Lal Bahadur Nagar, India
Lal Bahadur Nagar, India

The Central University of South Bihar is one of the sixteen newly established Central Universities by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 . The university is located at the premises of Birla Institute of Technology, Patna . The university is likely to be relocated to Panchanpur, approximately 10 km from Gaya on Defence land to be transferred soon. Keeping in view of the permanent location of the university at Gaya, it has been decided to launch new academic programmes at Gaya. It operates from a temporary campus on the grounds of Birla Institute of Technology, Patna. The university will now have its own campus in Gaya. On 28 February 2014, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar laid the foundation stone of the Central University of South Bihar at Gaya. It will be spread in 300 acre campus. After establishment of Mahatama Gandhi Central University in Motihari after the Central Universities Act 2014 is passed in Rajya Sabha, the university will be renamed to Central University of South Bihar. Wikipedia.


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Singh S.,Banaras Hindu University | Shrivastava A.K.,Central University of Bihar
Cell Biology and Toxicology | Year: 2017

In silico approaches in conjunction with morphology, nitrogenase activity, and qRT-PCR explore the impact of selected abiotic stressor such as arsenic, salt, cadmium, copper, and butachlor on nitrogen fixing (nif family) genes of diazotrophic cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC7120. A total of 19 nif genes are present within the Anabaena genome that is involved in the process of nitrogen fixation. Docking studies revealed the interaction between these nif gene-encoded proteins and the selected abiotic stressors which were further validated through decreased heterocyst frequency, fragmentation of filaments, and downregulation of nitrogenase activity under these stresses indicating towards their toxic impact on nitrogen fixation potential of filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC7120. Another appealing finding of this study is even though having similar binding energy and similar interacting residues between arsenic/salt and copper/cadmium to nif-encoded proteins, arsenic and cadmium are more toxic than salt and copper for nitrogenase activity of Anabaena which is crucial for growth and yield of rice paddy and soil reclamation. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Kumar N.,Central University of Bihar | Kumar N.,Indian Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute | Reddy M.P.,Indian Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute | Reddy M.P.,King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
Industrial Crops and Products | Year: 2012

Jatropha curcas, the energy plant has attained great attention in recent years because of its biodiesel production potential and medicinal value. This makes it imperative to search for techniques for its rapid propagation. In the present investigation an efficient and reproducible method for plant regeneration through direct shoot bud induction from cotyledonary petiole explants of elite genotypes (CSMCRI-JC-1, CSMCRI-JC-2 and CSMCRI-JC-3) of J. curcas was developed. The best shoot buds induction (51.19%) and number of shoot buds (9.75) per explant was observed when in vitro petiole explants were placed horizontally on MS medium supplemented with 2.27. μM TDZ after 6 weeks. The induced shoot buds were transferred to MS medium containing 10. μM kinetin (Kn), 4.5. μM 6-benzyl aminopurine (BAP) and 5.5. μM α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) for shoot proliferation. The proliferated shoots could be elongated on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations and combinations of BAP, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), NAA and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). MS medium with 2.25. μM BAP and 8.5. μM IAA was found to be best combination for shoot elongation and 3.01-3.61. cm elongation was achieved after 6 weeks. However, significant differences in plant regeneration and shoot elongation were observed among the genotypes studied. Orientation (horizontal or vertical) and source (. in vitro or in vivo) of explants also significantly influenced plant regeneration. The elongated shoots could be rooted on half-strength MS medium supplemented with 0.25. mg/L activated charcoal and different concentrations and combinations of IBA, IAA and NAA. Half strength of MS medium with 5. μM IBA, 5.7. μM IAA and 11. μM NAA was found to be best for rooting. The rooted plants could be established in soil with more than 90% survival rate. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Dhanker R.,National Taiwan Ocean University | Kumar R.,National Taiwan Ocean University | Kumar R.,Central University of Bihar | Hwang J.-S.,National Taiwan Ocean University
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Year: 2012

