PubMed | Sun Yat Sen University and Central Hospital of Panyu District
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nutrients | Year: 2016
Many studies show that dietary factors may affect the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We examined the association between overall diet quality and NPC risk in a Chinese population. This case-control study included 600 NPC patients and 600 matched controls between 2009 and 2011 in Guangzhou, China. Habitual dietary intake and various covariates were assessed via face-to-face interviews. Diet quality scores were calculated according to the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), the alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI), the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I), and the alternate Mediterranean Diet Score (aMed). After adjustment for various lifestyle and dietary factors, greater diet quality scores on the HEI-2005, aHEI, and DQI-I-but not on the aMed-showed a significant association with a lower risk of NPC (p-trends, <0.001-0.001). The odds ratios (95% confidence interval) comparing the extreme quartiles of the three significant scores were 0.47 (0.32-0.68) (HEI-2005), 0.48 (0.33-0.70) (aHEI), and 0.43 (0.30-0.62) (DQI-I). In gender-stratified analyses, the favorable association remained significant in men but not in women. We found that adherence to the predefined dietary patterns represented by the HEI-2005, aHEI, and DQI-I scales predicted a lower risk of NPC in adults from south China, especially in men.
PubMed | First Peoples Hospital of Foshan, Eighth Peoples Hospital of Guangzhou and Central Hospital of Panyu District
Type: | Journal: Neuroscience | Year: 2016
The mechanism underlying neuropathic pain (NP) is complex and has not been fully elucidated. The TWIK-related spinal cord K
Luan S.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Min Y.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
Li G.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Lin C.,Sun Yat Sen University |
And 4 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2014
Study Design.: Translation and psychometric testing. Objective.: The study aims to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the STarT Back Screening Tool (STarT) in Chinese-speaking patients with low back pain (LBP) after translation and cultural adaptation. Summary of Background Data.: To date, no previous studies exist on the translation process and validation of the Chinese version of the STarT. Methods.: The procedure of translation, which included 6 stages, was performed according to the current recommended guidelines. Psychometric testing included face validity, test-retest reliability, and discriminant validity. A total of 307 patients completed a questionnaire booklet containing the Chinese version of the STarT, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia-17, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Seventy-four randomly selected patients were asked to finish the STarT a second time within 24 to 48 hours. The demographic characteristics and outcomes of psychometric testing were compared with the original English cohort. Results.: No items of the final version had reported ambiguity after the face validation and no floor or ceiling effects were noted. The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.933 (95% confidence interval, 0.896-0.957), demonstrating very good reliability. Discriminant validity was established, with area under curve results in the range from 0.751 to 0.893 (95% confidence interval, 0.697-0.930) in the Chinese cohort compared with 0.840 to 0.925 (95% confidence interval, 0.772-0.948) in the original English cohort. Conclusion.: The results confirm the successful translation and adaptation of the STarT into Chinese, with appropriate reliability and validity. Therefore, this version can be recommended for clinical and research use for Chinese patients with LBP. © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Zeng F.-F.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Xu C.-H.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Liu Y.-T.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Liu Y.-T.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014
Background:Intakes of choline and betaine have been inversely related to the risk of various neoplasms, but scant data exist on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We examined the association between consumption of choline and betaine and risk of NPC.Methods:We conducted a case-control study with 600 incident NPC patients and 600 controls 1: 1 matched by age, sex and household type in Guangdong, China. Dietary intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire through face-to-face interview.Results:Intakes of total choline, betaine and choline+betaine were inversely related to NPC after adjustment for various lifestyle and dietary factors (all P-trend <0.001). Adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for quartile 4 (vs quartile 1) were 0.42 (0.29, 0.61) for total choline, 0.50 (0.35, 0.72) for betaine and 0.44 (0.30, 0.64) for betaine+total choline. Regarding various sources of choline, lower NPC risk was associated with greater intakes of choline from phosphatidylcholine, free choline, glycerophosphocholine and phosphocholine, but not sphingomyelin.Conclusion:These findings are consistent with a beneficial effect of choline and betaine intakes on carcinogenesis. © 2014 Cancer Research UK.
