Central Hospital of Zhabei District

Shanghai, China

Central Hospital of Zhabei District

Shanghai, China
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Lu A.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Li H.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Li H.,Shandong Normal University | Niu J.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Immunology | Year: 2017

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune syndrome associated with severe organ damage resulting from the activation of immune cells. Recently, a role for caspase-1 in murine lupus was described, indicating an involvement of inflammasomes in the development of SLE. Among multiple inflammasomes identified, the NLRP3 inflammasome was connected to diverse diseases, including autoimmune encephalomyelitis. However, the function of NLRP3 in SLE development remains elusive. In this study, we explored the role of NLRP3 in the development of SLE using the pristane-induced experimental lupus model. It was discovered that more severe lupus-like syndrome developed in Nlrp3-R258W mice carrying the gain-offunction mutation. Nlrp3-R258W mutant mice exhibited significantly higher mortality upon pristane challenge. Moreover, prominent hypercellularity and interstitial nephritis were evident in the glomeruli of Nlrp3-R258W mice. In addition, hyperactivation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in this mouse line resulted in proteinuria and mesangial destruction. Importantly, all of these phenotypes were largely attributed to the Nlrp3-R258W mutation expressed in myeloid cells, because Cre recombinase-mediated depletion of this mutant from such cells rescued mice from experimental lupus. Taken together, our study demonstrates a critical role for NLRP3 in the development of SLE and suggests that modulating the inflammasome signal may help to control the inflammatory damage in autoimmune diseases, including lupus. Copyright © 2017 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.


Li Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wang K.,Central Hospital of Zhabei District | Yin S.K.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zheng H.L.,Shanghai University | Min D.L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2016

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is closely associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which can be monitored by the levels of Rta protein antibody IgG (Rta-IgG), early antigen antibody (EA-IgG), and viral capsid antibody (VCA-IgA). In the present study, we investigated the serum levels of Rta-IgG, EA-IgG, and VCA-IgA in nasopharyngeal cancer patients, and the diagnostic value of a combined assay that includes these antibodies in addition to the EBV-DNA. A total of 56 nasopharyngeal cancer patients were recruited as the study population, along with 48 benign rhinitis patients and 42 healthy individuals. Serum EA-IgG, Rta-IgG, and VCA-IgA levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and EBV-DNA was quantified with PCR. The diagnostic value of these indices was further evaluated by ROC curve analysis. The expression levels of EA-IgG, Rta-IgG, VCA-IgA, and EBV-DNA were elevated in the nasopharyngeal cancer patients, who had higher levels of these antibodies than those in the rhinitis patients, followed by the healthy individuals. These indices were also increased with advanced TNM stage. The overall diagnostic efficacy was ranked as follows: VCA-IgA, Rta-IgA, EA-IgA, and EBV-DNA. The combined diagnosis using these four indices increased the sensitivity to 98.21% and the negative predictive value to 98.61%, without any significant compromise on the test specificity. In conclusion, EA-IgG, Rta-IgG, VCA-IgA, and EBV-DNA expression levels were elevated in nasopharyngeal patients. The combined diagnostic value of these serum indices has important implications in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. © FUNPEC-RP.


PubMed | Central Hospital of Zhabei District, Shanghai JiaoTong University and Shanghai University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2016

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is closely associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which can be monitored by the levels of Rta protein antibody IgG (Rta-IgG), early antigen antibody (EA-IgG), and viral capsid antibody (VCA-IgA). In the present study, we investigated the serum levels of Rta-IgG, EA-IgG, and VCA-IgA in nasopharyngeal cancer patients, and the diagnostic value of a combined assay that includes these antibodies in addition to the EBV-DNA. A total of 56 nasopharyngeal cancer patients were recruited as the study population, along with 48 benign rhinitis patients and 42 healthy individuals. Serum EA-IgG, Rta-IgG, and VCA-IgA levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and EBV-DNA was quantified with PCR. The diagnostic value of these indices was further evaluated by ROC curve analysis. The expression levels of EA-IgG, Rta-IgG, VCA-IgA, and EBV-DNA were elevated in the nasopharyngeal cancer patients, who had higher levels of these antibodies than those in the rhinitis patients, followed by the healthy individuals. These indices were also increased with advanced TNM stage. The overall diagnostic efficacy was ranked as follows: VCA-IgA, Rta-IgA, EA-IgA, and EBV-DNA. The combined diagnosis using these four indices increased the sensitivity to 98.21% and the negative predictive value to 98.61%, without any significant compromise on the test specificity. In conclusion, EA-IgG, Rta-IgG, VCA-IgA, and EBV-DNA expression levels were elevated in nasopharyngeal patients. The combined diagnostic value of these serum indices has important implications in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Zhang Q.,Tongji University | Luo Q.,Tongji University | Yuan X.,Tongji University | Chai L.,Tongji University | And 3 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2017

