Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH

Panchmahals Godhra, India

Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH

Panchmahals Godhra, India
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Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh R.S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Joshi H.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Sharma S.K.,CIAH
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2014

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of different varieties of bael (Aegle marmelos Correa.), established through in-situ patch budding during the year 2003, at Experimental Farm of Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CIAH), Vejalpur, Panchmahals (Godhra), Gujarat under rainfed hot semi-Arid ecosystem of western India during the years 2010-12. The results of study revealed that the different varieties of bael exhibited considerable variation for vegetative, floral, yield and physico-chemical attributes of bael fruits. The vegetative growth in terms of plant height, stem girth, plant spread (E-W) and plant spread (N-S) varied between 3.38-5.85m, 28.95-88.39 cm and 3.74-7.68 m and 3.40-7.52 m, respectively, while the terminal leaf length, breadth, lateral leaf length and breadth ranged between 10.72-15.02 cm, 5.85-9.38 cm, 7.45-11.38cm and 4.13-6.57cm, respectively. Different varieties of bael exhibited wide variations with respect to morphometrics of vegetative characters under rainfed conditions of western India. Varieties also showed wide differences for floral traits with regards to bud size, flower size and other floral organs. The morphological features of fruit of different varieties, viz. fruit yield (40.50- 69.29 kg), fruit weight (0.43-4.25 kg), length (10.61-19.59 cm), width (9.40-22.00 cm) and fruit girth (29.10-70.00 cm) also showed variations. Physical composition of bael fruit exhibited wide variation in their shell weight (115.25- 560.05g), shell thickness (0.16-0.31cm), number of seed/fruit (90.34-212.25), total fresh seed weight (17.34-43.41 g), number of seed sacs (10.23-19.17), fibre weight (15.91-106.50g) and pulp weight/fruit (0.27-3.67 kg). The qualitative characters of fruit in terms of TSS mucilage, TSS pulp, total sugar, reducing sugar, non reducing sugar, vitamin C, total phenols, acidity and TSS to acid ratio ranged between 37.00-49.50° brix, 30.57-37.45° brix, 16.15-19.98%, 3.30-4.95%, 12.85-15.13%, 17.13-21.03 mg/100g, 2.34-2.75%, 0.30-0.49% and 68.88-124.83, respectively. All the varieties of bael showed significant diffferences for qualitative and quantitative morphological characters under rainfed hot semi arid environment.


Rathod A.H.,Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University | Acharya S.,Gujarat University | Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Sheikh W.A.,Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University | And 2 more authors.
Medicinal Plants | Year: 2015

The mean size of pollen grains of Morinda tomentosa varied in different media with comparatively larger size in distilled water. The pollen viability varied between 83.47 to 95.53% among the accessions. Fifteen to twenty per cent solo sucrose medium appeared precise for pollen germination. The boric acid addition irrespective of concentration (0.005 and 0.01%) in sucrose medium of different concentrations impacted the pollen germination. The germination was highest (85.26%) when 0.005% boric acid was added to 10% sucrose solution. Further, the lower concentration of boric acid (0.005%) evinced better germination of pollen grains than higher concentration of boric acid. The average pollen tube length was maximum (62.42 µ) in 15% sucrose solution while it was minimum (14.36 µ) in 30% sucrose solution indicating intermediate concentration of sucrose medium as appropriate for growth of pollen tube. The addition of boric acid to sucrose medium evinced clear impact on growth of pollen tube with maximum average pollen tube length of 120.74 µ recorded in 15% sucrose medium fortified with 0.005% boric acid. © 2015, IndianJournals.com. All rights reserved.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh P.P.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Bhargava R.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Makwana P.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2016

Wild aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) is found growing throughout the north eastern region of India. An extensive survey was made to identify and collect the elite genotypes at different altitude to determine variability for physical and biochemical traits and find out the promising genotypes having good fruit quality from different regions of the north-eastern region of India, i.e. Manipur, Meghalaya, Asom and Nagaland during the year of 2014-15. A total of 39 fruit samples were collected and subjected to morphological and physico-chemical characters. Wide range of variability with respect to fruit weight (1.39-10.59 g), fruit length (1.26-2.53 cm), fruit breadth (1.27-2.57 cm), fruit girth (4.16 to 8.10 cm), stone weight (0.28 to 1.50 g), specific gravity (1.00-1.42), TSS of juice (10.00-21.30°Brix), pH of fruit juice (2.48-3.41), acidity (1.80-5.84), total sugar (7.50-13.68 %), vitamin C (375.00 -1428.50 mg/100 ml of fruit juice), phenol content (944.85-4969.50 mg/100g of juice) and TSS/acid ratio (2.64-9.72) were observed among the studied genotypes. The genotype T26 was found to superior with respect to fruit weight (10.59 g), fruit girth (8.10 cm), fruit length (2.30 cm) and breadth (2.57 cm), whereas T12,. T14, T4 and T36 were found superior with their respective qualitative characters, i.e. vitamin C, total soluble solids and total sugar among the genotypes. A wide variation in physico-chemical characters of aonla genotypes indicated that the enormous scope of selection based on their quality characters and its genetic improvement. © 2016, Indian Council of Agricultural Research. All rights reserved.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Rao V.V.A.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Bagle B.G.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | More T.A.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Horticulture | Year: 2011

