper studies the challenge of rebuilding and restoring heritage buildings whilst providing occupants with the necessary levels of environmental comfort. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

Classen-Bockhoff R.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | Bull-Herenu K.,Central University of Chile | Bull-Herenu K.,University of Santiago de Chile
Annals of Botany | Year: 2013

Backgrounds and Aims Conceptual and terminological conflicts in inflorescence morphology indicate a lack of understanding of the phenotypic diversity of inflorescences. In this study, an ontogeny-based inflorescence concept is presented considering different meristem types and developmental pathways. By going back to the ontogenetic origin, diversity is reduced to a limited number of types and terms. Methods Species from 105 genera in 52 angiosperm families are investigated to identify their specific reproductive meristems and developmental pathways. Based on these studies, long-term experience with inflorescences and literature research, a conceptual framework for the understanding of inflorescences is presented. Key Results Ontogeny reveals that reproductive systems traditionally called inflorescences fall into three groups, i.e. 'flowering shoot systems' (FSS), 'inflorescences' sensu stricto and 'floral units' (FUs). Our concept is, first, based on the identification of reproductive meristem position and developmental potential. The FSS, defined as a seasonal growth unit, is used as a reference framework. As the FSS is a leafy shoot system bearing reproductive units, foliage and flowering sequence play an important role. Second, the identification of two different flowerproducing meristems is essential. While 'inflorescence meristems' (IMs) share acropetal primordia production with vegetative meristems, 'floral unit meristems' (FUMs) resemble flower meristems in being indeterminate. IMs produce the basic inflorescence types, i.e. compound and simple racemes, panicles and botryoids. FUMs give rise to dense, often flower-like units (e.g. heads). They occur solitarily at the FSS or occupy flower positions in inflorescences, rendering the latter thyrses in the case of cymose branching. Conclusions The ontogenetic concept differs from all existing inflorescence concepts in being based on meristems and developmental processes. It includes clear terms and allows homology statements. Transitional forms are an explicit part of the concept, illustrating the ontogenetic potential for character transformation in evolution.©The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved.

Bull-Herenu K.,Central University of Chile | Bull-Herenu K.,University of Santiago de Chile | Classen-Bockhoff R.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Annals of Botany | Year: 2013

Backgrounds and Aims Current research in plant science has concentrated on revealing ontogenetic processes of key attributes in plant evolution. One recently discussed model is the 'transient model' successful in explaining some types of inflorescence architectures based on two main principles: the decline of the so called 'vegetativeness' (veg) factor and the transient nature of apical meristems in developing inflorescences. This study examines whether both principles find a concrete ontogenetic correlate in inflorescence development. Methods To test the ontogenetic base of veg decline and the transient character of apical meristems the ontogeny of meristematic size in developing inflorescences was investigated under scanning electron microscopy. Early and late inflorescence meristems were measured and compared during inflorescence development in 13 eudicot species from 11 families. Key Results The initial size of the inflorescence meristem in closed inflorescences correlates with the number of nodes in the mature inflorescence. Conjunct compound inflorescences ( panicles) show a constant decrease of meristematic size from early to late inflorescence meristems, while disjunct compound inflorescences present an enlargement by merging from early inflorescence meristems to late inflorescence meristems, implying a qualitative change of the apical meristems during ontogeny. Conclusions Partial confirmation was found for the transient model for inflorescence architecture in the ontogeny: the initial size of the apical meristem in closed inflorescences is consistent with the postulated veg decline mechanism regulating the size of the inflorescence. However, the observed biphasic kinetics of the development of the apical meristem in compound racemes offers the primary explanation for their disjunct morphology, contrary to the putative exclusive transient mechanism in lateral axes as expected by the model.©The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved.

Gonzalez P.A.,Central University of Chile | Gonzalez P.A.,Diego Portales University | Vasquez Y.,University of the Frontier
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2011

We study the three-dimensional gravity with torsion given by the Mielke- Baekler (MB) model coupled to gravitational Chern-Simons term, and that possess electric charge described by Maxwell-Chern-Simons electrodynamics. We find and discuss this theory's charged black holes solutions and uncharged solutions. We find that for vanishing torsion our solutions by means of a coordinate transformation can be written as three-dimensional Chern-Simons black holes. We also discuss a special case of this theory, Topologically Massive Gravity (TMG) at chiral point, and we show that the logarithmic solution of TMG is also a solution of theMB model at a fixed point in the space of parameters. Furthermore, we show that our solutions generalize Gödel type solutions in a particular case. Also, we recover BTZ black hole in Riemann-Cartan spacetime for vanishing charge. © 2011 SISSA.

Gonzalez P.A.,Central University of Chile | Gonzalez P.A.,Diego Portales University | Saavedra J.,Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso | Vasquez Y.,University of the Frontier
International Journal of Modern Physics D | Year: 2012

We study the Lifshitz black hole in four dimensions with dynamical exponent z = 2 and we calculate analytically the quasinormal modes of scalar perturbations. These quasinormal modes allow to study the stability of the Lifshitz black hole and we have obtained that Lifshitz black hole is stable. © 2012 World Scientific Publishing Company.

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