The brackish water calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus annandalei is considered to be primarily herbivorous, and being cultured as live feed for grouper fish larvae. In the present study we observed both males and females of P. annandalei preying on the rotifer, Brachionus rotundiformis and its eggs. In a series of laboratory experiments, P. annandalei was presented with neonates, ovigerous and non-ovigerous adult of B. rotundiformis to investigate rotifer predation, egg predation, prey consumption rates, size selection, and satiation level and duration. Prey consumption rates on neonate and adult rotifers were recorded in presence and absence of algae, the smaller Isochrysis galbana and the larger Tetraselmis chui. Both males and females of P. annandalei were able to successfully ingest the eggs, neonates and adults of B. rotundiformis. The prey consumption rates were significantly lower in males than in females of P. annandalei. Regardless of sex and reproductive state of the copepod, prey consumption rates were higher on rotifer neonates than on adults. The prey ingestion rates did not differ significantly between ovigerous and non-ovigerous adults of P. annandalei females. The ovigerous B. rotundiformis was ingested at lower rates than either non-ovigerous or neonates by both males and females of P. annandalei. Rejection of prey after getting entrained in the copepods feeding appendages was also recorded. Satiated P. annandalei rejected rotifers more often than hungry individuals. The presence of smaller algae I. galbana had no effect on rotifer consumption, whereas, the larger algae T. chui negatively influenced the rotifer consumption rates. The egg consumption rates in P. annandalei increased linearly with increasing numbers of egg bearing rotifers in the environment. From a combination of adults and neonates of B. rotundiformis, P. annandalei females preferred neonates over adult rotifers. The prey preference of copepods exhibited switching based on relative prey proportion in the environment. P. annandalei females reached to satiation level in 165. min, ingesting 47.33. ±1.8 and 38.67±1.83 individuals of non-ovigerous and ovigerous rotifers respectively. The present study provides first information on predatory efficiency of P. annandalei, and attests its omnivory feeding habit. This study suggests that P. annandalei, being perennially abundant in many tropical brackish ponds and estuaries may be playing a major role in shaping the community structure through predation in its natural habitat. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Rana A.,Lund University | Uvo C.B.,Lund University | Bengtsson L.,Lund University | Sarthi P.P.,Central University of Bihar
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2012

Urbanisation has burdened cities with many problems associated with growth and the physical environment. Some of the urban locations in India are becoming increasingly vulnerable to natural hazards related to precipitation and flooding. Thus it becomes increasingly important to study the characteristics of these events and their physical explanation. This work studies rainfall trends in Delhi and Mumbai, the two biggest Metropolitan cities of Republic of India, during the period from 1951 to 2004. Precipitation data was studied on basis of months, seasons and years, and the total period divided in the two different time periods of 1951-1980 and 1981-2004 for detailed analysis. Long-term trends in rainfall were determined by Man-Kendall rank statistics and linear regression. Further this study seeks for an explanation for precipitation trends during monsoon period by different global climate phenomena. Principal component analysis and Singular value decomposition were used to find relation between southwest monsoon precipitation and global climatic phenomena using climatic indices. Most of the rainfall at both the stations was found out to be taking place in Southwest monsoon season. The analysis revealed great degree of variability in precipitation at both stations. There is insignificant decrease in long term southwest monsoon rainfall over Delhi and slight significant decreasing trends for long term southwest monsoon rainfall in Mumbai. Decrease in average maximum rainfall in a day was also indicated by statistical analysis for both stations. Southwest monsoon precipitation in Delhi was found directly related to Scandinavian Pattern and East Atlantic/West Russia and inversely related to Pacific Decadal Oscillation, whereas precipitation in Mumbai was found inversely related to Indian ocean dipole, El Niño- Southern Oscillation and East Atlantic Pattern. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Yuvaraj M.,Central University of Bihar
Library Hi Tech News | Year: 2016

Purpose: The paper aims to introduce the emerging Li-Fi technology and provide an outlook of its current and potential application. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a literature review. Findings: The merits and demerits of the technology are discussed. Originality/value: The paper makes first observation toward the concept of Li-Fi technologies. © 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Yuvaraj M.,Central University of Bihar
Library Hi Tech News | Year: 2016

