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Mayang Imphal, India

Central Agricultural University is an agricultural university at Iroisemba,Imphal in the Indian state of Manipur.The Central Agricultural University was established by an act of Parliament, the Central Agricultural University Act 1992 . The Act came into effect on 26 January 1993 with the issue of necessary notification by the Department of Agricultural Research and Education , Government of India. The university became functional with the joining of the first vice-chancellor on 13 September 1993.The jurisdiction of the university extends to six North-Eastern Hill States: Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura. It offers undergraduate teaching and postgraduate teaching , research and extension activities at College of Veterinary science & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram. It offers B.Sc. every year and M.Sc. in Agronomy, Plant Pathology, Horticulture, Plant Breeding and Genetics, Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, and Entomology. It imparts teaching in the field of horticulture, fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, and Food Technology in various constituent colleges spanning north-eastern states. Wikipedia.

Raj S.,Central Agricultural University
Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension | Year: 2013

Purpose: This case study deals with the implementation methodology, innovations and lessons of the ICT initiative in providing agricultural extension services to the rural tribal farming community of North-East India. Methodology: This study documents the ICT project implementation challenges, impact among farmers and briefly indicates lessons of the e-agriculture project. Findings: The e-agriculture prototype demonstrated that the Rs. 2,400 (USD 53) cost of the extension services to provide farm advisory services was saved per farmer per year, expenditure was reduced 3.6 times in comparison with the conventional extension system. Sixteenfold less time was required by the farmers for availing the services and threefold less time was required to deliver the services to the farmers compared with the conventional extension system. However, this article argues that in less developed areas, information through ICTs alone may not create expected development. Along with appropriate agricultural information and knowledge, field demonstrations and forward (farm machinery, manure, seeds) and backward linkages (post-harvest technology and market) need to be facilitated with appropriate public-private partnership between knowledge and other rural advisory service providers for agricultural development. Practical implications: This article lists a number of practical lessons which will be useful for the successful planning and implementation of e-agriculture projects in developing countries. Original value: This article is a first case study on ICTs for agricultural extension initiatives among the tribal farmers who dominate the less developed North-East India. © 2013 Copyright Wageningen University. Source

Singh D.,Central Agricultural University
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2012

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) genotypes 'Parbhani Kranti' and 'Arka Anamika' resistant to Al 3+ were crossed to two aluminium-sensitive genotypes, 'CO-203' and 'Punjab-7' to determine the nature of inheritance of resistance. The parents, F 1, F 2 and F 3 generations were grown in nutrient solution containing 10mg/l Al 3+ for hematoxylin staining of root tips and classified for tolerance. The segregation ratios between the resistant and sensitive genotypes in the F 2 (n=1071) and F 3 (n=335) were 15: 1 and 7: 8:1, respectively. These results indicated that Al 3+ resistance is controlled by two dominant genes. This is the first report of Al 3+ resistance in okra. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Wani S.H.,Farm Science Center Hengbung | Singh N.B.,Central Agricultural University | Haribhushan A.,Farm Science Center Hengbung | Mir J.I.,Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture
Current Genomics | Year: 2013

Abiotic stresses collectively are responsible for crop losses worldwide. Among these, drought and salinity are the most destructive. Different strategies have been proposed for management of these stresses. Being a complex trait, conventional breeding approaches have resulted in less success. Biotechnology has emerged as an additional and novel tool for deciphering the mechanism behind these stresses. The role of compatible solutes in abiotic stress tolerance has been studied extensively. Osmotic adjustment, at the physiological level, is an adaptive mechanism involved in drought or salinity tolerance, which permits the maintenance of turgor under conditions of water deficit, as it can counteract the effects of a rapid decline in leaf water potential. Increasing evidence from a series of in vivo and in vitro studies of the physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and molecular biology of plants suggest strongly that Glycine Betaine (GB) performs an important function in plants subjected to environmental stresses. It plays an adaptive role in mediating osmotic adjustment and protecting the sub-cellular structures in stressed plants, protection of the transcriptional and translational machineries and intervention as a molecular chaperone in the refolding of enzymes. Many important crops like rice do not accumulate glycinebetaine under stress conditions. Both the exogenous application of GB and the genetically engineered biosynthesis of GB in such crops is a promising strategy to increase stress tolerance. In this review we will discuss the importance of GB for abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Further, strategies like exogenic application and transgenic development of plants accumulating GB will be also be discussed. Work done on exogenic application and genetically engineered biosynthesis of GB will be listed and its advantages and limitations will be described. ©2013 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Muzaddadi A.U.,Central Agricultural University | Basu S.,C I F E
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2012

A survey was carried out in two states of Northeastern India namely Assam and Tripura to study the indigenous technology of Shidal (a pasty and solid, semi fermented fishery product) preparation, indigenous fish oil extraction method and shidal recipe preparation techniques and data were collected from the experts belonging to ethnic tribes, ethnic Bengali and Muslims communities. The skeletal method of shidal preparation had minor differences between the localities. The village fishers followed a method where semi-dried local varieties of Puntius spp. were utilized, whereas the commercial producers utilized the fully dried Puntius spp mostly imported from other Indian states, as the raw material. Moistened fish are tightly packed into an oil processed earthen pot and sealed almost airtight. Fish are allowed to get fermented anaerobically by some resident bacteria for about 6 months. Mainly the fish protein and lipid are broken down to some peptides, amino acids, fatty acids, indole, sketole, etc. producing a strong characteristic odour of shidal. Source

Kusre B.C.,Central Agricultural University
Journal of the Geological Society of India | Year: 2016

The North eastern region is characterized by undulating terrain and high rainfall. Such condition creates a situation of floods in the downstream plain areas of Assam. Difficulties in monitoring the data collection of hydrological events (runoff and sediment yield) in the rugged terrain hinders the planning of suitable control measures. To overcome such constraints alternate measures need to be explored and the study of terrain is one such approach. The study of terrain (morphometry) can help in diagnosing the hydrological behavior of any watershed. In the present study morphometric analysis was done to determine the drainage characteristics of Diyung watershed in Kopili river basin using topographic maps and GIS tools. The morphometric analysis indicates high values of stream density (15464), stream length ratio (1.81); Bifurcation ratio (3.66), RHO coefficient (0.49), Stream frequency (5.26 km-2), Drainage density (3.24), indicative of high runoff generation capabilities of the watershed. This high runoff from the watershed is the main reason for floods in the downstream areas. Based on the results, structural and non-structural measures are proposed to mitigate the impacts of flood events. © 2016, Geological Society of India. Source

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