Wang X.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Lin S.-X.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Tao J.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Wei X.-Q.,Sun Yat Sen University |
And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014
AIM: To investigate the etiology and complications of liver cirrhosis (LC) in Southern China. METHODS: In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, we identified cases of liver cirrhosis admitted between January 2001 to December 2010 and reviewed the medical records. Patient demographics, etiologies and complications were collected, and etiological changes were illustrated by consecutive years and within two time periods (2001-2005 and 2006-2010). All results were expressed as the mean ± SD or as a percentage. The χ2 test or Student's t-test was used to analyze the differences in age, gender, and etiological distribution, and one-way analysis of variance was applied to estimate the trends in etiological changes. We analyzed the relationship between the etiologies and complications using unconditioned logistic regression, and the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the major etiological groups was evaluated as ORs. A P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Statistical computation was performed using SPSS 17.0 software. RESULTS: In this study, we identified 6719 (83.16%) male patients and 1361 (16.84%) female patients. The average age of all of the patients was 50.5 years at the time of diagnosis. The distribution of etiological agents was as follows: viral hepatitis, 80.62% [hepatitis B virus (HBV) 77.22%, hepatitis C virus (HCV) 2.80%, (HBV + HCV) 0.58%]; alcohol, 5.68%; mixed etiology, 4.95%; cryptogenic, 2.93%; and autoimmune hepatitis, 2.03%; whereas the other included etiologies accounted for less than 4% of the total. Infantile hepatitis syndrome LC patients were the youngest (2.5 years of age), followed by the metabolic LC group (27.2 years of age). Viral hepatitis, alcohol, and mixed etiology were more prevalent in the male group, whereas autoimmune diseases, cryptogenic cirrhosis, and metabolic diseases were more prevalent in the female group. When comparing the etiological distribution in 2001-2005 with that in 2006-2010, the proportion of viral hepatitis decreased from 84.7% to 78.3% (P < 0.001), and the proportion of HBV-induced LC also decreased from 81.9% to 74.6% (P < 0.001). The incidence of mixed etiology, cryptogenic cirrhosis, and autoimmune diseases increased by 3.1% (P < 0.001), 0.5% (P = 0.158), and 1.3% (P < 0.001), respectively. Alcohol-induced LC remained relatively steady over the 10-year period. The ORs of the development of UGIB between HBV and other major etiologies were as follows: HCV, 1.07; alcohol, 1.89; autoimmune, 0.90; mixed etiology, 0.83; and cryptogenic, 1.76. The ORs of the occurrence of HCC between HBV and other major etiologies were as follows: HCV, 0.54; alcohol, 0.16; autoimmune, 0.05; mixed etiology, 0.58; and cryptogenic, 0.60. CONCLUSION: The major etiology of liver cirrhosis in Southern China is viral hepatitis. However, the proportions of viral hepatitis and HBV are gradually decreasing. Alcoholic LC patients exhibit a greater risk of experiencing UGIB, and HBV LC patients may have a greater risk of HCC. © 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Jinan University, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou University and Central Hospital of Panyu District
Type: | Journal: Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2016
Rapidly accumulated evidence has shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) disregulation is involved in human tumorigenesis in many cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). LncRNAs can regulate essential pathways that contribute to tumor initiation and progression with tissue specificity, which suggests that lncRNAs could be valuable biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3), also known as differential display code 3 (DD3), is one such lncRNA that maps to chromosome 9q21-22. PCA3 expression is highly specific to PCa. In the present study, the level of PCA3 expression in prostate cancer cells was reduced by small interfering RNA (siRNA). Subsequently, the ability of LNCaP cell proliferation, invasion, and migration of PCa was compromised both in vivo and in vitro with the occurrence of cell autophagy. Recently, a novel regulatory mechanism has been proposed in which RNAs cross talk via competing with the shared microRNAs (miRNAs). In addition, lncRNAs can directly interact with RNA-binding proteins and then bind to the gene promoter region to further regulate gene expression. The proposed competitive endogenous RNAs mediate the bioavailability of miRNAs on their targets, thus imposing another level of post-transcriptional regulation. Here, we demonstrated that binding of Snail to the promoter region of PCA3 could activate the expression of PCA3. Down-regulation of PCA3 by silencing could increase the expression of the miRNA-1261, which then targeted at the PRKD3 gene (protein kinase D3) through competitive sponging. In summary, these results suggest that the transcription factor, Snail, activated the expression of lncRNA PCA3, which could inhibit the translation of PRKD3 protein via competitive miR-1261 sponging, and thus high expression of PRKD3 further promoted invasion and migration of prostate cancer.
