Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center

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Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center

Germany
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Romanowski B.,University of Alberta | Schwarz T.F.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Ferguson L.M.,Colchester Research Group | Peters K.,Berner Heerweg 157 | And 8 more authors.
Human Vaccines | Year: 2011

The immunogenicity of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS 04-adjuvanted vaccine (Cervarix® , GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) administered according to its licensed vaccination schedule (3-dose, 3D) and formulation (20 μg of each HPV antigen; 20/20F) has previously been demonstrated. This partially-blind, controlled, randomized trial (NCT00541970) evaluated 2-dose (2D) schedules using the licensed 20/20F or an alternative formulation containing 40 μg of each antigen (40/40F), compared with the licensed 3D schedule. Healthy females stratified by age (9-14, 15-19, 20-25 y) were randomized to receive 2 doses of 20/20F at Months (M) 0,6 (n = 240), 40/40F at M0,6 (n = 241) or 40/40F at M0,2 (n = 240), or 3 doses of 20/20F at M0,1,6 (licensed schedule/formulation, n = 239). One month after the last dose, the 3D schedule was not immunologically superior to 2D schedules except in the 40/40F M0,2 group for HPV-16 (lower limit of 95% CI geometric mean antibody titer (GMT) ratio [2D/3D] <0.5). For both HPV-16 and HPV-18, the 2D schedules in girls 9-14 y were immunologically non-inferior to the 3D schedule in women 15-25 y (the age group in which efficacy has been demonstrated) (upper limit of 95% CI for GMT ratio [3D/2D] <2) one month after the last dose. At Month 24, non-inferiority was maintained for the 2D M0,6 schedules in girls 9-14 y vs. the 3D schedule in women 15-25 y. All formulations had acceptable reactogenicity and safety profiles. These results indicate that the HPV-16/18 vaccine on a 2D M0,6 schedule is immunogenic and generally well tolerated in girls 9-14 y and that the 2D schedule is likely adequate for younger females. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.


Schwarz T.F.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Spaczynski M.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Schneider A.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Wysocki J.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Human Vaccines | Year: 2011

The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine (Cervarix®, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) has been shown to induce a robust immune response in women aged 15-55 years (103514/NCT00196937). This follow-up study is the first report of persistence of immune response and safety profile through 48 months after vaccination in women aged 15-55 years. In this open-label, age-stratified Phase III study in Germany and Poland (105882/NCT00196937), healthy women aged 15-55 years received 3 doses of HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine at 0, 1 and 6 months. Anti-HPV-16/18 seropositivity rates and geometric mean antibody titers (GMTs) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in women aged 15-25 (n = 168), 26-45 (n = 186) and 46-55 years (n = 177) from the time of first vaccination through 48 months. At Month 48, all subjects were seropositive for anti-HPV-16 antibodies and 99.4% were seropositive for anti-HPV-18. Antibody kinetics were as previously reported, with peak response at Month 7 followed by a gradual decline tending towards a plateau in all age groups. Anti-HPV-16/18 GMTs were sustained at Month 48 in all age groups, including women aged 46-55 years in whom GMTs were respectively 11-fold and 5-fold higher than natural infection levels. The vaccine exhibited a clinically acceptable safety profile in all age groups. In summary, the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine induces high and sustained immune responses in women aged 15-55 years, with antibody levels remaining several-fold higher than natural infection levels for at least 4 years after the first vaccine dose. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.


