Sovacool B.K.,Center on Asia and Globalisation |
D'Agostino A.L.,Center on Asia and Globalisation |
Bambawale M.J.,Center on Asia and Globalisation
Energy for Sustainable Development | Year: 2011
This article explores the Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project (REAP) in Mongolia, an internationally sponsored $23 million program that delivered more than 40,000 solar home systems (SHS) and small-scale wind turbine systems (WTS) to nomadic herders. It begins by explaining its methods of data collection, consisting primarily of semi-structured research interviews and site visits. It then briefly describes the history and status of the electricity sector in Mongolia, as well as the current state of rural electrification and energy use among nomads and off-grid herders. Next, it explains the genesis of REAP, exploring its three primary components related to herder electrification, expansion of soum electricity services, and national capacity building. The following sections analyze the benefits derived from REAP as well as its lingering challenges. The final section concludes by noting that grid electrification efforts should continually be complemented with targeted policies and programs aimed at assisting herders, that rural energy programs work best when they ensure the participation of the private sector and also solicit feedback from consumers and end users, and that rural electricity services should be coupled with broader economic development efforts. © 2010 International Energy Initiative.
Sovacool B.K.,Center on Asia and Globalisation
Land Use Policy | Year: 2010
This article uses research interviews, field research, and critical stakeholder analysis to identify the relevant actors and institutions involved in the Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline (TAGP) Network, a proposed multibillion dollar energy project in Southeast Asia. Based on more than 100 interviews at government institutions, multilateral development banks, universities, consulting firms, energy companies, and nongovernmental organizations, along with field research in Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, the article traces the interests, resources, and agendas involved with TAGP stakeholders. The article finds points of conflict between stakeholders as well as motivations for convergence and cooperation. The article provides insight into whether private interests will trump the public good potential of the TAGP, and also critically questions the efficacy of multilateral coordination on energy issues within Southeast Asia. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.