An investigation on high density planting systems was carried out on young trees of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn), planted in 2001, to study the influence of different planting systems and densities on production and productivity of aonla under rainfed condition in the semi-arid ecosystem of western India. Plant height was recorded significantly highest in double hedgerow system having maximum number of plants per unit area, among the different planting systems. However, maximum values of root-stock girth, scion girth and plant spread were recorded in the square system of planting, but the differences among the treatments were non significant. Individual plant gave high yield in square system, but on per unit area basis, double hedgerow system exhibited almost double the crop over square system of planting. Planting systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents. Other physico-chemical characters of fruits were not affected significantly by the different planting systems. Based on the overall evaluation data, it can be concluded that by adopting double hedgerow system of planting in aonla the productivity per unit area can be enhanced to nearly double over conventional square system of planting under the rainfed condition in semi-arid ecosystem.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Appa Rao V.V.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Bagle B.G.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | More T.A.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Horticulture | Year: 2010

The influence of different organic mulches viz, paddy straw, maize straw, rice husk, grasses, subabul loppings on soil properties, earthworm population, growth, yield and fruit quality attributes was studied. Various organic mulches significantly increased the soil moisture status at various soil depths. Paddy straw mulch recorded the maximum soil moisture content followed by maize straw and grasses, among the different evaluated organic mulches. The findings of the study indicated that paddy straw mulch followed by maize straw and grasses had given favourable results with regards to soil moisture and physico-chemical attributes of soil and earthworm population in basin soil. Paddy straw mulches were found to be more effective in producing maximum growth than rest of the mulching treatments. Plants treated with paddy straw mulch recorded highest yield 09.00 kg/plant and 42.15 kg/plant during 2005 and 2006. TSS, total sugar, total phenols and vitamin C were observed maximum with paddy straw followed by maize straw mulch. Among the evaluated organic mulches, paddy straw had showed better response followed by maize straw. In view of the superiority over other organic mulches, use of paddy straw as mulch material over long period needs to be popularized for increasing the productivity of aonla orchards in rainfed condition under semi-arid ecosystem.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Rao V.V.A.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Horticulture | Year: 2012

An experiment was conducted on young of NA-7 aonla trees to evaluate the influence of various levels of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on morphomatrix, productivity and quality attributes and soil quality during 2007 and 2008 under hot semi-arid ecosystem. Significant improvement was recorded in soil quality by application of different combinations of cakes, FYM and CPP. The vegetative growth, yield and quality of aonla were influenced significantly by different sources of nutrients. Vegetative growth was recorded significantly highest in the plants treated with farm yard manure coupled with standard dose of NPK. Various treatment combinations of organic nutrient sources increased the fruit yield and quality. Maximum yield per plant (32.15 kg) was recorded with the plants, which were treated with FYM plus standard does of NPK. Quality parameters like TSS, total sugars, vitamin C and total phenols were influenced considerably by the application different organic sources of nutrients. The soil parameters in terms of pH, EC, bulk density, hydraulic conductivity and organic carbon were also improved significantly by different sources of organic nutrients. Considerable improvements in the soil physical and chemical properties were observed by the use of different sources of organic nutrients.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Joshi H.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Makwana P.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2014

A field trial was conducted to characterize Morinda tomentosa Heyne ex Roth genotypes which were established during 2009 under field condition during the years 2011-13 at Experimental Farm of Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CIAH-ICAR) Vejalpur, Panchmahals (Godhra), Gujarat. The vegetative morphomatrix in terms of plant height, stem girth, plant spread, number of primary branches and number of secondary branches varied between 3.10- 4.70 cm, 19.10-36.08 cm, 2.27-3.87 m, 6.23-13.45 and 12.12-26.00, respectively, whereas leaves morphology, viz. leaf length, breadth, petiole length and vein pairs ranged between 15.00-25.00 cm, 8.00-16.50 cm,1.25-2.29 cm and 7.43-11.33 per leaf, respectively. Yield /plant during 3 rd year varied between 3.50-9.41 kg being highest in CHESN 1 and the lowest in CHESN 21 in all the evaluated genotypes. The quantitative fruit characters in terms of fruit weight, length, breadth, number of pyrines, number of seed/fruit and fresh weight of seed ranged between 19.20-47.10 g, 2.49-4.80 cm, 2.34-3.98 cm, 10.95-23.95, 25.17-50.65 and 0.06-0.11 g, respectively. Variations in values of TSS, pH, vitamin C and acidity, protein, phenols, tannins, Ca, K, Na, and Zn ranged between 6-12 0 brix, 3.50-7.00, 21.15-40.15 mg/ 100g, 1.16-1.51 per cent, 0.09-0.29 g, 11.12-20.05 mg, 0.25-0.46 g, 90.10-102.00 mg, 36.12-49.92 mg, 80.16- 93.90 mg and 0.10-0.29 mg among the genotypes characterized for their biochemical composition. Based on the overall observations, CHESN 1, CHESN 16 and CHESN 31 were found to better with respect to most of the qualitative and quantitative characters than rest of the genotypes evaluated under rainfed conditions of western India.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Appa Rao V.V.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Hiwale S.S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Joshi H.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2014

