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Poljicak M.,Central Bureau of Statistics
2014 37th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2014 - Proceedings | Year: 2014

In the European Statistical System (ESS) there are more and more generic information systems (ISs) being developed and implemented for production and dissemination of official statistics (OS) macrodata datasets. These generic systems are based on metadata repositories providing, in return, a whole set of additional functionalities and services for users of the systems. Microdata dissemination, being the youngest and least developed discipline in official statistics dataset dissemination, currently still lacks appropriate organization of business procedures and compatible generic tools for the purpose of integration of all the ESS' subsystems into one central Data Service (DS) providing microdata datasets for international users and enabling preservation of microdata datasets. The authors analyze current situation regarding statistical microdata sets acquisition and preservation in digital archives (DAs), provide valuable considerations and propose recommendations to take into account when developing repositories and systems for presentation of available microdata datasets to users. Along with that, the authors introduce the way of usage of appropriate Statistical Disclosure Control (SDC) methods for production of safe microdata outputs. Finally, the authors recommend the development of a central administrative metadata repository that could be used for users' authorization, and that could have additional services for users based on available metadata about users in the system. © 2014 MIPRO.

Deckert A.,University of Heidelberg | Winkler V.,University of Heidelberg | Paltiel A.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Becher H.,University of Heidelberg
BMC Public Health | Year: 2010

Background. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Large variations in CVD mortality between countries and also between population subgroups within countries have been observed. Previous studies showed significantly lower risks in German repatriates and Jews emigrating from Russia than in the general Russian population. We examined to what degree the migration of large subgroups influenced national CVD mortality rates. Methods. We used WHO data to map the CVD mortality distribution in Europe in 2005. Supplemented by data of the Statistisches Bundesamt, the mortality trends in three major CVD groups between 1980 and 2007 in Russia and Germany are displayed, as well as demographic information. The effects of migration on demography were estimated and percentage changes in CVD mortality trends were calculated under the assumption that migration had not occurred. Results. Cardiovascular disease mortality patterns within Europe showed a strong west-east gradient with ratios up to sixfold. In Germany, the CVD mortality levels were low and steadily decreasing, whereas in Russia they fluctuated at high levels with substantial differences between the sexes and strong correlations with political changes and health campaigns. The trends in both Russia and Germany were affected by the migration that occurred in both countries over recent decades. However, our restricted focus in only adjusting for the migration of German repatriates and Jews had moderate effects on the national CVD mortality statistics in Germany (+1.0%) and Russia (-0.6%). Conclusions. The effects on CVD mortality rates due to migration in Germany and Russia were smaller than those due to secular economical changes. However, migration should still be considered as a factor influencing national mortality trends. © 2010 Deckert et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Zlotogora J.,Ministry of Health | Haklai Z.,Ministry of Health | Rotem N.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Georgi M.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Rubin L.,Ministry of Health
Israel Medical Association Journal | Year: 2010

Background: Ultrasound examination of the fetus enables diagnosis of many major malformations during pregnancy, providing the possibility to consider termination of the pregnancy. As a result, in many cases the incidence of malformations at birth does not represent their true incidence. Objectives: To determine the impact of prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy termination on the relative incidence of malformations at birth among Jews and Muslim Arabs in Israel. Methods: Data on selected major malformations in 2000-2003 were collected from the two large central databases of the Ministry of Health and the Central Bureau of Statistics which contain information regarding births, stillbirths and terminations of pregnancies. Results: For many malformations the total incidence was much higher than the incidence at birth. For almost all of the malformations studied, the total incidence was higher in Muslims than in Jews and the differences were further accentuated among the liveborn because of the differences in the rate of pregnancy terminations. Conclusions: In order to detect possible influences of environmental or genetic factors on major malformations in Israel, it is critical to look at data including pregnancy terminations, stillbirths and live births.