PubMed | Guangzhou University, Sun Yat Sen University and Central Hospital of Panyu District
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular medicine | Year: 2016
Hyperglycemia, as well as diabetes mellitus, has been shown to impair ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels in human vascular smooth muscle cells. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is also known to be an opener of KATP channels. We previously demonstrated the cardioprotective effects exerted by H2S against high-glucose (HG, 35 mM glucose)-induced injury in H9c2 cardiac cells. As such, we hypothesized that KATP channels play a role in the cardioprotective effects of H2S against HG-induced injury. In this study, to examine this hypothesis, H9c2 cardiac cells were treated with HG for 24 h to establish a model of HG-induced insults. Our findings revealed that treatment of the cells with HG markedly decreased the expression level of KATP channels. However, the decreased expression of KATP channels was reversed by the treatment of the cells with 400 M sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS, a donor of H2S) for 30 min prior to exposure to HG. Additionally, the HG-induced cardiomyocyte injuries, including cytotoxicity, apoptosis, oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage, were ameliorated by treatment with NaHS or 100 M diazoxide (a mitochondrial KATP channel opener) or 50 M pinacidil (a non-selective KATP channel opener) for 30 min prior to exposure to HG, as indicated by an increase in cell viability, as well as a decrease in the number of apoptotic cells, the expression of cleaved caspase-3, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Notably, treatment of the H9c2 cardiac cells with 100 M 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD, a mitochondrial KATP channel blocker) or 1 mM glibenclamide (Gli, a non-selective KATP channel blocker) for 30 min prior to treatment with NaHS and exposure to HG significantly attenuated the above-mentioned cardioprotective effects exerted by NaHS. Notably, treatment of the cells with 500 M N-acetylLcysteine (NAC, a scavenger of ROS) for 60 min prior to exposure to HG markedly reduced the HG-induced inhibitory effect on the expression of KATP channels. Taken together, our results suggest that KATP channels play an important role in the cardioprotective effects of exogenous H2S against HG-induced injury. This study also provides novel data demonstraring that there is an antagonistic interaction between ROS and KATP channels in HG-exposed H9c2 cardiac cells.
