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Vijay Simha G.,National Institute of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Research | Kumar M.A.,National Institute of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Research | Rajesh S.,National Institute of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Research | Panda P.,National Research Institute of Ayurvedic Drug Development | Rao M.M.,Ayurveda Central Research Institute
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Darbha (Imperata cylindrica (Linn.) Beauv) is commonly known as Cogon Grass and used in Ayurveda for the treatment of various urinary disorders. The plant belongs to the family Poaceae. It is a tufted, perennial grass with hard, creeping roots and it reaches a height of 0.6-1.5 m. It is found in hotter parts of India, both in plains and hills. It is found in all continents and is known as one of the ten worst weeds. It is an important drug of "Trinpanchmool". It is a reputed drug mentioned in the ancient books of Ayurveda, used extensively for the treatment of various ailments viz. urinary calculi, retention of urine, diabetes, cardiac disorder, gout, common cough and cold, inflammation, anaemia, etc. It also acts as aphrodisiac and rejuvenator. It is also used in traditional Chinese medicine. The drug contains five triterpenoids viz. cylindrin, arundorin, ferneon, isoburneol and simiarenol. The important Ayurvedic formulations of Darbha are Brahma Rasayana, Sukumara Ghrita, Karpuradyarka, Trikantaka Ghrita, Trinapanchamool kwath, Kushavaleha, Kushadhya ghrita etc. The root of this plant exhibited a set of diagnostic characters, which will help to identify the drug in dried condition. The present study attempts to investigate Phytochemical, Pharmacognostical and Physico-chemical parameters like pH, Loss on drying at 105°C, Water soluble extract, Alcohol soluble extract, Total Ash and Acid insoluble ash etc. These parameters will be useful in authentication and identification of the adulterants and quality control of raw drug of Imperata cylindrica (Linn.) Beauv. © RJPT All right reserved. Source

Balsavar A.,Ayurveda Central Research Institute | Deshpande S.N.,Ayurveda Central Research Institute
Indian Journal of Psychiatry

The ancient Indian system of medicine Ayurveda is a compendium of various health related theories and practices and explained the abnormal state of mind, i.e., psychopathology in various contexts. Hallucinations were deemed abnormal. In Ayurvedic classics, hallucinations were called false perceptions (mithyajnana), illusions (maya), infatuations (moha), or confusion (bhrama). Hallucinations were not independent but a symptom of mental disorder (manasa roga). Hallucinations of different sensory organs were observed and explained. These symptoms could be observed in patients suffering from any illness of tridosha origin, organic disease or psychiatric disorder. False perceptions observed in patients were used as tools to understand the prognosis of the condition. This article may help provide preliminary insight and encourage interdisciplinary study toward understanding one of the main symptoms of schizophrenia. Source

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