Pauli G.,Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine
Natural Resources Forum | Year: 2010
In the debate about the future of the world's economies and in particular its transport systems, the concept of "sustainability" plays a prominent role. In this context, inland navigation is often cited as the most environmentally friendly and sustainable mode of transport, with fewer harmful emissions and less consumption of resources than road or rail transport. Using navigation in the Rhine basin as an example, this article sets out to: prove that inland navigation is becoming more sustainable; explain how that has happened; and identify the most important factors determining the sustainability of inland navigation. The article concludes that a new approach to the development of transport policy is needed and that this approach has to ensure important factors determining sustainability are integrated within a single policy. © 2010 The Author. Natural Resources Forum © 2010 United Nations.
Tournaye C.,Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine |
Pauli G.,Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine |
Saha D.M.,Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine |
van der Werf H.,Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Civil Engineering | Year: 2010
Inland waterways account for nearly 6% of Europe's transport, with traffic focused on the rhine, Danube, Elbe and Oder river basins. It offers a more environmentally friendly, safe and cost-effective alternative to road transport as well as a very reliable one but remains significantly underused. The European Commission adopted a programme for promoting inland water transport in January 2006, including modernising infrastructure and creating efficient links among the various river basins and effective integration in the modal chain. However, as this paper reports, the river commissions rather than Brussels remain the primary drivers for change.