He J.-H.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
Zhang J.-Z.,Guangzhou University |
Han Z.-P.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
Wang L.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2014
Prostate cancer gene expression marker 1 (PCGEM1) is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCa) cells that promotes PCa initiation and progression, and protects against chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. The microRNA miR-145 functions as a tumor suppressor in PCa. We speculate that reciprocal regulation of PCGEM1 and miR-145 promote proliferation of LNCaP prostate cancer cells. To test this hypothesis, the interaction between PCGEM1 and miR-145 was examined using a luciferase reporter assay. Expression levels were selectively altered in LNCaP cells and noncancerous RWPE-1 prostate cells by transfection of miR-145 or small interfering RNA sequences against (siRNA) PCGEM1. Relative expression levels were detected by RT-PCR, tumor cell growth and early apoptosis by the MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively, and tumor cell migration and invasion properties by transwell assays. The effect of siRNA PCGEM1 and miR-145 transfection on prostate cancer growth in vivo was examined in the (nu/nu) mouse model. PCGEM1 and miR-145 exhibited reciprocal regulation; downregulation of PCGEM1 expression in LNCaP cells increased expression of miR-145, while overexpression of miR-145 decreased PCGEM1 expression. Transfection of the miR-145 expression vector and siRNA PCGEM1 inhibited tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and induced early apoptosis both in vitro. In contrast, there was no effect on RWPE-1 cells. We demonstrate a reciprocal negative control relationship between PCGEM1 and miR-145 that regulates both LNCaP cell proliferation and nu/nu PCa tumor growth. The results also identify PCGEM1 and associated regulators as possible targets for PCa therapy. © 2014 He et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
PubMed | Southern Medical University and Central Hospital of Panyu District
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Neurochemical research | Year: 2016
Bupivacaine is widely used for regional anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, and pain management. However, bupivacaine could cause neuronal injury. Curcumin, a low molecular weight polyphenol, has a variety of bioactivities and may exert neuroprotective effects against damage induced by some stimuli. In the present study, we tested whether curcumin could attenuate bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Cell injury was evaluated by examining cell viability, mitochondrial damage and apoptosis. We also investigated the levels of activation of the Akt signaling pathway and the effect of Akt inhibition by triciribine on cell injury following bupivacaine and curcumin treatment. Our findings showed that the bupivacaine treatment could induce neurotoxicity. Pretreatment of the SH-SY5Y cells with curcumin significantly attenuated bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity. Interestingly, the curcumin treatment increased the levels of Akt phosphorylation. More significantly, the pharmacological inhibition of Akt abolished the cytoprotective effect of curcumin against bupivacaine-induced cell injury. Our data suggest that pretreating SH-SY5Y cells with curcumin provides a protective effect on bupivacaine-induced neuronal injury via activation of the Akt signaling pathway.
He J.-H.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
Li Y.-M.,Minzu Hospital |
Li Y.-G.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
Xie X.-Y.,Central Hospital of Panyu District |
And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a eukaryotic expression vector expressing hsa-miR-203 on the sensitivity of K562 leukemia cells to arsenic trioxide (ATO) and the possible mechanism of action. The eukaryotic expression vector expressing the hsa-miR-203 plasmid (PmiR-203) was transfected into K562 cells using Lipofectamine 2000. bcr/abl 3' untranslated region (UTR) and bcr/abl mutated 3'UTR dual luciferase report vectors (psi-CHECK-2) were used to validate the regulation of bcr/abl by miR-203. The inhibitory effects of ATO and PmiR-203, used singly or in combination, on cell proliferation were detected by MTT assay. Apoptosis of the K562 cells was detected by flow cytometry using double-staining with Annexin V and propidium iodide (PI). The activities of caspase-3 and caspase-9 were detected by a colorimetric method and the cytochrome c protein levels were detected by western blotting. When used in combination with PmiR-203, the IC50 of ATO was reduced from 6.49 to 2.45 μg/ml and the sensitivity of cells to ATO increased 2.64-fold. In addition, PmiR-203 and ATO caused growth inhibition, apoptosis and G1-phase arrest in K562 cells. Furthermore, PmiR-203 significantly promoted ATO-mediated growth inhibition and apoptosis, affecting the G1 phase. JC-1 flfluorescent staining revealed that the membrane potential of the mitochondria had changed. The activities of caspase-3 and caspase-9 increased, the expression levels of cytochrome c were upregulated and the expression level of bcr/abl mRNA was signifificantly suppressed. Furthermore, the dual-luciferase reporter vector, containing tandem miR-203 binding sites from the bcr/abl 3'UTR, demonstrated that bcr/abl was directly regulated by miR-203. PmiR-203 sensitized K562 leukemia cells to ATO by inducing apoptosis and downregulating bcr/abl gene levels. The induction of apoptosis may occur through the mitochondrial pathway. The combination of ATO and PmiR-203 presents therapeutic potential for chronic myelogenous leukemia.