Epidemiological data has demonstrated that particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm (PM2.5) is associated with cancer incidence. However, the precise mechanisms underlying PM2.5-mediated hepatocellular carcinoma cancer (HCC) migration and invasion remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the response of the HCC cell lines HepG2 and HuH-7 to PM2.5 exposure. The results revealed that PM2.5 treatment promoted the migration and invasion of HCC cells, in addition to increasing protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13. Additionally, PM2.5 induced intracellular reactive oxygen species formation in HCC cells. Further investigation revealed that phosphorylation of RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT) increased in response to PM2.5 exposure in HCC cells, and the AKT antagonist LY294002 reduced PM2.5-induced migration, invasion and MMP-13 expression. In addition, the data from the present study demonstrated that high concentrations of PM2.5 decreased the proliferation of normal HL7702 hepatocyte cells and promoted apoptosis. These results indicate that the activation of AKT by PM2.5 results in MMP-13 overexpression, and stimulates HCC cell migration and invasion. In conclusion, the results from the present study demonstrate that PM2.5 promotes HCC development and elucidate a potential underlying molecular mechanism for this effect. © 2017, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Shu W.,Central Hospital of Zhabei District | Liu J.-Y.,Shanghai University | Yang D.-S.,Tongji University
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: To prepare tripterygium wilfordii multi-glucoside nanoemulsion and investigate its content, physical and chemical properties. Its transdermal properties in vitro were studied as well. METHODS: IPM was used as oil phase, lecithin/APG as surfactant, and 1,2-propanediol as cosurfactant. Water was added dropwisely to the oil phase using magnetic stirring at room temperature. HPLC method was used to determine the content of tripterygium wilfordii lactone armor in the nanoemulsion. Transmission electron microscopy and laser particle size analyzer were used to determine the shape and size of the nanoemulsion. Franz diffusion cell was used for the nanoemulsion transdermal characteristics in vitro. RESULTS: The Tripterygium wilfordii multi-glucoside nanoemulsion was O/W nanoemulsion. Its uniform particle size is 31.6 nm with round appearance and stable content. The steady-state permeation rate was 14.454 ng·cm -2·h -1 and 12 h cumulative amount of penetration was 166.267 ng·cm -2. CONCLUSION: Tripterygium wilfordii multi-glucoside nanoemulsion has good transdermal characteristics in vitro. Which is a new dosage form for transdermal drug delivery.


Fan Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Liu Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Xue K.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Gu G.,Central Hospital of Zhabei District | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Obesity is a complex metabolic disease that is a serious detriment to both children and adult health, which induces a variety of diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, hypertension and cancer. Although adverse effects of obesity on female reproduction or oocyte development have been well recognized, its harmfulness to male fertility is still unclear because of reported conflicting results. The aim of this study was to determine whether diet-induced obesity impairs male fertility and furthermore to uncover its underlying mechanisms. Thus, male C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks served as a model of diet-induced obesity. The results clearly show that the percentage of sperm motility and progressive motility significantly decreased, whereas the proportion of teratozoospermia dramatically increased in HFD mice compared to those in normal diet fed controls. Besides, the sperm acrosome reaction fell accompanied by a decline in testosterone level and an increase in estradiol level in the HFD group. This alteration of sperm function parameters strongly indicated that the fertility of HFD mice was indeed impaired, which was also validated by a low pregnancy rate in their mated normal female. Moreover, testicular morphological analyses revealed that seminiferous epithelia were severely atrophic, and cell adhesions between spermatogenic cells and Sertoli cells were loosely arranged in HFD mice. Meanwhile, the integrity of the blood-testis barrier was severely interrupted consistent with declines in the tight junction related proteins, occludin, ZO-1 and androgen receptor, but instead endocytic vesicle-associated protein, clathrin rose. Taken together, obesity can impair male fertility through declines in the sperm function parameters, sex hormone level, whereas during spermatogenesis damage to the blood-testis barrier (BTB) integrity may be one of the crucial underlying factors accounting for this change. © 2015 Fan et al.


PubMed | Central Hospital of Zhabei District, Shandong Normal University, Xinjiang Medical University and CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai
Type: | Journal: Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) | Year: 2016

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune syndrome associated with severe organ damage resulting from the activation of immune cells. Recently, a role for caspase-1 in murine lupus was described, indicating an involvement of inflammasomes in the development of SLE. Among multiple inflammasomes identified, the NLRP3 inflammasome was connected to diverse diseases, including autoimmune encephalomyelitis. However, the function of NLRP3 in SLE development remains elusive. In this study, we explored the role of NLRP3 in the development of SLE using the pristane-induced experimental lupus model. It was discovered that more severe lupus-like syndrome developed in Nlrp3


Zhao J.-S.,Tongji University | Zhu F.-S.,Tongji University | Liu S.,Central Hospital of Zhabei District | Yang C.-Q.,Tongji University | Chen X.-M.,Tongji University
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2012

