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Teekkarikylä, Finland

Mustila T.,Central Hospital of Seinajoki | Raitanen J.,UKK Institute for Health Promotion | Raitanen J.,University of Tampere | Keskinen P.,University of Tampere | And 4 more authors.
BMJ Open | Year: 2012

Objective: To investigate the effect of intensified lifestyle counselling targeting infants' mothers on offspring weight development during the first 4 years of life. Design and setting: Follow-up of a clusterrandomised controlled trial in primary care child health clinics during 2004-2006 in Finland. Participants received a follow-up survey during 2010 concerning weight and height measurements of their offspring. Number of clusters was six and the response rate to the follow-up 71.9% (N=64/89). Participants: The participants (N=89) were mothers of infants aged 2-10 months. Intervention: The intervention included individual counselling on diet and physical activity when the infant was 2-10 months of age and an option to attend supervised group exercise sessions. Primary and secondary outcome measures: The authors analysed the secondary outcome of the intervention study: the weight development of the offspring. The primary outcome was the proportion of women returning to their prepregnancy weight by 10 months post partum, reported earlier. Results: Multilevel mixed effect non-linear regression models included group, age of the child and interaction between group and age of the child. The increase of BMI z-score between 24 and 48 months was slower among the intervention group offspring (-0.034 to -0.002, p=0.028) as compared with control group. Z-scores for weight-for-length/height did not differ between groups when the period 0-48 months was analysed (p=0.23) but for the period of 24-48 months, between-group differences were significant (p=0.012). Conclusions: Lifestyle counselling targeting mothers during the child's first year may be effective in slowing offspring weight gain until 4 years of age. However, larger studies are needed to confirm the findings which may have the potential in combatting the obesity epidemic.

Jakkula E.,University of Helsinki | Jakkula E.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | Jakkula E.,The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard | Leppa V.,University of Helsinki | And 42 more authors.
American Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2010

Genetic risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to involve both common and rare risk alleles. Recent GWAS and subsequent meta-analysis have established the critical role of the HLA locus and identified new common variants associated to MS. These variants have small odds ratios (ORs) and explain only a fraction of the genetic risk. To expose potentially rare, high-impact alleles, we conducted a GWAS of 68 distantly related cases and 136 controls from a high-risk internal isolate of Finland with increased prevalence and familial occurrence of MS. The top 27 loci with p < 10-4 were tested in 711 cases and 1029 controls from Finland, and the top two findings were validated in 3859 cases and 9110 controls from more heterogeneous populations. SNP (rs744166) within the STAT3 gene was associated to MS (p = 2.75 × 10-10, OR 0.87, confidence interval 0.83-0.91). The protective haplotype for MS in STAT3 is a risk allele for Crohn disease, implying that STAT3 represents a shared risk locus for at least two autoimmune diseases. This study also demonstrates the potential of special isolated populations in search for variants contributing to complex traits. © 2010 The American Society of Human Genetics.

Rantanen T.,Central Hospital of Seinajoki | Rantanen T.,University of Tampere | Kauttu T.,University of Helsinki | Akerla J.,University of Tampere | And 5 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

CIP2A is overexpressed in many cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The regulation of c-MYC and CIP2A expression is characterized by a positive feedback mechanism facilitating the expression of both of them and accelerating cancer cell proliferation in gastric cancer. Increased CIP2A expression is a predictor of poor survival in some cancers. The incidence of positive CIP2A immunostaining and its association with c-MYC and its predictive value in esophageal adenocarcinoma are unknown. All esophageal adenocarcinoma patients from 1990 to 2007 with sufficient material for analysis of CIP2A and c-MYC in two university hospitals were included in the study. In addition, biopsies from Barrett's epithelium from the cancer patients and control tissue from normal esophageal mucosa adjacent to the tumor were included. CIP2A was moderately or strongly positive in 77.9 %, and c-MYC in 93.8 % of the cancer specimens. These frequencies were statistically different from the expression in normal esophageal epithelium. In addition, there was a positive correlation between CIP2A and c-MYC expression (p = 0.018). According to adjusted Cox regression survival analysis, CIP2A and c-MYC had no effect on survival. However, among patients with stage IVA-IVB cancer, there was a trend toward poor prognosis in CIP2Apositive patients. The expression of CIP2A and c-MYC was associated with each other, and their overexpression was found in most cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma. However, CIP2A and c-MYC had no effect on survival. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.

Koskela A.,University of Tampere | Kotaluoto S.,University of Tampere | Kaartinen I.,University of Tampere | Pauniaho S.-L.,University of Tampere | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery | Year: 2014

Background: Acute appendicitis is the most common reason for abdominal surgery in young adults and children. Open appendectomy is still the treatment often chosen because it is simple, safe, and effective. Our aim was to study whether cosmetic results of appendectomy wounds are better after using continuous absorbable intradermal (A) sutures compared with wound closure with interrupted nonabsorbable (NA) sutures. Methods: A total of 206 adult patients with clinically suspected appendicitis were allocated to the study and prospectively randomized into two wound-closure groups: the interrupted NA suture group and the A suture group. Of these, 193 patients with sufficient data were invited to the outpatient clinic for cosmetic analysis. Cosmetic results were evaluated after a median of 14 months. For subjective scar assessment, the Vancouver scar scale, the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS), and a visual analog scale (VAS) were used. Objective evaluation was carried out by measuring surface area, average width, and estimated concentration change (ECC) of hemoglobin and melanin in the scar using spectrocutometry. For statistical analyses we used the Mann-Whitney test and Student's t test. Results: Both objective and subjective analyses showed better cosmetic results for absorbable intradermal suturing. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant as regards POSAS in both patient (p = 0.032) and observer scales (p = 0.001), and VAS (p = 0.002). Scar surface area was significantly smaller in group A than in group NA (p = 0.002). ECC measurements showed higher values for melanin in group NA than in group A (p = 0.034). Conclusion: Continuous intradermal absorbable suturing yields a better cosmetic result than interrupted nonabsorbable suturing in lower abdominal transverse appendectomy. © 2013 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.

Rantanen T.,Central Hospital of Seinajoki | Rantanen T.,University of Tampere | Kiljander T.,Terveystalo Hospital | Salminen P.,University of Turku | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery | Year: 2013

Background: There are no prospective studies available on the behavior of extraesophageal and esophageal symptoms and treatment-related side effects in patients without effective antireflux medication, receiving the most effective antireflux medication, and after laparoscopic fundoplication. Methods: Extraesophageal and esophageal reflux symptoms and treatment-related side effects were assessed in 60 patients while they were on no effective antireflux medication (three-week washout period), after three month of treatment with double-dose esomeprazole, and 3 months after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Esophageal and extraesophageal reflux symptoms, rectal flatulence, and bloating were analyzed with the visual analog scale. In addition, dysphagia, rectal flatulence, and bloating were recorded as none, mild, moderate, or severe. Results: Both extraesophageal and esophageal reflux symptoms decreased after treatment with esomeprazole and were further reduced after fundoplication. Dysphagia and flatulence did not increase from baseline after surgery. Bloating decreased both after treatment with esomeprazole and after fundoplication. In contrast, dysphagia and increased flatus were found more often after surgery than during treatment with esomeprazole. Dysphagia and rectal flatulence were less common during treatment with esomeprazole than at baseline or after surgery. Conclusions: Both extraesophageal and esophageal reflux symptoms decreased after treatment with esomeprazole and were reduced further after fundoplication. Any treatment-related side effect was not increased after surgery when compared to baseline. However, compared to esomeprazole there was more dysphagia and flatulence after fundoplication. © 2013 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.

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