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Changsha, China

Central South University located in Changsha, a historic and cultural city in Hunan province, central south of the People's Republic of China. CSU was established in April 2000 on the basis of the amalgamation of the three former individual universities, namely Central South University of Mining and Technology , Hunan Medical University and Changsha Railway University . Wikipedia.


Tan C.,Central South University
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2011

An extension of TOPSIS, a multi-criteria interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision making technique, to a group decision environment is investigated, where inter-dependent or interactive characteristics among criteria and preference of decision makers are taken into account. To get a broad view of the techniques used, first, some operational laws on interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values are introduced. Based on these operational laws, a generalized interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy geometric aggregation operator is proposed which is used to aggregate decision makers' opinions in group decision making process. In addition, some of its properties are discussed. Then Choquet integral-based Hamming distance between interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values is defined. Combining the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy geometric aggregation operator with Choquet integral-based Hamming distance, an extension of TOPSIS method is developed to deal with a multi-criteria interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy group decision making problems. Finally, an illustrative example is used to illustrate the developed procedures. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Zhu C.,Central South University
Optics Communications | Year: 2012

This paper proposes a novel image encryption scheme based on the improved hyperchaotic sequences. Firstly, the hyperchaotic sequences are modified to generate chaotic key stream that is more suitable for image encryption. Secondly, the final encryption key stream is generated by correlating the chaotic key stream and plaintext which result in both key sensitivity and plaintext sensitivity. The scheme can achieve high key sensitivity and high plaintext sensitivity through only two rounds diffusion operation. The performance test and security analysis has been performed using the histograms, correlation coefficients, information entropy, peak signal-to-noise ratio, key sensitivity analysis, differential analysis, key space analysis, decryption quality and speed analysis. Results suggest that the proposed image encryption scheme is secure and reliable, with high potential to be adopted for the secure image communication applications. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Tang X.H.,Central South University
Advanced Nonlinear Studies | Year: 2014

Consider the semilinear Schrödinger equation -Δu + V(x)u = f (x, u), x ∈ ℝN, u ∈ H1(ℝN), where f is a superlinear, subcritical nonlinearity. We mainly study the case where both V and f are periodic in x and 0 belongs to a spectral gap of -Δ + V. Based on the work of Szulkin and Weth [J Funct Anal 257: 3802-3822, 2009], we develop a new technique to show the boundedness of Cerami sequences and derive a new super-quadratic condition that there exists a θ0 ∈ (0, 1) such that 1 - θ2/2 t f (x, t) ≥ ∫ θt t f (x, s)ds, ∀ θ ∈ [0, θ0] for the existence a "ground state solution" which minimizes the corresponding energy among all nontrivial solutions. Our result unifies and improves some known ones and the recent ones of Szulkin and Weth [J Funct Anal 257: 3802-3822, 2009] and Liu [Calc. Var. 45: 1-9, 2012]. Source


Lu Q.,Central South University
Journal of Autoimmunity | Year: 2013

Autoimmune diseases are characterized by aberrant immune responses against healthy cells and tissues, in which a given individual's genetic susceptibilities play a central role; however, the exact mechanisms underlying the development of these conditions remain for the most part unknown. In recent years, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that, in addition to genetics, other complementary mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity, in particular, epigenetics. Epigenetics is defined as stable and heritable patterns of gene expression that do not entail any alterations to the original DNA sequence. Epigenetic mechanisms primarily consist of DNA methylation, histone modifications and small non-coding RNA transcripts. Epigenetic marks can be affected by age and other environmental triggers, providing a plausible link between environmental factors and the onset and development of various human diseases. Because of their primary function in regulating timely gene expression, epigenetic mechanisms offer potential advantages in terms of interpreting the molecular basis of complicated diseases and providing new promising therapeutic avenues for their treatment. The present review focuses on recent progress made in elucidating the relationship between epigenetics and the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, primary Sjögren's syndrome, primary biliary cirrhosis, psoriasis and type 1 diabetes. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Large-scale centimetres-long single-crystal β-SiC nanowires have been prepared using CH4 as the carbon source and SiO or the mixture of Si and SiO2 as the silicon source by a simple catalyst-free CVD route under superatmospheric pressure conditions. The nanowries grown on ceramic boat or corundum substrates, with lengths of several centimetres and the average diameters of around 40 nm, were composed of single-crystal β-SiC core along the [111] direction and amorphous SiO2 shell of about 1-30 nm thick depending on the growth position along the flowing direction of the carrier gas. The total gas pressure is an important factor for the synthesis of the large-scale centimetres-long β-SiC nanowires, which can easily adjust the pressure of the vapors to supersaturation condition. The growth of the nanowires was governed by the Vapor-Solid mechanism. The β-SiC nanowires showed an intense blue light emission at room temperature. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

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