Background Pioglitazone is effective in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but the mechanisms of action are not completely understood. This study was designed to investigate the effects of pioglitazone on hepatic nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and cyclooxygenases-2 (COX-2) expression in NASH rats. Methods Thirty Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly assigned to a control group (n=10), NASH group (n=10), and pioglitazone treatment group (n=10). Liver tissues were processed for histology by hematoxylin & eosin and Masson stained. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS) levels and biochemical parameters of antioxidant enzyme activities, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels in serum and liver were measured. The mRNA and protein expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), NF-κB and COX-2 were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Wilcoxon's signed-rank test was used for the statistical analysis. Results There were severe steatosis, moderate inflammatory cellular infiltration and fibrosis in NASH rats. After pioglitazone treatment, steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis were significantly improved compared with the NASH group (χ2=20.40, P <0.001; χ2=20.17, P <0.001; χ2=13.98, P=0.002). Serum ALT, cholesterol, triglyceride, FBG, FINS levels were significantly elevated in the NASH group (P <0.05). In the NASH group, total anti-oxidation competence (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in serum and liver were conspicuous disordered than those parameters in the control group. Meanwhile, TNF-α and PGE2 levels in serum and liver were significantly increased compared with the control group. Immunohistochemistry showed NF-κB and COX-2 expression in liver was significantly elevated. However, PPARγ level was decreased in the NASH group. Real-time PCR and Western blotting revealed mRNA and protein expression of COX-2 were increased in the NASH group compared with the control group (0.57±0.08 vs. 2.83±0.24; 0.38±0.03 vs. 1.00±0.03, P <0.001 and P=0.004, respectively). After pioglitazone intervention, all of those parameters markedly improved (P <0.05 or P <0.01). Conclusion Down-regulating hepatic NF-κB and COX-2 expression, at least in part, is one of the possible therapeutic mechanisms of pioglitazone in NASH rats.


Qin W.,Nanjing University | Xu Z.,Nanjing University | Lu Y.,Central Hospital of Zhabei District | Zeng C.,Nanjing University | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

To investigate the injury effects of organic solvents on kidney, an animal model of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats treated with mixed organic solvents via inhalation was generated and characterized. The mixed organic solvents consisted of gasoline, dimethylbenzene and formaldehyde (GDF) in the ratio of 2:2:1, and were used at 12,000 PPM to treat the rats twice a day, each for 3 hours. Proteinuria appeared in the rats after exposure for 5-6 weeks. The incidences of proteinuria in male and female rats after exposure for 12 weeks were 43.8% (7/16) and 25% (4/16), respectively. Urinary N-Acetyl-β-(D)-Glucosaminidase (NAG) activity was increased significantly after exposure for 4 weeks. Histological examination revealed remarkable injuries in the proximal renal tubules, including tubular epithelial cell detachment, cloud swelling and vacuole formation in the proximal tubular cells, as well as proliferation of parietal epithelium and tubular reflux in glomeruli. Ultrastructural examination found that brush border and cytoplasm of tubular epithelial cell were dropped, that tubular epithelial cells were partially disintegrated, and that the mitochondria of tubular epithelial cells were degenerated and lost. In addition to tubular lesions, glomerular damages were also observed, including segmental foot process fusion and loss of foot process covering on glomerular basement membrane (GBM). Immunofluorescence staining indicated that the expression of nephrin and podocin were both decreased after exposure of GDF. In contrast, increased expression of desmin, a marker of podocyte injury, was found in some areas of a glomerulus. TUNEL staining showed that GDF induced apoptosis in tubular cells and glomerular cells. These studies demonstrate that GDF can induce both severe proximal tubular damage and podocyte injury in rats, and the tubular lesions appear earlier than that of glomeruli. © 2012 Qin et al.


PubMed | Central Hospital of Zhabei District and Tongji University
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2016

To investigate the effect of PPAR agonist 15d-PGJ2 treatment on the microglia activation and neurological deficit of ischemia reperfusion in diabetic rat model, adult Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed for the research. The rats were randomly categorized into four groups: (1) sham-operated group; (2) standard ischemia group; (3) diabetic ischemia group; (4) diabetic ischemia group with diabetes and treated with 15d-PGJ2. Compared to the sham-operated group, all the ischemic groups have significantly severer neurological deficits, more TNF- and IL-1 expression, increased labeling of apoptotic cells, increased CD68 positive staining of brain lesion, and increased volume of infarct and cerebral edema in both 24 hours and 7 days after reperfusion. Interestingly, reduced neurological deficits, decreased TNF- and IL-1 expression, less apoptotic cells and CD68 positive staining, and alleviated infarct and cerebral edema volume were observed when 15d-PGJ2 was intraperitoneally injected after reperfusion in diabetic ischemia group, suggesting its neuroprotective role in regulating microglia activation, which may have a therapeutic application in the future.

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