Time filter

Source Type

Plzeň, Czech Republic

Polivka J.,Charles University | Rohan V.,Charles University | Pesta M.,Charles University | Repik T.,Charles University | And 2 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Introduction. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant primary brain tumor in adults. Recent whole-genome studies revealed novel GBM prognostic biomarkers such as mutations in metabolic enzyme IDH - isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDH1 and IDH2). The distinctive mutation IDH1 R132H was uncovered to be a strong prognostic biomarker for glioma patients. We investigated the prognostic role of IDH1 R132H mutation in GBM patients in West Bohemia. Methods. The IDH1 R132H mutation was assessed by the RT-PCR in the tumor samples from 45 GBM patients treated in the Faculty Hospital in Pilsen and was correlated with the progression free and overall survival. Results. The IDH1 R132H mutation was identified in 20 from 44 GBM tumor samples (45.4%). The majority of mutated tumors were secondary GBMs (16 in 18, 89.9%). Low frequency of IDH1 mutations was observed in primary GBMs (4 in 26, 15.3%). Patients with IDH R132H mutation had longer PFS, 136 versus 51 days (P < 0.021, Wilcoxon), and OS, 270 versus 130 days (P < 0.024, Wilcoxon test). Summary. The prognostic value of IDH1 R132H mutation in GBM patients was verified. Patients with mutation had significantly longer PFS and OS than patients with wild-type IDH1 and suffered more likely from secondary GBMs. © 2014 J. Polivka et al.

Polivka J.,Charles University | Karlikova M.,Central Immunoanalytical Laboratory | Topolcan O.,Central Immunoanalytical Laboratory
EPMA Journal | Year: 2014

The main goal of personalized medicine is the individualized approach to the patient's treatment. It could be achieved only by the integration of the complexity of novel findings in diverse " omics" disciplines, new methods of medical imaging, as well as implementation of reliable biomarkers into the medical care. The implementation of personalized medicine into clinical practice is dependent on the adaptation of pre-graduate and post-graduate medical education to these principles. The situation in the education of personalized medicine in the Czech Republic is analyzed together with novel educational tools that are currently established in our country. The EPMA representatives in the Czech Republic in cooperation with the working group of professionals at the Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University in Prague have implemented the survey of personalized medicine awareness among students of Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen-the " Personalized Medicine Questionnaire" . The results showed lacking knowledge of personalized medicine principles and students' will of education in this domain. Therefore, several educational activities addressed particularly to medical students and young physicians were realized at our facility with very positive evaluation. These educational activities (conferences, workshops, seminars, e-learning and special courses in personalized medicine (PM)) will be a part of pre-graduate and post-graduate medical education, will be extended to other medical faculties in our country. The " Summer School of Personalized Medicine in Plzen 2015" will be organized at the Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital in Pilsen as the first event on this topic in the Czech Republic. © 2014 Polivka et al.

Kalfert D.,Charles University | Ludvikova M.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Topolcan O.,Central Immunoanalytical Laboratory | Windrichova J.,Central Immunoanalytical Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2014

Background: Head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) includes tumors of various anatomical sites sharing common etiological factors. Serum levels of MMP1, MMP2, and MMP9 were analyzed in patients with oropharyngeal, laryngeal, and hypopharyngeal carcinomas in an effort to elucidate the pathobiology and in order to find useful biomarkers of site-specific HNSCC. Patients and Methods: The study group comprised of 46 patients with HNSCC (21 with oropharyngeal, 21 with laryngeal and 4 with hypopharyngeal cancer). Serum levels of MMP1, -2, and -9 were determined by the MAGPIX multiplex method. P16 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry. Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were correlated with clinicopathological features of carcinomas and were compared with respect to tumor site. Results: Significant correlations were confirmed between p16 positivity and oropharyngeal cancer, MMP1 and p16 positivity, and recurrence and smoking. Statistically significant differences in serum levels of MMPs between cancer of different locations were not found. Conclusion: MMP1 expression is significantly affected by smoking habit and by p16 and might mediate etiopathogenetical process in cancerogenesis of HNSCC. Our pilot study did not establish any utility of MMP1, -2, or -9 in clinical practice as diagnostic/prognostic markers.

Kalfert D.,University of Hradec Kralove | Pesta M.,Charles University | Pesta M.,Central Immunoanalytical Laboratory | Kulda V.,Charles University | And 5 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2015

Background/Aim: MicroRNAs (miRs) are non-coding RNA molecules regulating diverse cellular processes essential in carcinogenesis. Little is known regarding miRs in head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). The aim of the present study was to investigate miRs in relation to the clinico pathological features of site-specific HNSCC. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of 51 patients with HNSCC (23 oropha ryngeal, 24 laryngeal and 4 hypopha ryngeal carcinomas). Total RNA was extracted from tumor tissue and normal squamous epithelium using the miRNeasy FFPE Kit. A quantitative estimation of let-7a, miR-21, miR-200c, miR-34a, miR-375 was performed by a real-time poly merase chain reaction (PCR) method using the TagMan® MicroRNA assay. Additionally, p16 expression was detected by immuno histo chemistry. Results: Significant differences of let-7a, miR-200c, miR-34a levels between oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancers were found (p<0.05). Compared to non-neoplastic tissues, miR-21, miR-200c, miR-34a were up-regulated and miR-375 was down-regulated in tumors of all sites. MiR-34a tumor levels significantly correlated with oropharyngeal origin (p=0.0284) and p16 positivity (p=0.0218). Conclusion: The microRNA profile seems to play a potential role in the pathobiology of oropharyngeal and laryngeal HNSCC. Up-regulation of miR34a in p16-positive oropharyngeal cancer has not been so far described and additional studies are warranted.

Discover hidden collaborations