Central Siberian Botanical Garden

Novosibirsk, Russia

Central Siberian Botanical Garden

Novosibirsk, Russia
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Gulyaeva A.F.,Kemerovo State University | Lashchinskiy N.N.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Revushkin A.S.,Tomsk State University
Turczaninowia | Year: 2016

The article is devoted to the spatial distribution of small-leaved forests in Kuznetskaya depression where they are forest component of zonal forest-steppe vegetation. Two levels of spatial organization were determined. According to mesorelief communities of different associations are organized into topo-ecological series. These series differ by length and set of communities. On higher level spatial distribution is controlled by climate and reflects zonal structure. Central part of the depression is occupied by Artemisio-Betuletum communities in combination with communities of Calamagrostio-Betuletum which occur in more humid habitats. Near the eastern edge of the depression forest vegetation is represented by combination of Trollio-Populetum and Campanulo-Betuletum communities where the first one is more typical for the plain conditions and second one - for the mountainous environment. In southern part of the depression communities of Campanulo-Betuletum are widespread in combination with Saussureo-Populetum communities which localized on higher well-moisturized slopes. In north-western part syntaxonomical diversity drops down to one association - Primulo-Betuletum, and communities of Carici-Betuletum association occur across the whole depression in lowest relief positions. Climatically it is possible to distinguish two belts - forest-steppe and subtaiga. Forest-steppe is represented by two types - typical plain forest-steppe in north-western part and submountainous forest-steppe in the central part of depression. Subtaiga belt in the depression is developed on eastern edge, but in western part it exists only on mountain slopes.

Shurupova M.,Tomsk State University | Kukushkina T.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Petruk A.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Shchetinin P.,Tomsk State University
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2016

This paper focuses on the chemical composition of five Siberian Saussurea species: S. frolowii, S. controversa, S. latifolia, S. parviflora and S. salicifolia. Four groups of substances were found in dry mass of these plants: phenolic compounds (flavonoids, tannins), carotenoids, pectins and saponins. Quantitative spectrophotometric analysis revealed a high content of flavonoids, catechins, tannins, carotenoids and saponins in some samples. Leaves of S. parviflora and S. latifoliacontain high contents of flavonoids (greater than 3.2 %). The greatest amount of catechins accumulates in the leaves of S. parviflora and S. frolowii. Due to the high content of tannins S. parviflora and S. latifoliaare noteworthy. Leaves of S. parvifloraand S. latifolia accumulate a particularly large number of carotenoids. Leaves of S. parviflora and S. controversaare particularly rich in saponins. Our results confirm the hypothesis about the prospects of the use of these species for the development of herbal medicines. © 2016 Author(s).

Baum B.R.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Yang J.-L.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Yen C.,Sichuan Agricultural University | Agafonov A.V.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden
Journal of Systematics and Evolution | Year: 2011

We have classified 11 species recently recognized as belonging to the genus Elymus into a resurrected and legitimate genus Campeiostachys Drobov according to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Our action is based on the rationale of monophyly, discrimination, and practicality discussed in detail. Currently Elymus contains a vast number of species with different genomes which often, but not always, can be differentiated by cytological and molecular features, but are difficult to separate by traditional morphology, although an effort to do so is detailed and discussed. This difficulty can be attributed to the dominance effect of a particular genome on the other genome(s) present. Campeiostachys, with genome constitution StStHHYY, is a recent addition to a number of genera recently segregated out of Elymus, i.e. Douglasdeweya (StStPP), Kengyilia (StStPPYY), and Roegneria (StStYY, StStStStYY). A key to Campeiostachys taxa is provided, along with taxa descriptions, distribution, nomenclature, and cytology. Nineteen nomenclatural novelties, or combinations, resulted from this work, 10 species names, and nine varietal names. © 2011 Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Erst A.A.,Altai State University | Erst A.S.,Tomsk State University | Shaulo D.N.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden
Taiwania | Year: 2014

The method of preservation and in vitro propagation of rare species Dianthus mainensis was offered. Seeds were used as starting material for in vitro propagation. Explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with BAP and NAA. The greatest number of shoots was obtained when supplementing 3 μM BAP (5.5 shoots per an explant). This medium provided direct morphogenesis without appearance of somaclonal variants. Rooting of shoots in vitro observed when using half strength MS medium without growth regulators. Regenerants of Dianthus mainensis were successfully adapted and transferred to the experimental field.

Uotila P.,University of Helsinki | Lomonosova M.N.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden
Annales Botanici Fennici | Year: 2016

Chenopodium acerifolium Andrz. and C. karoi (Murr) Aellen have often been confused with each other and with similar taxa occurring in the northernmost parts of Russia. In particular their relationships with C. prostratum Bunge ex Herder nom. illeg. and C. jenissejense Aellen and Iljin have not been clear. The type material of C. jenissejense is heterogeneous and here we designate the lectotype for it so that C. jenissejense will be probably conspecific with C. prostratum, for which the lectotype is also designated here. We provisionally consider C. jenissejense, a Siberian riverside plant, to be conspecific with the mainly Central Asian C. karoi, but further studies are needed to confirm their relationships. Emended morphological descriptions are given of C. acerifolium and C. karoi and their types are discussed. Paul Aellen's role in the taxonomic treatment of C. karoi s. lato and in preparing the account of Chenopodium for the Flora of the USSR is clarified based on the correspondence between Aellen and M.M. Iljin. © 2016 Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board.