Schwarz T.F.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Huang L.-M.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Medina D.M.R.,Organizacin Para El Desarrollo y la Investigacin Salud en Honduras | Valencia A.,Fundacin Santa Fe de Bogot | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Adolescent Health | Year: 2012

Purpose: Long-term immunogenicity and safety of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine when administered to adolescent girls was evaluated. Methods: This open-label, follow-up study (NCT00316706) was conducted in 31 centers in Taiwan, Germany, Honduras, Panama, and Colombia. In the initial study (NCT00196924), 1,035 girls aged 1014 years received the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine at 0, 1, and 6 months. Here, geometric mean titers (GMTs) of antibodies against HPV-16, HPV-18, and monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a component of the AS04 Adjuvant System, were reported up to month 48. Results: In the according-to-protocol immunogenicity cohort (N = 563), GMTs at month 48 in initially seronegative participants were 2,374.9 (95% confidence interval: 2,205.72,557.0) EL.U/mL for anti-HPV-16 and 864.8 (796.9938.4) EL.U/mL for anti-HPV-18, that is, six- and threefold higher than the plateau level in a reference study demonstrating vaccine efficacy in young women (age, 1525 years). All participants remained seropositive for anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 at month 48. Most participants (81.8%) were seropositive for anti-MPL antibodies before vaccination. Anti-MPL antibody titers in initially seropositive participants increased initially, and then declined. Most initially seronegative participants for anti-MPL seroconverted; 69.6% remained seropositive at month 48, with anti-MPL antibody titers similar to the natural background level. The vaccine was generally well tolerated. No serious adverse events were considered related to vaccination. Conclusions: In adolescent girls, the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine produces anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 antibody titers that are maintained for up to 4 years at higher levels than those in young women in whom vaccine efficacy against cervical lesions was demonstrated. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine.


Chlibek R.,University of Hradec Kralove | Smetana J.,University of Hradec Kralove | Pauksens K.,Uppsala University | Rombo L.,Clinical Research Center | And 7 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2014

Background: This study investigated the safety and immunogenicity of different formulations and schedules of a candidate subunit herpes zoster vaccine containing varicella-zoster virus glycoprotein E (gE) with or without the adjuvant system AS01B. Methods: In this phase II, single-blind, randomized, controlled study, adults aged ≥60years (N=714) received one dose of 100μggE/AS01B, two doses, two months apart, of 25, 50, or 100μggE/AS01B, or two doses of unadjuvanted 100μggE/saline. Frequencies of CD4+ T cells expressing ≥2 activation markers following induction with gE were measured by intracellular cytokine staining and serum anti-gE antibody concentrations by ELISA. Results: Frequencies of gE-specific CD4+ T cells were >3-fold higher after two doses of all gE/AS01B formulations than after one dose of 100μggE/AS01B or two doses of 100μggE/saline. Frequencies were comparable after two doses of 25, 50, or 100μggE/AS01B. Serum anti-gE antibody concentrations were comparable after two doses of 50 or 100μggE/AS01B and higher than in the other groups. Immune responses persisted for at least 36 months. Reactogenicities of all gE/AS01B formulations were similar but greater than with gE/saline. Conclusions: The three formulations of gE/AS01B were immunogenic and well tolerated in adults aged ≥60years. Two vaccinations with gE/AS01B induced higher immune responses than one and the dose of gE impacted humoral but not cellular immune responses (NCT00434577). © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Schwarz T.F.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Huang L.-M.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Lin T.-Y.,Chang Gung University | Wittermann C.,Praxis fur Kinder und Jugendmedizin | And 5 more authors.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Year: 2014

Background: Immunogenicity and safety of the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine were evaluated up to 6 years postvaccination (month 72) in preteen/adolescent girls. Methods: Participants, who had received 3 HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine doses at 10-14 years of age in an initial controlled, observerblinded, randomized study (NCT00196924) and participated in the open 3-year follow-up (NCT00316706), were invited to continue the follow-up for up to 10 years postvaccination (NCT00877877). Anti-HPV-16 and -18 antibody titers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays at yearly visits and were used to fit the modified power-law and piecewise models, predicting long-term immunogenicity. Serious adverse events (SAEs) and pregnancy information were recorded. Results: In the according-to-protocol immunogenicity cohort, all participants (N = 505) with data available remained seropositive for anti-HPV-16 and -18 antibodies at month 72. In initially seronegative participants, anti-HPV-16 and -18 antibody geometric mean titers were 65.8- and 33.0-fold higher than those associated with natural infection (NCT00122681) and 5.0- and 2.5-fold higher than those measured at month 69-74 in a study demonstrating vaccine efficacy in women aged 15-25 years (NCT00120848). Exploratory antibody modeling, based on the 6-year data, predicted that vaccine-induced population anti-HPV-16 and -18 antibody geometric mean titers would remain above those associated with natural infection for at least 20 years postvaccination. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine safety profile was clinically acceptable. Conclusions: In preteen/adolescent girls, the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine induced high anti-HPV-16 and -18 antibody levels up to 6 years postvaccination, which were predicted to remain above those induced by natural infection for at least 20 years. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.


