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Lopez Jaena, Philippines

Central Philippine University is a private research university located in Iloilo City, Philippines. It was established in 1905 under the auspices of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society as a two separate schools: the Jaro Industrial School for boys and a bible school to train ministers and other Christian workers. Central is the second American university in Asia. Later in 1913, women were gradually admitted to the school for boys, and eventually the school started offering high school education in 1920. In 1923, the school for boys merged with the Bible school when it became a junior college and started offering college degrees, and in 1953, attained university status.Central pioneered nursing education in the Philippines, when Presbyterian American missionaries established the Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1906. In the same year also, the CPU Republic , the university's official student governing body was organized, making it as the first student governing body to be established in Asia. On the other hand, Central was the first institution to pioneered the work-study-program in the country that were later patterned and followed by other institutions. The university's hospital, the Iloilo Mission Hospital, which was established in 1901 by the Presbyterian Americans, is the first Protestant founded hospital in the country and the first American hospital in the entire Asian continent.The university at present is affiliated with the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches and maintains fraternal ties with the International Ministries of the American Baptist Churches, known before as the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, but maintains to be non-sectarian and independent.CPU consists fifteen schools and colleges that provides instruction in basic education all the way up to the post-graduate levels. In the undergraduate and graduate levels, its covered disciplines include the Accountancy, Arts and science, Business, Computer Studies, Education, Engineering, Law, Mass Communication, Medical Laboratory science, Medicine, Pharmacy, Lifestyle and Fitness, Tourism, Nursing and Theology. The Commission on Higher Education have granted the University a full autonomous status, the same government agency that accredited some of its programs as Centers of Development. The International Organization for Standardization certifies Central as one of the ten ISO certified educational institutions in the Philippines. Recently, through international collaborations with other institutions has made CPU to offer undergraduate, graduate and doctorate business programs at Thai Nguyen University of Economics and Business Administration in Vietnam. Wikipedia.

Wu D.L.,World Vegetable Center | Palada M.C.,Central Philippine University | Luther G.C.,World Vegetable Center
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2012

A major constraint limiting yield and production of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) during the hot-wet season in the highland tropics is the high incidence of soil-borne diseases including bacterial wilt-BW (Ralstonia solanacearum) and Phytophthora blight-PB (Phytophthora capsici). High temperature and humidity during the wet season favor development of these soil pathogens. A technology on grafting sweet pepper scion onto chili pepper rootstock with resistance to both diseases and flooding was developed at AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center since 2002. Several chili pepper lines were identified with high resistance to BW and PB. From 2007 to 2008, on-farm trials were conducted in Nantou, Central Taiwan to evaluate disease resistance and subsequent yield of sweet pepper cultivars grafted onto resistant chili pepper rootstocks. In both years, the incidence of PB and BW was significantly (P≤0.05) lower in grafted than non-grafted plants. Marketable fruit yields averaged over four sweet pepper cultivars (scions) were significantly (P≤0.05) greater in plants grafted onto seven chili rootstock lines compared to non-grafted plants. Outstanding and high yielding sweet pepper cultivars were 'Andalus' and 'Hazera'. Six outstanding chili pepper rootstock lines with low incidence of BW and PB were identified in these trials. This study indicates that grafting technology is effective in reducing soil-borne diseases of sweet pepper which leads to increased yield and production during the hot-wet season in tropical highlands. Source

Cabarles Jr. J.C.,Central Philippine University
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2012

Poultry genetic resources diversity serves as a reservoir of genes adaptable to local conditions, production, resource utilization, and production that are compatible with consumer preferences for meat and egg products. This study was, therefore, conducted to determine the production potentials of native chickens in Western Visayas, Philippines. A total of 270 raisers were interviewed and 810 chickens were characterized. These numbers were divided equally among the provinces of Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo, and Negros Occidental. The data collected were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and significant differences were determined using the Duncan's Multiple Range Test. Results show that native chickens from Aklan had the highest (P<0. 01) hatching percentage (93. 10 ± 1. 67 %) and oldest (P < 0. 01) slaughter/marketing age (23. 56 ± 1. 03 weeks). Those from Guimaras had the biggest (P < 0. 01) egg (42. 69 ± 0. 87 g) and heaviest slaughter/marketing weight (920. 00 ± 22. 72 to 924. 44 ± 23. 01 g); the shortest (P < 0. 01) clutch interval (77. 87 ± 4. 14 days) was observed from those in Iloilo. Those from Antique had the highest (P < 0. 01) survival rate from 1 day old to a slaughter/marketing age of 52. 48 ± 1. 83 %. The adult live weight ranged from 1. 27 ± 0. 04 to 1. 62 ± 0. 04 kg with those from Aklan as the lowest (P <0. 01) while those from Guimaras were the highest. Thus, the observed variations in reproductive and growth performances of native chickens from this region expressed their potentials for genetic improvement toward production. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Palada M.C.,Central Philippine University | Bhattarai S.P.,Central Queensland University | Roberts M.S.,International Development Enterprises | Bhattarai M.,The World Vegetable Center | And 3 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2011

