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Liu Y.-T.,Sun Yat Sen University | Fan Y.-Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Xu C.-H.,Sun Yat Sen University | Lin X.-L.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives:Many studies have shown a negative association between the consumption of soy products and the risk of some cancers, but little is known about the effect of soy consumption on nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We assessed the association between the consumption of soy products on nasopharyngeal carcinoma risk in Chinese individuals.Methods:This case-control study included 600 (448 males and 152 females) incident cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and an equal number of controls, matched according to gender, age (± 3 y) and household type to the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cases. All subjects were recruited from hospitals in Guangzhou, China. A face-to-face interview was conducted with each study individual to collect general information and habitual dietary intake using a 78-item quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were estimated using conditional logistic regression analyses.Results:The median intakes of soy foods (in protein) were 0.5/0.5, 1.4/1.7, 2.7/3.3 and 6.1/7.7 (male/female) g/d in the quartiles 1 to 4. Both univariate and multivariate analyses showed no significant association between the consumption of soy proteins or soy isoflavones and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) between extreme quartiles were 0.97 (0.66-1.45) for soy proteins and 0.97 (0.66-1.42) for total isoflavones. Null associations were also observed between intake of the individual isoflavones daidzein, genistein and glycitein and NPC risk, with adjusted odds ratios for the extreme quartiles ranging between 0.73 and 1.23.Conclusion:Habitual consumption of soy products had no significant effect on the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Chinese adults with a relatively low intake. © 2013 Liu et al.

Luan S.,Sun Yat Sen University | Min Y.,Central Hospital of Panyu District | Li G.,Sun Yat Sen University | Lin C.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 4 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2014

Study Design.: Translation and psychometric testing. Objective.: The study aims to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the STarT Back Screening Tool (STarT) in Chinese-speaking patients with low back pain (LBP) after translation and cultural adaptation. Summary of Background Data.: To date, no previous studies exist on the translation process and validation of the Chinese version of the STarT. Methods.: The procedure of translation, which included 6 stages, was performed according to the current recommended guidelines. Psychometric testing included face validity, test-retest reliability, and discriminant validity. A total of 307 patients completed a questionnaire booklet containing the Chinese version of the STarT, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia-17, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Seventy-four randomly selected patients were asked to finish the STarT a second time within 24 to 48 hours. The demographic characteristics and outcomes of psychometric testing were compared with the original English cohort. Results.: No items of the final version had reported ambiguity after the face validation and no floor or ceiling effects were noted. The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.933 (95% confidence interval, 0.896-0.957), demonstrating very good reliability. Discriminant validity was established, with area under curve results in the range from 0.751 to 0.893 (95% confidence interval, 0.697-0.930) in the Chinese cohort compared with 0.840 to 0.925 (95% confidence interval, 0.772-0.948) in the original English cohort. Conclusion.: The results confirm the successful translation and adaptation of the STarT into Chinese, with appropriate reliability and validity. Therefore, this version can be recommended for clinical and research use for Chinese patients with LBP. © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Yang J.,Southern Medical University | Yang J.,Wenzhou University | Chen G.,Central Hospital of Panyu District | Wang D.,Wenzhou University | And 3 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016

The aim of the study is to determine whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency in infants increased odds of urinary tract infection (UTI). A total of 238 infants including 132 patients experiencing a first episode of UTI and 106 controls, aged from 1 to 12 months, were enrolled. Serum 25(OH)D levels were tested through blood sampling. The serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in cases with UTI than controls. The mean serum 25(OH)D levels were 29.09 ± 9.56 ng/mL in UTIs and 38.59 ± 12.41 ng/mL in controls (P < 0.001). Infants with acute pyelonephritis (APN) had lower serum 25(OH)D than those with lower UTI. The multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that serum 25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL (OR 5.619, 95% CI 1.469-21.484, P = 0.012) was positively related to an increased odds of UTI. Vitamin D supplementation (OR 0.298, 95% CI 0.150-0.591; P = 0.001) was associated with a decreased likelihood of UTI. Vitamin D deficiency in infants was associated with an increased odds of UTI. Interventional studies evaluating the role of vitamin D supplementation to reduce the burden of UTI are warranted. © 2016 the Author(s).

