Brara A.,Polytechnic School of Algiers |
Brara A.,University of Lorraine |
Brara A.,Center National Detudes Et Of Recherches Integrees Du Batiment Cnerib |
Daouadji A.,University of Lorraine |
And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering | Year: 2016
In this study, the small strain shear modulus Gmax and the damping ratio Dmin of sand–rubber mixtures with a small particles size ratio Sr (D50rubber/D50sand = .36) are characterised by shear wave propagation using bender elements inserted in a modified triaxial cell. The influence of addition of less than 50% rubber volume fractions Rf in a range of confining pressures varying from 50 to 500 kPa was investigated. The results showed that, for all confining pressures, the shear modulus decreases with increasing rubber volume fractions, while the damping ratio linearly increases. A quasi-conservation of shear modulus up to a volume fraction Rf = .2 and sharp decrease beyond this content is observed. The shear modulus decay and the damping enhancement with addition of rubber fractions are mitigated by increasing confining pressures. An optimal increase of the damping ratio without significant loss of rigidity and a minimal sensitivity to confining pressure for mixtures containing about 10% rubber is highlighted. The shear modulus and damping ratio are power function of the mean effective stress within the range studied. © 2016 Taylor & Francis