News Article | November 30, 2015

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on SSY Consultancy and Research Ltd, International Energy Agency, U.S. Department of Commerce, and Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistics. Note: Other regions include Eurasia, the Middle East, and Africa, but Europe makes up the majority of trade. Graph does not include small balancing volumes used to reconcile discrepancies between reported exports and imports. With the exception of North America, non-seaborne coal trade, which accounts for about 10% of total world coal trade, is not shown in the graph. Global trade of coal grew dramatically from 2008 to 2013, but in 2014, it declined for the first time in 21 years. China and India accounted for 98% of the increase in world coal trade from 2008 to 2013, but declines in China’s import demand have led to declines in total world coal trade in 2014 and, based on preliminary data, in 2015 as well. Nearly all of the 47% growth in total world coal trade between 2008 and 2013 was driven by rising coal import demands by countries in Asia, specifically China and India. Coal trade in the rest of the world declined over the same period. However, data for 2014 and 2015 indicate a reversal of this trend, with declines in China’s coal imports currently on pace to more than offset slight increases in other countries in both years. China imported 341 million short tons of coal in 2013, up from 45 million short tons in 2008, while India imported 203 million short tons, up from 69 million short tons. About 75% of China’s coal imports and 90% of India’s coal imports were steam coal, used primarily for electricity generation. Coking coal, used in the manufacture of steel, made up the remaining volumes. While China’s coal imports have been declining in 2014 and 2015, India’s imports continued to rise in 2014 and through the first half of 2015 as coal demand increased at a faster pace than domestic supplies. In China, rising output from domestic mines, improvements in coal transportation infrastructure, and slower growth in domestic coal demand have resulted in lower domestic coal prices and reduced demand for coal imports. Additionally, the Chinese government introduced a number of measures in late 2014 and early 2015 aimed at supporting China’s coal industry. These measures include reestablishing taxes on coal imports; placing limits on allowable sulfur, ash, and trace elements for imported coal; and issuing a directive to major utilities to reduce their annual coal imports by approximately 55 million short tons. In India, efforts are underway to substantially increase domestic coal production over the next few years and to complete three major rail transportation projects for facilitating increased shipments of coal from major producing regions in northeastern India to demand centers in other parts of the country. Although India’s coal producers have already increased domestic production in 2014 and through the first few months of 2015, the first of India’s three major coal railway projects, the Jharsuguda-Barpali railway link, is not scheduled to be completed until approximately 2017. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on SSY Consultancy and Research Ltd, International Energy Agency, U.S. Department of Commerce, and Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistics. Note: Graph does not include small balancing volume used to reconcile discrepancies between reported exports and imports. With the exception of North America, non-seaborne coal trade, which accounts for about 10% of total world coal trade, is not shown in the graph. Increases in exports from Indonesia and Australia met most of the expansion in international coal trade between 2008 and 2013. Indonesia’s exports increased by 247 million short tons, accounting for 56% of world coal export growth. Australia’s exports increased by 106 million short tons, accounting for an additional 24% of the global increase. Additional exports from Eurasia (49 million short tons) and the United States (36 million short tons) accounted for almost all of the remaining increase in coal exports during this period. Lack of growth in global demand for coal imports in 2014 and 2015 has led to significant declines in coal export sales from Indonesia and the United States. Export sales from other countries/regions, including Australia, Eurasia, southern Africa, and South America, are on track to be near or slightly higher in 2015 compared with 2013. U.S. coal exports are down primarily because of their higher production costs relative to other coal exporting countries. The decline in Indonesian exports is attributed primarily to China’s reduced demand for imported coal accompanied by reduced demand in both China and India for Indonesia’s lower-quality export coals.

Yanai M.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Koch J.,Israel Atomic Energy Commission | Dayan U.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Climatic Change | Year: 2010