Romanowski B.,University of Alberta | Schwarz T.F.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Ferguson L.M.,Colchester Research Group | Ferguson M.,Colchester Research Group | And 9 more authors.
Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics | Year: 2014

This randomized, partially-blind study (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number NCT00541970) evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of 2-dose (2D) schedules of the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine. Results to month (M) 24 have been reported previously and we now report data to M48 focusing on the licensed vaccine formulation (20 μg each of HPV-16 and -18 antigens) administered at M0,6 compared with the standard 3-dose (3D) schedule (M0,1,6). Healthy females (age stratified: 9-14, 15-19, 20-25 years) were randomized to receive 2D at M0,6 (n = 240) or 3D at M0,1,6 (n = 239). In the according-to-protocol immunogenicity cohort, all initially seronegative subjects seroconverted for HPV-16 and -18 antibodies and remained seropositive up to M48. For both HPV-16 and -18, geometric mean antibody titer (GMT) ratios (3D schedule in women aged 15-25 years divided by 2D schedule in girls aged 9-14 years) at M36 and M48 were close to 1, as they were at M7 when non-inferiority was demonstrated. The kinetics of HPV-16, -18, -31, and -45 antibody responses were similar for both groups and HPV-16 and -18 GMTs were substantially higher than natural infection titers. The vaccine had a clinically acceptable safety profile in both groups. In summary, antibody responses to a 2D M0,6 schedule of the licensed vaccine formulation in girls aged 9-14 years appeared comparable to the standard 3D schedule in women aged 15-25 years up to 4 years after first vaccination. A 2D schedule could facilitate implementation of HPV vaccination programs and improve vaccine coverage and series completion rates. © 2014 Landes Bioscience.


Schwarz T.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Spaczynski M.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Kaufmann A.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Wysocki J.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | And 5 more authors.
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Year: 2015

Objective Evaluation of the long-term HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine immunogenicity persistence in women. Design Multicentre, open-label, long-term follow-up (NCT00947115) of a primary phase-III study (NCT00196937). Setting Six centres in Germany and Poland. Population 488 healthy women (aged 15-55 years, age-stratified into groups: 15-25, 26-45, and 46-55 years) who received three vaccine doses in the primary study. Methods Immune responses were evaluated in serum and cervicovaginal secretion (CVS) samples 6 years after dose 1. Anti-HPV-16/18 geometric mean titres (GMTs) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and were used to fit the modified power-law and piecewise models, predicting long-term immunogenicity. Serious adverse events (SAEs) were recorded. Main outcome measures Anti-HPV-16/18 seropositivity rates and GMTs 6 years after dose 1. Results At 6 years after dose 1, all women were seropositive for anti-HPV-16 and ≥97% were seropositive for anti-HPV-18 antibodies. GMTs ranged from 277.7 to 1344.6 EU/ml, and from 97.6 to 438.2 EU/ml, for anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18, respectively. In all age groups, GMTs were higher (anti-HPV-16, 9.3-45.1-fold; anti-HPV-18, 4.3-19.4-fold) than levels associated with natural infection (29.8 EU/ml). A strong correlation between serum and CVS anti-HPV-16/18 levels was observed, with correlation coefficients of 0.81-0.96 (anti-HPV-16) and 0.69-0.84 (anti-HPV-18). Exploratory modelling based on the 6-year data predicted vaccine-induced anti-HPV-16/18 levels above natural infection levels for at least 20 years, except for anti-HPV-18 in the older age group (piecewise model). One vaccine-related and two fatal SAEs were reported. Conclusions At 6 years after vaccination, immune responses induced by the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine were sustained in all age groups. © 2014 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.