The experiment was conducted on seven and eight years old aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) tree of NA-7 tostudy the influence of various levels of organic (FYM and biofertilizers) and inorganic (NPK) sources of nutrients on morphometrix, productivity and quality attributes of aonla and soil quality during 2009-10 and 2010-11 under hot semi-arid ecosystem. Significant improvement was recorded in soil quality by application of different combinations of NPK, FYM and biofertilizers. The vegetative growth, yield and quality of aonla were influenced significantly by different sources of nutrients. The maximum vegetative growth was recorded in the plants which were applied with standard doses of NPK which was followed by farmyard manure plus 50% of the standard dose of NPK. The maximum mean yield per plant (48.45 kg) was recorded in the plants treated with standard doses of NPK followed by FYM + 50% of standard dose of NPK (45.27 kg). TSS, total sugar, vitamin C and total phenols were influenced considerably by the application of different organic sources of nutrients being highest in T5 (FYM + Azotobactor + VAM) treatment. The soil properties in terms of pH and EC declined whereas hydraulic conductivity, organic carbon increased from their initial values with the application of various organic sources of nutrient in different combinations, while pH, EC, hydraulic conductivity, bulk density and organic carbon of the basin soil treated with standard dose of NPK were not improved considerably.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Makwana P.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2015

A field study was conducted to differentiate the aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) varieties for their vegetative and fruit characters under rainfed hot semi-arid ecosystem of western India during the years 2012-14. Among the cultivars, growth habit was observed upright spreading, tall upright, tall spreading, tall drooping and tall semi-spreading. The foliage was visualized as dense and sparse among all the cultivars. The leaflet colour (green to pale yellowish green), shape (oblong, oval oblong and elliptical), apex (obtuse and acute) also varied among the cultivars. The size of leaves in terms of length and breadth ranged between 1.25-1.47 cm and 0.23-0.37 cm, respectively. The time of fruit set and time of fruit maturity differed considerably among the varieties. The maximum fruit set (51.95%) and fruit retention (26.40%) were recorded in NA 7, whereas same was recorded minimum (36.21%) in Banarasi and Francis (11.34%).Variations in fruit shape, i.e. triangular, flattened oblong, flattened oval, and flattened round, whereas size of the fruit was observed as small large and medium among observed varieties. The highest fruit weight (33.90 g) and specific gravity (1.43) were found in Banarasi while these traits were recorded the lowest in Kanchan and Francis, respectively. The qualitative physico-chemical characters, viz. fruit juice content, acidity, pulp content, vitamin C content, TSS, TSS/acid ratio and stone weight ranged between 40.00-64.45%, 1.34-2.56%, 23.95- 31.95 g, 334.12- 461.76 mg /100gm , 8.00-11.50% and 3.61- 6.74 g and 1.97-2.08 g, respectively. The stone of the fruit also varied with respect to its shape (triangular and oval round) and size (large, medium and small) under rainfed hot semi-arid environment of western India.


Singh A.K.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Singh S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Rao A.V.V.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | Hiwale S.S.,Central Horticultural Experiment Station CIAH | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2014

A field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different planting systems and densities on plant growth and their relation to yield and quality attributes of NA 7 aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) during the years 2011-2013 under rainfed hot semi- arid ecosystem of western India. The present study contained 5 planting systems as treatments namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row, cluster and paired system. Different planting systems significantly influenced the vegetative growth, yield and quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation. The highest plant height was noted in double hedgerow system (7. 80 m) and the lowest in paired system (7. 08 m). Consequently, the rootstock (59. 82cm), scion girth (58. 38 cm) and plant spread (6. 99 cm) was measured maximum in square system of planting. However, these parameters were measured the lowest in double hedgerow followed by hedgerow and cluster planting systems. Result of study revealed that the mean yield/plant (110. 24 kg) was recorded the highest in square but the yield/ha were recorded maximum in double hedgerow (225. 90 q) followed by hedgerow (202. 65 q) and cluster (170. 37 q). During the experimentation, a considerable difference in yield over previous year was observed among the different planting systems. An increase in yield over square system by the rest of the system ranged between 83. 8% - 132. 39% being highest in double hedgerow and lowest in paired system, whereas per cent increase in yield in double hedgerow over other systems ranged between 26. 44-132. 39 being the maximum and minimum upon square and hedgerow systems of planting, respectively. There were significant differences amongst different planting system with regards to fruit physical and quality attributes. Among the different planting systems, the square system exhibited better values for physical qualities, whereas chemical attributes like TSS, total sugar, vitamin C and total phenols were observed maximum in double hedgerow planting system. The net economic return was computed with double hedgerow (r192 270. 00 and 243 035. 00) followed by hedgerow (r 150 800. 00 and r 195 650) and it was minimum in square (r 83 950. 00 and r 107 605. 00) system of planting.

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