As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Israel conducts a periodical inventory of greenhouse gases emissions. These data allowed the generation of time series of CO2 emissions per capita and per GDP for the period 1990-2004. It was found that CO2 emissions per capita increased dramatically from 1990 to 2000, reflecting the rapid economic growth that was initiated by the massive immigration wave at the beginning of the nineties. These emissions remained stable between 2000 and 2004, reflecting the economic stagnation caused by the uprising in the Palestinian Territories, as well as stagnation in the global economy. CO2 emissions per GDP (CO2 intensity) remained stable along the whole reviewed period. This stability can be explained by a shift in electricity consumption from the industrial sector towards the commercial and the residential sectors, corresponding to an increase in the standard of living in the same period. A comparison was held with countries considered as developed for many years represented by the five largest economies (G-5) and recently developed countries (RDCs). Although Israel exhibits emission levels within the range of the G-5 countries, it does not fit the patterns demonstrated by these countries. Trends observed in Israel resemble these observed in other RDCs, such as Spain or Greece, confirming the classification of Israel in this category. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Pradhan B.,Tribhuvan University | Shrestha R.,Tribhuvan University | Pradhanang S.,Tribhuvan University | Kayastha B.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Pradhan P.,Tribhuvan University
Industrial Health | Year: 2013

This paper intends to analyse responses of the working people to heat stress in Nepal's Tarai region. Here, the heat stress responses refer to the working environments- indoor and outdoor settings, prevailing diseases, and adaptive measures by the workers. Data were gathered from the sample households by using household survey, observation, and informal discussions. Environmental conditions in terms of heat exposure in the working areas have been measured with heat index, humidity index, and WBGT, based on the HOTHAPS approach. The findings are that: the average temperature during the peak hot months reached to over 39 °C and the environmental conditions in the selected factories during the hot summer months were too hot to the workers to work continuously during the day, where there was inadequacy of facilities to combat against the hot. Males were more exposed than females to the heat due to heavy type of works in outdoor settings. Few workers found to have adapted coping measures such as shift in working time, wearing thin cotton clothes, etc but they were inadequate against the heat stress. More quantitative measurements of workers' health effects and productivity loss will be of interest for future works. © 2013 National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.

Rottenberg Y.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Litwin H.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Manor O.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Paltiel A.,Central Bureau of Statistics | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Geriatric Oncology | Year: 2014

Objectives: To assess the association between social networks on survival after cancer diagnosis in a population-based sample of elderly Israelis (> 60. yo) living in the community in 1985 and followed for up to 20. years. Materials and Methods: We conducted a historical prospective study, using baseline measurements from a 1985 survey of a representative sample of community-dwelling population. Five distinct social networks were defined using information regarding number and intensity of social contacts: traditional-family (reference category), friends and neighbors, narrow-family, diverse, and attenuated. Cancer was ascertained through the Israel Cancer Registry, and mortality through the Population Registry after 20. years of follow-up. Results: The final study population included 676 participants diagnosed with cancer after 1985. Persons in the diverse network showed a lower risk of death (HR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.56-0.98) after adjusting for age, sex, smoking and self-assessed health. On the other hand, poor self-rated health at baseline (HR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.10-1.74 poor vs. all other categories of self-assessed health) was associated with increased risk of death. After excluding cancers amenable to early detection (breast, prostate, and colon) a borderline significant decreased risk of death following a diagnosis of cancer (HR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.52-1.01) was found. Conclusion: There is evidence of a significant protective association between diverse social networks present before a cancer diagnosis and survival after the onset of disease. Social support from a variety of sources may be an important element in improving cancer survival in older individuals. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Fleishman L.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Gubman Y.,Central Bureau of Statistics
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2015

This paper aims to develop and test a valid and reliable methodology to explore residents' attitudes toward religious composition of their neighborhood, by integrating traditionally used survey data with administrative data, and collaborative Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. The main research question is whether residents perceive changes in the religious composition of their neighborhood in relation to their personal religiosity. Focusing on the Jewish population, we compared residents' subjective assessment of changes in the religious composition of their neighborhood, obtained from Israel's 2009 Social Survey, with actual changes in the percentage of residents with differing degrees of religiosity. Using a specifically designed methodology, we found that the two groups on the extreme ends of the religious spectrum (ultraorthodox and nonreligious) are the keenest observers of changes in the religious composition within their neighborhoods. Subjective perception of the dynamics of neighborhood religious composition was found to be systematically associated with neighborhood satisfaction, individual traits, dwelling, and neighborhood characteristics. Using spatially dependent analysis, we also examined mutual relationships between the religious composition, both actual and perceived, of census tracts, based on distances between those geographic areas. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.

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