Schwarz T.F.,Central Laboratory and Vaccination Center | Flamaing J.,University Hospitals | Rumke H.C.,Vaxinostics | Penzes J.,Konszenzus Plusz Kft | And 7 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2011

This randomized, double-blind study evaluated concomitant administration of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) in adults aged ≥65 years who were naïve to 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Patients (N= 1160) were randomized 1:1 to receive PCV13. +. TIV followed by placebo, or Placebo. +. TIV followed by PCV13 at 0 and 1 months, with blood draws at 0, 1, and 2 months. Slightly lower pneumococcal serotype-specific anticapsular polysaccharide immunoglobulin G geometric mean concentrations were observed with PCV13. +. TIV relative to PCV13. Concomitant PCV13. +. TIV demonstrates acceptable immunogenicity and safety compared with either agent given alone. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Gillard P.,Glaxosmithkline | Caplanusi A.,Glaxosmithkline | Knuf M.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | Roman F.,Glaxosmithkline | And 4 more authors.
Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses | Year: 2013

Background Long-term persistence of immune response and safety of an H5N1 prepandemic influenza vaccine adjuvanted with AS03 (an α-tocopherol oil-in-water emulsion-based adjuvant system) was evaluated using various prime-boost schedules that mimicked potential pandemic scenarios (NCT00430521). Methods Five hundred and twelve healthy adults aged 18-60years received primary vaccination with one or two doses (0, 21days schedule) of the A/Vietnam/1194/2004 H5N1 vaccine followed by a booster dose (A/Vietnam/1194/2004 or A/Indonesia/05/2005 strain) six or twelve months later across eight randomized groups. Immunogenicity results by hemagglutination inhibition [HI] assay, microneutralization assay, and the cell-mediated immune response (CMI) are reported here for the four groups boosted at Month 12. Results A one-dose-adjuvanted primary administration followed 12months later by a single-adjuvanted booster dose containing a heterologous vaccine strain met or exceeded all US and European criteria for both strains. Increasing the interval between the first and second dose (from 21days to 12months) resulted in stronger cross-reactive immune responses against the A/Indonesia/05/2005 strain. The HI antibody response against the two strains persisted for 6months after the booster dose irrespective of the booster vaccine's strain. The neutralizing antibody responses and the CMI observed in the study population paralleled the HI immune response. Overall, the vaccine had a clinically acceptable safety profile. Conclusion The H5N1 vaccine in this study allowed for flexibility in the time interval between primary and booster vaccination and the use of a heterologous strain without impacting the strength of the humoral and cellular immune response to both vaccine strains. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


A randomized, double-blind clinical trial compared immune responses elicited by concomitant administration of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (PCV13. +. TIV), with PCV13 given 1 month after TIV, in healthy, pneumococcal vaccine-naïve adults aged ≥65 years. Serotype-specific pneumococcal anti-polysaccharide IgG antibody concentrations 1-month post-vaccination were uniformly lower after PCV13. +. TIV, than after PCV13 alone (Vaccine 2011;29:5195-202). Therefore, post hoc analyses to evaluate the functional antibody titers at 1-month post-vaccination, as measured by opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) assays, were performed. The anti-pneumococcal functional responses, while also generally lower after vaccine co-administration, nonetheless showed a greater degree of similarity between the two vaccine groups than was apparent from the anti-polysaccharide antibody responses. In particular, the proportion of OPA responders after PCV13 and TIV co-administration was similar to that observed after PCV13 alone for all serotypes evaluated. Concomitant use of PCV13 and TIV should therefore be guided by clinical circumstances. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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