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Saint-Sauveur-en-Rue, France

Poincloux L.,University Hospital of Clermont Ferrand | Scanzi J.,University Hospital of Clermont Ferrand | Goutte M.,University Hospital of Clermont Ferrand | Pereira B.,University Hospital of Clermont Ferrand | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic snare papillectomy (ESP) is a viable alternative to surgical treatment of ampullary adenomas and T1N0 stage ampullary carcinomas. The main drawback of this technique is the high risk of acute pancreatitis post procedure.The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and long-term results of this procedure, and to determine whether routine pancreatic intubation facilitated by intraductal methylene blue (MB) injection reduces the risk for pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2004 and 2011, 56 consecutive patients underwent ESP. Before resection, the pancreatic duct was cannulated, and MB was injected intraductally to facilitate stent placement after ampullectomy. RESULTS: ESP was performed en bloc in 45 patients with histological findings of low-grade dysplasia (39%), high-grade dysplasia (25%), carcinoma (32.5%), and others (3.5%). The morbidity rate was 19.5%: acute pancreatitis (n=6), bleeding (n=4), perforation (n=1), and sepsis (n=1). Pancreatic intubation was performed in 89% of the patients. Postprocedure pancreatitis occurred significantly less in the patients with a pancreatic stent than in those without: 3/49 versus 3/6, P=0.013. ESP was considered as curative in 39 patients (75%). Of the 12 recurrences (25%), 10 were managed endoscopically, but with higher morbidity (acute pancreatitis=40%). CONCLUSION: Endoscopic papillectomy is safe and effective in the hands of experts. Pancreatic-duct stent placement in fewer cannulation attempts could be facilitated by injection of MB before papillectomy, and this decreases the risk for postprocedure pancreatitis. Recurrences can be managed endoscopically, but with a higher risk for pancreatitis. © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Dupouy S.,UMRS U938 | Doan V.K.,UMRS U938 | Wu Z.,UMRS U938 | Wu Z.,University of Paris Descartes | And 8 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2014

A present challenge in breast oncology research is to identify therapeutical targets which could impact tumor progression. Neurotensin (NTS) and its high affinity receptor (NTSR1) are up regulated in 20% of breast cancers, and NTSR1 overexpression was shown to predict a poor prognosis for 5 year overall survival in invasive breast carcinomas. Interactions between NTS and NTSR1 induce pro-oncogenic biological effects associated with neoplastic processes and tumor progression. Here, we depict the cellular mechanisms activated by NTS, and contributing to breast cancer cell aggressiveness. We show that neurotensin (NTS) and its high affinity receptor (NTSR1) contribute to the enhancement of experimental tumor growth and metastasis emergence in an experimental mice model. This effect ensued following EGFR, HER2, and HER3 over-expression and autocrine activation and was associated with an increase of metalloproteinase MMP9, HB-EGF and Neuregulin 2 in the culture media. EGFR over expression ensued in a more intense response to EGF on cellular migration and invasion. Accordingly, lapatinib, an EGFR/HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, as well as metformin, reduced the tumor growth of cells overexpressing NTS and NTSR1. All cellular effects, such as adherence, migration, invasion, altered by NTS/NTSR1 were abolished by a specific NTSR1 antagonist. A strong statistical correlation between NTS-NTSR1-and HER3 (p< 0.0001) as well as NTS-NTSR1-and HER3- HER2 (p< 0.001) expression was found in human breast tumors. Expression of NTS/NTSR1 on breast tumoral cells creates a cellular context associated with cancer aggressiveness by enhancing epidermal growth factor receptor activity. We propose the use of labeled NTS/NTSR1 complexes to enlarge the population eligible for therapy targeting HERs tyrosine kinase inhibitor or HER2 overexpression.

