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Duong L.M.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | McCarthy B.J.,University of Illinois at Chicago | McLendon R.E.,Duke University | Dolecek T.A.,University of Illinois at Chicago | And 3 more authors.

Background: Primary tumors of the spinal cord, spinal meninges, and cauda equina are relatively rare, and a paucity of population-based data exist on tumors in these sites. This study intends to augment the current literature by examining incidence of these tumors on a national level. Methods: Data from central cancer registries in the National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) programs for 2004-2007 (covering 99.2% of US population) and 1999-2007 (covering 89.4% of US population) were analyzed. Analyses for diagnosis years 2004-2007 included cases of malignant and nonmalignant primary spinal cord, spinal meninges, and cauda equina tumors. Descriptive statistics including estimated age-adjusted incidence rates standardized to the 2000 US standard population were conducted for both malignant and nonmalignant primary spinal tumors from cases diagnosed during 2004-2007 as well as trend analyses on malignant cases of primary spinal tumors (n = 5103) for cases diagnosed during 1999-2007 using SEERStat 6.6.2 software. Results: There were 2576 cases of malignant primary spinal tumors and 9136 cases of nonmalignant primary spinal tumors in 2004-2007. The incidence of malignant and nonmalignant primary spinal tumors combined differed by age, sex, race, and ethnicity. Results of trend analyses indicated that malignant primary spinal tumors have been stable throughout the 1999-2007 period. Conclusions: This large population-based study adds new insights into the descriptive epidemiology of primary spinal cord, spinal meninges, and cauda equina tumors by providing in-depth analyses of the incidence of these tumors on a national level. © 2011 American Cancer Society. Source

McCarthy B.J.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Shibui S.,National Cancer Center Hospital | Kayama T.,National Cancer Center Hospital | Miyaoka E.,Tokyo University of Science | And 9 more authors.

Intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) are relatively rare. Their incidence has been considered to be higher in East Asia than in the United States. This study estimates the incidence of CNS GCTs in Japan and the United States, investigates gender discrepancies in each country, and describes treatment outcomes. Data on primary CNS GCTs from 4 databases were utilized: population-based malignant incidence data from (1) the Japan Cancer Surveillance Research Group (2004-2006;14 registries), malignant and nonmalignant incidence data from (2) the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (2004-2008;17 registries), and hospital-based observed survival data from (3) the Brain Tumor Registry of Japan (1984-2000) and (4) the US National Cancer Data Base (1990-2003). Incidence rates per 100 000 for malignant GCTs were not statistically significantly different between Japan (males = 0.143, females = 0.046) and the United States (males = 0.118, females = 0.030). The malignant incidence-rate ratio was higher for pineal GCTs versus nonpineal (ie, the rest of the brain) GCTs in Japan (11.5:1 vs 1.9:1, respectively) and the United States (16.0:1 vs 1.7:1, respectively). In general, 5-year survival estimates were high: over 75% for all GCTs, and over 81% for germinomas, regardless of the type of treatment in either Japan or the United States. The incidence of primary GCTs is similar between Japan and the United States and has the same gender-based patterns by location. High rates of survival were observed in both countries. © The Author(s) 2012. Source

Gittleman H.,Case Comprehensive Cancer Center | Gittleman H.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States | Ostrom Q.T.,Case Comprehensive Cancer Center | Ostrom Q.T.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery

Object. Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the pituitary gland. The Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) contains the largest aggregation of population-based data on the incidence of primary CNS tumors in the US. These data were used to determine the incidence of tumors of the pituitary and associated trends between 2004 and 2009. Methods. Using incidence data from 49 population-based state cancer registries, 2004-2009, age-adjusted incidence rates per 100,000 population for pituitary tumors with ICD-O-3 (International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition) histology codes 8040, 8140, 8146, 8246, 8260, 8270, 8271, 8272, 8280, 8281, 8290, 8300, 8310, 8323, 9492 (site C75.1 only), and 9582 were calculated overall and by patient sex, race, Hispanic ethnicity, and age at diagnosis. Corresponding annual percent change (APC) scores and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated using Joinpoint to characterize trends in incidence rates over time. Diagnostic confirmation by subregion of the US was also examined. Results. The overall annual incidence rate increased from 2.52 (95% CI 2.46-2.58) in 2004 to 3.13 (95% CI 3.07-3.20) in 2009. Associated time trend yielded an APC of 4.25% (95% CI 2.91%-5.61%). When stratifying by patient sex, the annual incidence rate increased from 2.42 (95% CI 2.33-2.50) to 2.94 (95% CI 2.85-3.03) in men and 2.70 (95% CI 2.62-2.79) to 3.40 (95% CI 3.31-3.49) in women, with APCs of 4.35% (95% CI 3.21%-5.51%) and 4.34% (95% CI 2.23%-6.49%), respectively. When stratifying by race, the annual incidence rate increased from 2.31 (95% CI 2.25-2.37) to 2.81 (95% CI 2.74-2.88) in whites, 3.99 (95% CI 3.77-4.23) to 5.31 (95% CI 5.06-5.56) in blacks, 1.77 (95% CI 1.26-2.42) to 2.52 (95% CI 1.96-3.19) in American Indians or Alaska Natives, and 1.86 (95% CI 1.62-2.13) to 2.03 (95% CI 1.80-2.28) in Asians or Pacific Islanders, with APCs of 3.91% (95% CI 2.88%-4.95%), 5.25% (95% CI 3.19%-7.36%), 5.31% (95% CI -0.11% to 11.03%), and 2.40% (95% CI -3.20% to 8.31%), respectively. When stratifying by Hispanic ethnicity, the annual incidence rate increased from 2.46 (95% CI 2.40-2.52) to 3.03 (95% CI 2.97-3.10) in non-Hispanics and 3.12 (95% CI 2.91-3.34) to 4.01 (95% CI 3.80-4.24) in Hispanics, with APCs of 4.15% (95% CI 2.67%-5.65%) and 5.01% (95% CI 4.42%-5.60%), respectively. When stratifying by age at diagnosis, the incidence of pituitary tumor was highest for those 65-74 years old and lowest for those 15-24 years old, with corresponding overall age-adjusted incidence rates of 6.39 (95% CI 6.24-6.54) and 1.56 (95% CI 1.51-1.61), respectively. Conclusions. In this large patient cohort, the incidence of pituitary tumors reported between 2004 and 2009 was found to increase. Possible explanations for this increase include changes in documentation, changes in the diagnosis and registration of these tumors, improved diagnostics, improved data collection, increased awareness of pituitary diseases among physicians and the public, longer life expectancies, and/or an actual increase in the incidence of these tumors in the US population. ©AANS, 2014. Source