Purpose: This paper aims to carry out an evaluative study of the cloud-based integrated library management solution (ILMS): Librarika. Design/methodology/approach: An evaluation checklist was designed from the review of existing ILMSs as well as literature review. The checklist was distributed to the library staff of the Central University of South Bihar. Findings: Librarika was found to be comparable with existing open-source ILMSs but lacked transparency of data. Librarika had all the features of the commonly available open-source ILMSs, like KOHA. However, respondents pointed out that Librarika had a better circulation module and online public access catalogue (OPAC) features compared to other ILMSs. Concerns over data ownership, migration and portability in the cloud were considered as the major bottlenecks in its adoption. Practical implications: The study will help other libraries in decision-making who are considering Librarika for their ILMSs. Originality/value: Till date, no evaluative study has been carried out on any cloud-based ILMS. © 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Singh R.K.,Central University of Bihar | Singh A.K.,Banaras Hindu University
Acta Mechanica Sinica/Lixue Xuebao | Year: 2012

In the present paper, we have considered the steady fully developed laminar natural convective flow in open ended vertical concentric annuli in the presence of a radial magnetic field. The induced magnetic field produced by the motion of an electrically conducting fluid is taken into account. The transport equations concerned with the considered model are first recast in the non-dimensional form and then unified analytical solutions for the velocity, induced magnetic field and temperature field are obtained for the cases of isothermal and constant heat flux on the inner cylinder of concentric annuli. The effects of the various physical parameters appearing into the model are demonstrated through graphs and tables. It is found that the magnitude of maximum value of the fluid velocity as well as induced magnetic field is greater in the case of isothermal condition compared with the constant heat flux case when the gap between the cylinders is less or equal to 1.70 times the radius of inner cylinder, while reverse trend occurs when the gap between the cylinders is greater than 1.71 times the radius of inner cylinder. These fields are almost the same when the gap between the cylinders is equal to 1.71 times the radius of inner cylinder for both the cases. It is also found that as the Hartmann number increases, there is a flattening tendency for both the velocity and the induced magnetic field. The influence of the induced magnetic field is to increase the velocity profiles. © The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.


Yuvaraj M.,Central University of Bihar
Library Hi Tech News | Year: 2015

Purpose – The present paper is an attempt to describe in detail the concept of Cloud computing in conjunction with libraries. It describes in detail about Cloud libraries, transition of libraries toward Cloud, its need, features, Cloud library components, types of Cloud libraries, Cloud library infrastructure, key players as well as role of Cloud librarians. Design/methodology/approach – Based on an extensive literature survey, the basic conceptions of Cloud libraries were developed. Findings – Various concepts of Cloud libraries have been proposed in the literature that will be instrumental in understanding the theoretical foundations of Cloud libraries. Originality/value – Till date no any theoretical foundation exists on the concept of Cloud libraries. The paper is one of the first attempts to give shape to the libraries based on Cloud computing platform. © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Yuvaraj M.,Central University of Bihar
Library Hi Tech News | Year: 2015

Purpose – In recent years, a large number of organizations have found that cloud computing has many advantages leading to a surge in its adoption. Design/methodology/approach – Cloud computing involves the usage of large servers for the access of data, its storage and manipulation as well as provisioning of other services. Findings – When infrastructure, applications, data and storage are hosted by cloud providers, there are huge security risks associated with each type of service offered. Originality/value – There are a number of considerations, apart from cost which must be evaluated before choosing any particular provider. Sometimes, the physical location of the servers may also be a factor to consider, if sensitive duty is involved. © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


Shukla N.K.,Central University of Bihar
International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing | Year: 2013

Generalizing the result of Bownik and Speegle [Approximation Theory X: Wavelets, Splines and Applications, Vanderbilt University Press, pp. 63-85, 2002], we provide plenty of non-MSF A-wavelets with the help of a given A-wavelet set. Further, by showing that the dimension function of the non-MSF A-wavelet constructed through an A-wavelet set W coincides with the dimension function of W, we conclude that the non-MSF A-wavelet and the A-wavelet set through which it is constructed possess the same nature as far as the multiresolution analysis is concerned. Some examples of non-MSF d-wavelets and non-MSF A-wavelets are also provided. As an illustration we exhibit a pathwise connected class of non-MSF non-MRA wavelets sharing the same wavelet dimension function. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company.

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