Tunon-De-Lara C.,Institute Bergonie | Lemanski C.,Center Val urelle | Cohen-Solal-Le-Nir C.,Rene Huguenin Center | De Lafontan B.,Institute Claudius Regaud | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2010

Background: After breast conservative treatment (BCT), young age is a predictive factor for recurrence in patients with Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) of the breast. The purpose of this study was to evaluate predictive factors for recurrence and outcomes in these younger women (under 40 years) treated for pure DCIS. Methods: From 1974 to 2003, 207 cases were collected in 12 French Cancer Centers. Median age was 36.3 years and median follow-up 160 months. Seventy four (35.8%) underwent mastectomy, 67 (32.4%) lumpectomy alone and 66 (31.9%) lumpectomy plus radiotherapy. Results: 37 recurrences occurred (17.8%): 14 (38%) were in situ and 23 (62%) invasive. After BCT, the overall rate of recurrence was 27% (33% in the lumpectomy plus radiotherapy group vs. 21% in the lumpectomy alone group). Comedocarcinoma subtype ( p = 0.004), histological size more than 10 mm ( p = 0.011), necrosis ( p = 0.022) and positive margin status ( p = 0.019) were statistically significant predictive factors for recurrence. The actuarial 15-year rates of local recurrence were 29%, 42% and 37% in the lumpectomy alone, lumpectomy and whole breast radiotherapy and lumpectomy p whole breast radiotherapy with additional boost groups respectively. After recurrence, the 10-year overall survival rate was 67.2%. Conclusion: High recurrence rates (mainly invasive) after BCT in young women with DCIS are confirmed. BCT in this subgroup of patients is possible if clear and large margins are obtained, tumor size is under 11 mm and necrosis- and/or comedocarcinoma-free. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bibault J.-E.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | Bibault J.-E.,Center Antoine Beclere | Leroy T.,Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center | Leroy T.,Center Antoine Beclere | And 22 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2014

Purpose Social media and mobile technology are transforming the way in which young physicians are learning and practicing medicine. The true impact of such technologies has yet to be evaluated. Methods and Materials We performed a nationwide cross-sectional survey to better assess how young radiation oncologists used these technologies. An online survey was sent out between April 24, 2013, and June 1, 2013. All residents attending the 2013 radiation oncology French summer course were invited to complete the survey. Logistic regressions were performed to assess predictors of use of these tools in the hospital on various clinical endpoints. Results In all, 131 of 140 (93.6%) French young radiation oncologists answered the survey. Of these individuals, 93% owned a smartphone and 32.8% owned a tablet. The majority (78.6%) of the residents owning a smartphone used it to work in their department. A total of 33.5% had more than 5 medical applications installed. Only 60.3% of the residents verified the validity of the apps that they used. In all, 82.9% of the residents had a social network account. Conclusions Most of the residents in radiation oncology use their smartphone to work in their department for a wide variety of tasks. However, the residents do not consistently check the validity of the apps that they use. Residents also use social networks, with only a limited impact on their relationship with their patients. Overall, this study highlights the irruption and the risks of new technologies in the clinical practice and raises the question of a possible regulation of their use in the hospital. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Chevreau C.,Institute Claudius Regaud | Le Cesne A.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute | Ray-Coquard I.,Leon Berard Center | Italiano A.,Bergonie Institute | And 12 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND There is no standard treatment for progressive epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). To investigate the significant vascularization of EHE, the activity/toxicity of sorafenib in patients with progressive EHE was explored. METHODS In this multicenter, 1-stage, phase 2 trial of sorafenib (800 mg daily), the primary endpoint, which was chosen by default, was the 9-month progression-free rate. All patients had documented progressive disease at the time of study entry. RESULTS Fifteen patients were enrolled between June 2009 and February 2011. The median age was 57 years (range, 31-76 years), and the ratio of men to women was 9:6. The performance status was zero in 10 patients and 1 in 5 patients. Twelve patients had metastases, mainly in the lung (12 patients), liver (5 patients), and bone (3 patients). Five patients had received prior chemotherapy (doxorubicin in 5 patients and taxane in 3 patients). The median sorafenib treatment duration was 124 days (range, from 27 to >271 days). Seven patients required dose reductions or transient treatment discontinuation. The 9-month progression-free rate was 30.7% (4 of 13 patients). The 2-month, 4-month, and 6-month progression-free rate was 84.6% (11 of 13 patients), 46.4% (6 of 13 patients), and 38.4% (5 of 13 patients), respectively. Two partial responses were observed that lasted 2 months and 9 months. CONCLUSIONS Further clinical trials exploring sorafenib as treatment of progressive EHE are needed. © 2013 American Cancer Society.

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