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Mishra S.,Central Institute of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants | Sangwan R.S.,Central Institute of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants | Bansal S.,Central Institute of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants | Sangwan N.S.,Central Institute of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants
Protoplasma | Year: 2013

An efficient and reproducible Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Withania coagulans was achieved using leaf explants of in vitro multiple shoot culture. The Agrobacterium strain LBA4404 harboring the binary vector pIG121Hm containing β-glucuronidase gene (gusA) under the control of CaMV35S promoter was used in the development of transformation protocol. The optimal conditions for the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of W. coagulans were found to be the co-cultivation of leaf explants for 20 min to agrobacterial inoculum (O. D. 0.4) followed by 3 days of co-cultivation on medium supplemented with 100 μM acetosyringone. Shoot bud induction as well as differentiation occurred on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 10.0 μM 6-benzylaminopurine, 8.0 μM indole 3-acetic acid, and 50.0 mgl-1 kanamycin after three consecutive cycles of selection. Elongated shoots were rooted using a two-step procedure involving root induction in a medium containing 2. 5 μM indole 3-butyric acid for 1 week and then transferred to hormone free one-half MS basal for 2 weeks. We were successful in achieving 100 % frequency of transient GUS expression with 5 % stable transformation efficiency using optimized conditions. PCR analysis of T0 transgenic plants showed the presence of gusA and nptII genes confirming the transgenic event. Histochemical GUS expression was observed in the putative transgenic W. coagulans plants. Thin layer chromatography showed the presence of similar type of withanolides in the transgenic and non-transgenic regenerated plants. A. tumefaciens mediated transformation system via leaf explants developed in this study will be useful for pathway manipulation using metabolic engineering for bioactive withanolides in W. coagulans, an important medicinal plant. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

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