Erst A.S.,Tomsk State University | Sukhorukov A.P.,Moscow State University | Shaulo D.N.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Kuznetsov A.A.,Tomsk State University
Acta Botanica Gallica | Year: 2015

The distribution of the enigmatic Mongolian Aquilegia ganboldii is confirmed for Russian South Siberia, North Korea and northeast China. It seems to be closely related to Aquilegia oxysepala var. oxysepala and Aquilegia buergeriana. A diagnostic key to A. ganboldii and related taxa is provided. © 2015 Société botanique de France.

Gulyaeva A.F.,Kemerovo State University | Lashchinskiy N.N.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Revushkin A.S.,Tomsk State University | Kuznetsov A.A.,Tomsk State University
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2015

This article concerns the spatial distribution patterns of small-leaved forests in the Kuznetsk Depression, where these communities are the forest components of zonal vegetation. Two levels of spatial forest heterogeneity are described. Depending on mesorelief, forest communities are organized into topo-ecological series, which differ in sets of components and area covered by different elements. On a larger scale, depending on climatic features in different parts of the depression, the spatial pattern of communities and topo-ecological series reflect the zonal structures. In general, the spatial forest distribution is considered as follows: the central part of the depression is covered by Artemisio – Betuletum communities in combination with Calamagrostio – Betuletum forests; approaching the eastern border of the depression, they change to Trollio – Populetum and Campanulo – Betuletum combinations; the southern part is occupied by communities of Campanulo – Betuletum, together with Saussureo – Populetum forests; in the north-western part the only forest association is Primulo – Betuletum. Throughout the entire region, in places with bad drainage occur communities of Carici – Betuletum. Based on climatic parameters, forest-steppe and sub-taiga sub-belts can be distinguished. Forest-steppe in its turn can be divided into an original fragment of plain forest-steppe and typical forest-steppe. In the eastern part of the depression, a sub-taiga sub-belt developed but in the western part, it exists outside the depression. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Ermakov N.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Makhatkov I.,Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry
Plant Biosystems | Year: 2011

A classification of northern boreal light coniferous forests in the West Siberian plain has been developed using the Braun-Blanquet approach. In the northern part of the West-Siberian plain, boreal coniferous forests occur at the northern limit of their range characterized by a cold continental climate and the prevalence of long-frozen, poorly drained soils in watersheds. All syntaxa were assigned to the class Vaccinio-Piceetea Br.-Bl. in Br-Bl., Siss. & Vlieger 1939. Association Pinetum sibiricae-sylvestris Makhatkov et Ermakov 2010 has been included in the alliance Cladonio stellaris-Pinion sylvestris K.-Lund 1986, order Pinetalia sylvestris Oberd. 1957. Associations Melampyro pratense-Laricetum sibiricae ass. nova hoc loco and Ledo-Pinetum sibiricae ass. nova hoc loco have been included in the alliance Pino sibiricae-Laricion sibiricae Ermakov in Ermakov et Alsynbayev 2004 and the order Ledo palustris-Laricetalia cajanderi Ermakov in Ermakov et Alsynbayev 2004. Results of detrended correspondence analysis ordinations demonstrate a strong floristic integrity of the higher syntaxonomic units and clear syntaxonomic boundary between north boreal forests of the Vaccinio-Piceetea and swamp forests of the Oxycocco-Sphagnetea in spite of transitional floristic features in the majority of communities. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Selyutina I.Y.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Zibzeev E.G.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden
Contemporary Problems of Ecology | Year: 2016

This article presents the results of an analysis of ontogenetic and vitality structure of seven cenopopulations of Oxytropis sulphurea (Fisch. ex DC.) Ledeb. in the high-altitude conditions of Rydny Altai (Ivanovsky and Prohodnoi ridges) and the Saur Ridge. In the study of the demographic structure it has been determined that most populations from undisturbed habitats are characterized by left-side spectrums with maximums on juvenile or immature individuals. The changes in the structure of the studied ontogenetic spectrums of this species depend largely on the presence of anthropogenic influence. Grazing pressure has led to the formation of spectrums with a maximum on g3 plants. The vitality type of the O. sulphurea populations varies from exuberant to depressed; the depressed and balanced types of vitality prevailed. Intensive seed propagation provides a stable existence of O. sulphurea in the high-mountain alpine zone. The results of our study show that O. sulphurea is an alpine-meadow species which has strict ecological and cenotic propensity for alpine meadows with the prevalence of Festuca kryloviana, Anthoxanthum alpinum, and Schulzia crinite and shrub tundras with Dryas oxyodonta. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Erst A.S.,Central Siberian Botanical Garden | Sukhorukov A.P.,Moscow State University
Taiwania | Year: 2011

The records of Ranunculus longicaulis and R. pseudohirculus are cited from Nepal. Both species were earlier identified as R. pulchellus. The key for delimitation as well as taxonomic notes of these three species are provided. Some populations from Central Asia and Himalayas differ in pubescence details and morphometry.

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