Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS

Hinsdale, IL, United States

Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS

Hinsdale, IL, United States
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Zhang A.S.,Case Western Reserve University | Zhang A.S.,Sandia National Laboratories | Ostrom Q.T.,Case Western Reserve University | Ostrom Q.T.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS | And 6 more authors.
Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2017

Background. Complete prevalence proportions illustrate the burden of disease in a population. This study estimates the 2010 complete prevalence of malignant primary brain tumors overall and by Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) histology groups, and compares the brain tumor prevalence estimates to the complete prevalence of other common cancers as determined by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) by age at prevalence (2010): children (0-14 y), adolescent and young adult (AYA) (15-39 y), and adult (40+ y). Methods. Complete prevalence proportions were estimated using a novel regression method extended from the Completeness Index Method, which combines survival and incidence data from multiple sources. In this study, two datasets, CBTRUS and SEER, were used to calculate complete prevalence estimates of interest. Results. Complete prevalence for malignant primary brain tumors was 47.59/100000 population (22.31, 48.49, and 57.75/100000 for child, AYA, and adult populations). The most prevalent cancers by age were childhood leukemia (36.65/100000), AYA melanoma of the skin (66.21/100000), and adult female breast (1949.00/100000). The most prevalent CBTRUS histologies in children and AYA were pilocytic astrocytoma (6.82/100000, 5.92/100000), and glioblastoma (12.76/100000) in adults. Conclusions. The relative impact of malignant primary brain tumors is higher among children than any other age group; it emerges as the second most prevalent cancer among children. Complete prevalence estimates for primary malignant brain tumors flls a gap in overall cancer knowledge, which provides critical information toward public health and health care planning, including treatment, decision making, funding, and advocacy programs. © 2017 The Author.


Ostrom Q.T.,Case Western Reserve University | Ostrom Q.T.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS | Gittleman H.,Case Western Reserve University | Gittleman H.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2016

Cancer registries are an important source of population-level information on brain tumor incidence and survival. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries currently collect data on specific required factors related to brain tumors as defined by the American Joint Commission on Cancer, including World Health Organization (WHO) grade, MGMT methylation and 1p/19q codeletion status. We assessed ‘completeness’, defined as having valid values over the time periods that they have been collected, overall, by year, histology, and registry. Data were obtained through a SEER custom data request for four factors related to brain tumors for the years 2004–2012 (3/4 factors were collected only from 2010 to 2012). SEER*Stat was used to generate frequencies of ‘completeness’ for each factor overall, and by year, histology and registry. The four factors varied in completeness, but increased over time. WHO grade has been collected the longest, and showed significant increases in completeness. Completeness of MGMT and 1p/19q codeletion was highest for glioma subtypes for which testing is recommended by clinical practice guidelines. Completeness of all factors varied by histology and cancer registry. Overall, several of the factors had high completeness, and all increased in completeness over time. With increasing focus on ‘precision medicine’ and the incorporation of molecular parameters into the 2016 WHO CNS tumor classification, it is critical that the data are complete, and factors collected at the population level are fully integrated into cancer reporting. It is critical that cancer registries continue to collect established and emerging prognostic and predictive factors. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York


PubMed | Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS, Emory University, Case Western Reserve University, Harvard University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of neuro-oncology | Year: 2016

Cancer registries are an important source of population-level information on brain tumor incidence and survival. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries currently collect data on specific required factors related to brain tumors as defined by the American Joint Commission on Cancer, including World Health Organization (WHO) grade, MGMT methylation and 1p/19q codeletion status. We assessed completeness, defined as having valid values over the time periods that they have been collected, overall, by year, histology, and registry. Data were obtained through a SEER custom data request for four factors related to brain tumors for the years 2004-2012 (3/4 factors were collected only from 2010 to 2012). SEER*Stat was used to generate frequencies of completeness for each factor overall, and by year, histology and registry. The four factors varied in completeness, but increased over time. WHO grade has been collected the longest, and showed significant increases in completeness. Completeness of MGMT and 1p/19q codeletion was highest for glioma subtypes for which testing is recommended by clinical practice guidelines. Completeness of all factors varied by histology and cancer registry. Overall, several of the factors had high completeness, and all increased in completeness over time. With increasing focus on precision medicine and the incorporation of molecular parameters into the 2016 WHO CNS tumor classification, it is critical that the data are complete, and factors collected at the population level are fully integrated into cancer reporting. It is critical that cancer registries continue to collect established and emerging prognostic and predictive factors.


Gittleman H.R.,Case Western Reserve University | Gittleman H.R.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS | Ostrom Q.T.,Case Western Reserve University | Ostrom Q.T.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States CBTRUS | And 11 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Time trends in cancer incidence rates (IR) are important to measure the changing burden of cancer on a population over time.The overall IR of cancer in the United States is declining. Although central nervous system tumors (CNST) are rare, they contribute disproportionately to mortality and morbidity. In this analysis, the authors examined trends in the incidence of the most common cancers and CNST between 2000 and 2010. METHODS: The current analysis used data from the United States Cancer Statistics publication and the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States. Age-adjusted IR per 100,000 population with 95% confidence intervals and the annual percent change (APC) with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for selected common cancers and CNST overall and by age, sex, race/ethnicity, selected histologies, and malignancy status. RESULTS: In adults, there were significant decreases in colon (2000-2010: APC, -3.1), breast (2000-2010: APC, -0.8), lung (2000-2010: APC, -1.1), and prostate (2000-2010: APC, -2.4) cancer as well as malignant CNST (2008-2010: APC, -3.1), but a significant increase was noted in nonmalignant CNST (2004-2010: APC, 2.7). In adolescents, there were significant increases in malignant CNST (2000-2008: APC, 1.0) and nonmalignant CNST (2004-2010: APC, 3.9). In children, there were significant increases in acute lymphocytic leukemia (2000-2010: APC, 1.0), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (2000-2010: APC, 0.6), and malignant CNST (2000-2010: APC, 0.6). CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance of IR trends is an important way to measure the changing public health and economic burden of cancer. In the current study, there were significant decreases noted in the incidence of adult cancer, whereas adolescent and childhood cancer IR were either stable or increasing. © 2014 The Authors. Cancer published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Cancer Society.

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