Cai C.,Guangzhou University | Chen Q.-B.,Southern Medical University | Han Z.-D.,Guangzhou University | Zhang Y.-Q.,Chinese Institute of Materia Medica | And 16 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2015

Purpose: To investigate the involvement of hsa-miRNA-195-5p (miR-195) in progression and prognosis of human prostate cancer. Experimental Design: qRT-PCR was performed to detect miR-195 expression in both prostate cancer cell lines and clinical tissue samples. Its clinical significance was statistically analyzed. The roles of miR-195 and its candidate target gene, ribosomal protein S6 kinase, 70 kDa, polypeptide 1 (RPS6KB1) in prostate cancer progression were confirmed on the basis of both in vitro and in vivo systems. Results: miR-195 downregulation in prostate cancer tissues was significantly associated with high Gleason score (P = 0.001), positive metastasis failure (P < 0.001), and biochemical recurrence (BCR, P < 0.001). Survival analysis identified miR-195 as an independent prognostic factor for BCR-free survival of prostate cancer patients (P = 0.022). Then, we confirmed the tumor suppressive role of miR-195 through prostate cancer cell invasion, migration, and apoptosis assays in vitro, along with tumor xenograft growth, angiogenesis, and invasion in vivo according to both gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments. In addition, RPS6KB1 was identified as a novel direct target of miR-195 through proteomic expression profiling combined with bioinformatic target prediction and luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, the reexpression and knockdown of RPS6KB1 could respectively rescue and imitate the effects induced by miR-195. Importantly, RPS6KB1 expression was closely correlated with aggressive progression and poor prognosis in prostate cancer patients as opposed to miR-195. Furthermore, we identified MMP-9, VEGF, BAD, and E-cadherin as the downstream effectors of miR-195-RPS6KB1 axis. Conclusion: The newly identified miR-195-RPS6KB1 axis partially illustrates the molecular mechanism of prostate cancer progression and represents a novel potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer treatment. ©2015 AACR.

Qin G.-Q.,Central Hospital of Panyu District | Qin G.-Q.,Guangzhou University | He H.-C.,Guangzhou University | Han Z.-D.,Guangzhou University | And 10 more authors.
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2014

Background: To clarify the involvement of HIVEP3 and SOX9 coexpression in prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: A small interfering RNA was used to knockdown SOX9 expression in a PCa cell line and to analyze the effects of SOX9 inhibition on the expression of HIVEP3 in vitro. Then, HIVEP3 and SOX9 expression patterns in the human PCa tissues were detected using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis and immunohistochemistry. Results: We found that the downregulation of SOX9 could inhibit the expression of HIVEP3 in the PCa cells in vitro. In addition, both HIVEP3 and SOX9 messenger RNA expression levels in the PCa tissues were significantly higher than those in the noncancerous prostate tissues (P=0.006 and P<0.001, respectively). Moreover, the immunohistochemical staining scores of HIVEP3 in the PCa tissues with PSA failure were significantly higher than those without (P=0.042); the increased SOX9 protein expression was more frequently found in the PCa tissues with a high Gleason score (P=0.045) and a high clinical stage (P=0.012). The tumors showing the HIVEP3-high/SOX9-high expression more frequently had PSA failure (P=0.024). When the patients with an HIVEP3 overexpression combined with the SOX9 overexpression, this group had a worse biochemical recurrence-free survival (P<0.001). Furthermore, the multivariate analysis showed that the HIVEP3/SOX9 coexpression was an independent predictor of an unfavorable biochemical recurrence-free survival. Conclusion: Our data offer the convincing evidence for the first time that a combined analysis of HIVEP3 and SOX9 may help to predict the tumor progression and prognosis of PCa patients. In particular, the overexpression of HIVEP3 in PCa might partly explain the poor prognosis of patients with an upregulation of SOX9. © 2014 Qin et al.

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