Davis F.G.,University of Alberta | Davis F.G.,Edmonton Clinic Health Academy | Dolecek T.A.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Dolecek T.A.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States | And 3 more authors.

Few population estimates of brain metastasis in the United States are available, prompting this study. Our objective was to estimate the expected number of metastatic brain tumors that would subsequently develop among incident cancer cases for 1 diagnosis year in the United States. Incidence proportions for primary cancer sites known to develop brain metastasis were applied to United States cancer incidence data for 2007 that were retrieved from accessible data sets through Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Wonder) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program Web sites. Incidence proportions were identified for cancer sites, reflecting 80% of all cancers. It was conservatively estimated that almost 70 000 new brain metastases would occur over the remaining lifetime of individuals who received a diagnosis in 2007 of primary invasive cancer in the United States. That is, 6% of newly diagnosed cases of cancer during 2007 would be expected to develop brain metastasis as a progression of their original cancer diagnosis; the most frequent sites for metastases being lung and bronchus and breast cancers. The estimated numbers of brain metastasis will be expected to be higher among white individuals, female individuals, and older age groups. Changing patterns in the occurrence of primary cancers, trends in populations at risk, effectiveness of treatments on survival, and access to those treatments will influence the extent of brain tumor metastasis at the population level. These findings provide insight on the patterns of brain tumor metastasis and the future burden of this condition in the United States. © The Author(s) 2012. Source

Kshettry V.R.,Cleveland Clinic | Ostrom Q.T.,Case Western Reserve University | Ostrom Q.T.,Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States | Kruchko C.,Case Western Reserve University | And 5 more authors.

Background. Because World Health Organization (WHO) grades II and III meningiomas are relatively uncommon, there is limited literature on the descriptive epidemiology of these tumors, and the existing literature predates the 2000 WHO classification revisions. Our purpose was to provide a modern, population-based study of the descriptive epidemiology of WHO II and III meningiomas in the United States. Methods. The Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) was queried for intracranial meningiomas categorized by WHO grade for the 2004C2010 study period. Age-adjusted incidence (95% confidence interval in parentheses) per 100 000 population was calculated by age, sex, race, and ethnicity. Annual percent change (APC) was calculated using Joinpoint. Results. From 2004 to 2010, the incidence of WHO II intracranial meningiomas increased from 0.28 (95% CI, 0.27C0.29) to 0.30 (95% CI, 0.28C0.32), representing an APC of 3.6% (95%CI, 0.8%C6.5%). Conversely, from 2000C2010, the incidence of WHO III meningiomas decreased from 0.13 (95% CI, 0.11C0.14) to 0.06 (95%CI, 0.06C0.07), representing an APC of 25.4% (95% CI, 26.8% to 24.0%). From 2004 to 2010, the overall proportion of WHO I, II, and III intracranial meningiomas was 94.6%, 4.2%, and 1.2%, respectively. For WHO II/III meningiomas, females in the 35C64 year age group had a higher incidence than males in the same age group, whereas males in the ¡Ý75 year age group ¡Ý had a higher incidence. Black and Asian Pacific Islander races were both associated with the highest incidence of WHO II/III meningiomas. Hispanic ethnicity was not associated with any difference in incidence. Conclusion. This study presents the most comprehensive evaluation of the modern descriptive epidemiology of WHO II and III meningiomas. Temporal trends likely reflect the 2000 WHO histological criteria revisions. Source

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