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Singh R.J.,Farm Science Center | Singh R.J.,Central Soil & Water Conservation Research & Training Institute | Pande K.K.,Farm Science Center | Sachan V.K.,Farm Science Center | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Vegetable Science | Year: 2015

Intercropping potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) with suitable crops might improve yield and profit for small-scale producers. Effective energy use in subsistence agriculture is necessary for sustainable production because it provides financial savings and preserves resources. Potato was intercropped with radish (Raphanus sativus L.) or spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), and each component was also grown in monocrop, in a field experiment during Sept. 2008–Jan. 2009 under irrigation. Intercropping radish and spinach with potato increased potato equivalent yield over monocropped potato. Potato + spinach had a higher land equivalent ratio (1.78) and area time equivalent ratio (1.29) than the potato + radish intercrop, which had a higher relative net return (3.28) and benefit : cost ratio (6.38). Monocropped radish had the highest net energy return, energy ratio, energy productivity, and energy profitability. Potato + radish had higher energy input and output and energy intensiveness than other cropping systems. Radish and spinach can be intercropped with potato for efficient use of land and higher economic return; monocropped radish may be more profitable and energy efficient than other crop combinations. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Source

Mondal B.,Indian Central Rice Research Institute | Singh A.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Sekar I.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Sinha M.K.,Directorate of Water Management | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Water Resources Development | Year: 2016

This study explored institutional arrangements with regard to government-sponsored watershed development programmes in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, India. The appraisal of structure and role of institutions at different levels revealed adequate representation of various social groups, but the associations among stakeholder institutions as well as various resource agencies were found to be weak. A glance at the component-wise expenditure pattern showed an unequal emphasis and funding support between land–water development and livelihood activities. Responses from beneficiary respondents revealed a strong adherence to socio-economic and political issues by non-governmental organizations as well as technical issues by government organizations during implementation of the watershed programmes. © 2015 Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Published by Taylor & Francis. Source

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