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Yanai M.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Koch J.,Israel Atomic Energy Commission | Dayan U.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Climatic Change | Year: 2010

As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Israel conducts a periodical inventory of greenhouse gases emissions. These data allowed the generation of time series of CO2 emissions per capita and per GDP for the period 1990-2004. It was found that CO2 emissions per capita increased dramatically from 1990 to 2000, reflecting the rapid economic growth that was initiated by the massive immigration wave at the beginning of the nineties. These emissions remained stable between 2000 and 2004, reflecting the economic stagnation caused by the uprising in the Palestinian Territories, as well as stagnation in the global economy. CO2 emissions per GDP (CO2 intensity) remained stable along the whole reviewed period. This stability can be explained by a shift in electricity consumption from the industrial sector towards the commercial and the residential sectors, corresponding to an increase in the standard of living in the same period. A comparison was held with countries considered as developed for many years represented by the five largest economies (G-5) and recently developed countries (RDCs). Although Israel exhibits emission levels within the range of the G-5 countries, it does not fit the patterns demonstrated by these countries. Trends observed in Israel resemble these observed in other RDCs, such as Spain or Greece, confirming the classification of Israel in this category. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Pradhan B.,Tribhuvan University | Shrestha R.,Tribhuvan University | Pradhanang S.,Tribhuvan University | Kayastha B.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Pradhan P.,Tribhuvan University
Industrial Health | Year: 2013

This paper intends to analyse responses of the working people to heat stress in Nepal's Tarai region. Here, the heat stress responses refer to the working environments- indoor and outdoor settings, prevailing diseases, and adaptive measures by the workers. Data were gathered from the sample households by using household survey, observation, and informal discussions. Environmental conditions in terms of heat exposure in the working areas have been measured with heat index, humidity index, and WBGT, based on the HOTHAPS approach. The findings are that: the average temperature during the peak hot months reached to over 39 °C and the environmental conditions in the selected factories during the hot summer months were too hot to the workers to work continuously during the day, where there was inadequacy of facilities to combat against the hot. Males were more exposed than females to the heat due to heavy type of works in outdoor settings. Few workers found to have adapted coping measures such as shift in working time, wearing thin cotton clothes, etc but they were inadequate against the heat stress. More quantitative measurements of workers' health effects and productivity loss will be of interest for future works. © 2013 National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Source


Rottenberg Y.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Litwin H.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Manor O.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Paltiel A.,Central Bureau of Statistics | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Geriatric Oncology | Year: 2014

Objectives: To assess the association between social networks on survival after cancer diagnosis in a population-based sample of elderly Israelis (> 60. yo) living in the community in 1985 and followed for up to 20. years. Materials and Methods: We conducted a historical prospective study, using baseline measurements from a 1985 survey of a representative sample of community-dwelling population. Five distinct social networks were defined using information regarding number and intensity of social contacts: traditional-family (reference category), friends and neighbors, narrow-family, diverse, and attenuated. Cancer was ascertained through the Israel Cancer Registry, and mortality through the Population Registry after 20. years of follow-up. Results: The final study population included 676 participants diagnosed with cancer after 1985. Persons in the diverse network showed a lower risk of death (HR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.56-0.98) after adjusting for age, sex, smoking and self-assessed health. On the other hand, poor self-rated health at baseline (HR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.10-1.74 poor vs. all other categories of self-assessed health) was associated with increased risk of death. After excluding cancers amenable to early detection (breast, prostate, and colon) a borderline significant decreased risk of death following a diagnosis of cancer (HR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.52-1.01) was found. Conclusion: There is evidence of a significant protective association between diverse social networks present before a cancer diagnosis and survival after the onset of disease. Social support from a variety of sources may be an important element in improving cancer survival in older individuals. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source


Poljicak M.,Central Bureau of Statistics
2014 37th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2014 - Proceedings | Year: 2014

In the European Statistical System (ESS) there are more and more generic information systems (ISs) being developed and implemented for production and dissemination of official statistics (OS) macrodata datasets. These generic systems are based on metadata repositories providing, in return, a whole set of additional functionalities and services for users of the systems. Microdata dissemination, being the youngest and least developed discipline in official statistics dataset dissemination, currently still lacks appropriate organization of business procedures and compatible generic tools for the purpose of integration of all the ESS' subsystems into one central Data Service (DS) providing microdata datasets for international users and enabling preservation of microdata datasets. The authors analyze current situation regarding statistical microdata sets acquisition and preservation in digital archives (DAs), provide valuable considerations and propose recommendations to take into account when developing repositories and systems for presentation of available microdata datasets to users. Along with that, the authors introduce the way of usage of appropriate Statistical Disclosure Control (SDC) methods for production of safe microdata outputs. Finally, the authors recommend the development of a central administrative metadata repository that could be used for users' authorization, and that could have additional services for users based on available metadata about users in the system. © 2014 MIPRO. Source


Deckert A.,University of Heidelberg | Winkler V.,University of Heidelberg | Paltiel A.,Central Bureau of Statistics | Becher H.,University of Heidelberg
BMC Public Health | Year: 2010

Background. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Large variations in CVD mortality between countries and also between population subgroups within countries have been observed. Previous studies showed significantly lower risks in German repatriates and Jews emigrating from Russia than in the general Russian population. We examined to what degree the migration of large subgroups influenced national CVD mortality rates. Methods. We used WHO data to map the CVD mortality distribution in Europe in 2005. Supplemented by data of the Statistisches Bundesamt, the mortality trends in three major CVD groups between 1980 and 2007 in Russia and Germany are displayed, as well as demographic information. The effects of migration on demography were estimated and percentage changes in CVD mortality trends were calculated under the assumption that migration had not occurred. Results. Cardiovascular disease mortality patterns within Europe showed a strong west-east gradient with ratios up to sixfold. In Germany, the CVD mortality levels were low and steadily decreasing, whereas in Russia they fluctuated at high levels with substantial differences between the sexes and strong correlations with political changes and health campaigns. The trends in both Russia and Germany were affected by the migration that occurred in both countries over recent decades. However, our restricted focus in only adjusting for the migration of German repatriates and Jews had moderate effects on the national CVD mortality statistics in Germany (+1.0%) and Russia (-0.6%). Conclusions. The effects on CVD mortality rates due to migration in Germany and Russia were smaller than those due to secular economical changes. However, migration should still be considered as a factor influencing national mortality trends. © 2010 Deckert et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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