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New Britain, CT, United States

Central Connecticut State University is a regional, comprehensive public university in New Britain, Connecticut. Founded in 1849 as Connecticut Normal School, CCSU is Connecticut's oldest publicly funded university. CCSU is made up of four schools: the Ammon School of Arts & Science, the School of Business, the School of Education & Professional Studies, and the School of Engineering & Technology. Attended by over 11,000 students, 9,200 are undergraduates, and 2,000 are graduate students. It is part of the Connecticut State University System , which also oversees Eastern, Western, and Southern Connecticut State Universities. Together they have a student body of over 34,000. As a commuter school, more than half of students live off campus and ninety percent are in-state students. Wikipedia.

King J.R.,Central Connecticut State University
Ecological Entomology | Year: 2010

Ants are among the most abundant terrestrial organisms, yet little is known of how ant communities divide resources because it is difficult to measure the number of individuals in colonies and the density of colonies. The body size-abundance relationships of the ants of five upland ecosystems in Florida were examined. The study tested whether abundance, energy use, and total biomass were distributed among species and body sizes as predicted by Damuth's energetic equivalence rule. Estimates of average worker body size, colony size, colony mass, and field metabolic rates were used to examine the relationships among body sizes, energy use, and total biomass. Analyses revealed significant variation in energy use and did not support the energetic equivalence hypothesis. Specifically, the energy use and total standing biomass of species with large workers and colonies was much greater than smaller species. These results suggest that larger species with larger colonies account for a disproportionate fraction of the total abundance and biomass of ants. A general model of resource allocation in colonies provides a possible explanation for why ants do not conform to the predictions of the energetic equivalence rule and for why ants are so abundant. © 2010 The Author. Journal compilation © 2010 The Royal Entomological Society. Source

Analysis of regional joint orientations, vein mineral paragenesis, and fluid inclusion microthermometry provides valuable insights into the deformation history of the Central Appalachians. These data indicate that deformation occurred as a continuum from hinterland to foreland, and they reflect a progressive rotation in shortening direction. However, separate deformation milestones punctuate the history. Prior to North Mountain thrust emplacement, the rocks in the Valley and Ridge Province were fractured under a NNW-directed shortening. The emplacement of the North Mountain thrust sheet occurred under a more NW-directed shortening and resulted in rapid loading of the Paleozoic section in the footwall by 7-10 km of rock that extended 20-30 km toward the hinterland from the North Mountain thrust ramp. The loading of the Paleozoic section resulted in over pressuring of Cambrian Waynesboro décollement and the development of the Valley and Ridge duplex, and the formation of the Adams Run-Cacapon Mountain anticlinorium in the northern part of the study area. Growth of this anticlinorium shed more sediments toward the foreland, the reby driving addition horse formation. Continued NW- and then WNW-directed shortening resulted inthe formation of the Wills Mountain duplex under the load of the North Mountain thrust sheet and sediments derived from the Adams Run-Cacapon Mountain anticlinorium. The growth of the Wills Mountain duplex resulted in duplication of the Cambrian-Ordovician carbonatesection with coeval syntectonic erosion, shedding 3-4 km of sediments into the plateau, and triggering the formation of several thrusts in the Cambrian-Ordovician carbonate section.A final E-W-directed shortening event resulted in extensive regional mesoscale fracturing. © 2010 Geological Society of America. Source

Doan T.M.,Central Connecticut State University
International Journal of Tourism Research | Year: 2013

It is widely assumed that ecotourism offers sustainable development opportunities in under-developed countries, but little is known about the variables contributing to differential sustainability of multiple ecotourism ventures within a geographic region. This investigation compared differences among rainforest ecotourism sites in Tambopata, Amazonian Peru. These rainforest lodges act as stewards of the surrounding habitat. Different histories and philosophies regarding tourism resulted in varied levels of economic, social and ecological sustainability. This study quantitatively examines the differential sustainability of multiple ecotourism sites in a small geographic region. Tourism in Tambopata has a potential for sustainability of local communities and natural resources. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Hammad K.J.,Central Connecticut State University
Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME | Year: 2014

Velocity and momentum decay characteristics of a submerged viscoplastic non-Newtonian jet are studied within the steady laminar flow regime. The governing mass and momentum conservation equations along with the Bingham rheological model are solved numerically using a finite-difference scheme. A parametric study is performed to reveal the influence of the initial velocity profile, flow inertia, and yield stress presence on the flow field characteristics. Two initial velocity profiles are considered, a top-hat and fully developed pipe jets. The centerline velocity decay is found to be more rapid for the pipe jet than the top-hat one when the fluid is Newtonian while the opposite trend is observed for yield stress Bingham fluids. The decay in the momentum flux of the pipe jet is always less than that of the top-hat jet. Momentum and velocity based jet depths of penetration are introduced and used to analyze the obtained flow field information for a wide range of Reynolds and yield numbers. Depths of penetration are found to linearly increase with the Reynolds number and substantially decrease with the yield number. The presence of yield stress significantly reduces the momentum and velocity penetration depths of submerged top-hat and pipe jets. Penetration depths of yield stress fluids are shown to be more than an order of magnitude smaller than the ones corresponding to Newtonian fluids. © 2014 by ASME. Source

Evans M.A.,Central Connecticut State University | Fischer M.P.,Northern Illinois University
Journal of Structural Geology | Year: 2012

Growing macroscale fold structures are one of the most dynamic and complex systems in geology, where during fold growth pore fluid pressure, fluid temperature, and fluid composition (PTX) conditions do not remain static but instead vary continually at all points within the deforming fold such that no two points within the fold will have the same deformation or fluid history. These PTX conditions in turn directly affect fluid storage and mobility as well as rock strength, which has direct feedback on the mechanical development of the fold. In this review, we first outline the research methodologies that have yielded significant insights, and review four examples of well-constrained fold-related fluid systems. We then discuss the fluid-related, fold-related, and mesoscopic deformation processes that are relevant to fold-related fluid systems. Finally, we close by presenting several conceptual models for fold-related fluid system structure, and highlighting key areas for future work. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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