In rainfed cropping systems limited water supply is a major constraint for increased crop production during the dry season. The use of affordable drip irrigation systems can increase crop yield, water use efficiency, and labor productivity in dry season vegetable production. Farmer participatory research was conducted in Cambodia during the 2008 dry season to evaluate the performance and benefits of a low-cost drip irrigation system for improving small-scale vegetable production. The effect of integrating improved soil nutrient management through fertilizer deep placement on crop yield and economic returns were determined for selected vegetable crops. Compared with traditional practice of hand-watering, drip irrigation increased yield of chili (Capsicum annuum), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), and eggplant (Solanum melongena) by almost 50%, but reduced average net income by 25%. Drip irrigation decreased water use by 33%, and increased water use efficiency by 63% and labor productivity by 74%. The use of fertilizer deep placement with drip irrigation resulted in higher yield (18%) compared with commercial NPK fertilizer irrespective of irrigation methods. Significant response was shown in yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata var. sesquipedales) with 35% yield increase and 50% increase in net income. Under drip irrigation the use of fertilizer deep placement reduced water use by 48%, increased water use efficiency by 70% and labor productivity by 78%. This study demonstrated the potential benefit of low-cost drip irrigation and fertilizer deep placement for improving smallholder vegetable production in Cambodia during the dry season through higher yield, increased water use efficiency, and higher economic returns and labor productivity compared with farmers' traditional practice of handwatering and fertilizer application. © ISHS. Source

Palada M.,Central Philippine University | Mercado A.C.,World Agroforestry Center | Roberts M.,International Development Enterprises IDE | Ella V.B.,University of the Philippines at Los Banos | And 5 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2011

Low-pressure drip irrigation has been introduced to small-scale vegetable farmers in several countries in Asia and Africa for almost two decades, but adoption and impact of the technology have been limited due to several factors. This paper evaluates the performance of low-pressure and affordable drip irrigation kits developed and promoted by International Development Enterprises for vegetable production based on farmers' experiences in Cambodia, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Solomon Islands. On-farm, farmer-participatory demonstration trials were conducted using low-pressure drum and bucket kits with 1 m pressure head. In Cambodia, drip irrigation resulted in significant increase in water use efficiency (43%), yield (15%) and labor productivity (38%) in cucumber, eggplant, and yard-long bean. In the Philippines, drip irrigation increased average yields of vegetables by 35% despite unusually high rainfall in the dry season. Similar results were obtained from Indonesia, where there was no significant yield response of five vegetable crops to drip irrigation during the wet season but in the dry season drip irrigation improved yield and quality of chili pepper and reduced disease incidence. In Vietnam, drip irrigation increased average yield of vegetables by 8-11% and reduced labor input by 33%. In the Solomon Islands, unusual rainfall patterns even during the dry season negated the benefits of drip irrigation on vegetable production, but farmers claimed that drip irrigation reduced labor spent in watering the plots. A trial on tomato demonstrated the advantage of drip irrigation as shown in improved yield of 19%. Based on farmers' experiences, the adoption and impact of affordable drip irrigation technology in Asia and Pacific is mainly determined by climate, particularly the rainfall pattern and growing season in addition to other related technical and socioeconomic factors. Source

Calibjo C.C.,Central Philippine University | Nerves A.C.,University of the Philippines at Diliman
10th International Power and Energy Conference, IPEC 2012 | Year: 2012

Applying a novel non-dominated sorting differential evolutionary algorithm (NSDEA) procedure to a DC power flow based multi-objective transmission expansion planning (MOTEP) model, this paper aims to develop a Reference Grid Performance Assessment Model that can be used as a benchmark when evaluating investment proposals for the transmission upgrade. Investment cost, line rental cost and amount of load curtailment are considered in the optimization as the three objective prerequisites. In addition, the static MOTEP problem has been investigated in both greenfield and expansion planning problem with and without generation rescheduling considerations. The proposed model was applied to a realistic 46-bus South Brazilian system. Simulation results show the accuracy, outstanding convergence performance in finding the optimal solution, simple implementation as well as satisfactory computation time of the proposed solution technique. © 2012 IEEE. Source

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