Coriat R.,Service de Gastroenterologie |
Coriat R.,University of Paris Descartes |
Lecler A.,Service de Gastroenterologie |
Lamarque D.,University of Paris Descartes |
And 15 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Background and Aims: Healthcare professionals are required to conduct quality control of endoscopy procedures, and yet there is no standardised method for assessing quality. The topic of the present study was to validate the applicability of the procedure in daily practice, giving physicians the ability to define areas for continuous quality improvement. Methods: In ten endoscopy units in France, 200 patients per centre undergoing colonoscopy were enrolled in the study. An evaluation was carried out based on a prospectively developed checklist of 10 quality-control indicators including five dependent upon and five independent of the colonoscopy procedure. Results: Of the 2000 procedures, 30% were done at general hospitals, 20% at university hospitals, and 50% in private practices. The colonoscopies were carried out for a valid indication for 95.9% (range 92.5-100). Colon preparation was insufficient in 3.7% (range 1-10.5). Colonoscopies were successful in 95.3% (range 81-99). Adenoma detection rate was 0.31 (range 0.17-0.45) in successful colonoscopies. Conclusion: This tool for evaluating the quality of colonoscopy procedures in healthcare units is based on standard endoscopy and patient criteria. It is an easy and feasible procedure giving the ability to detect suboptimal practice and differences between endoscopy-units. It will enable individual units to assess the quality of their colonoscopy techniques. © 2012 Coriat et al.
Ornetti P.,Service de rhumatologie |
Ornetti P.,University of Burgundy |
Fortunet C.,Center hospitalier William Morey |
Morisset C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
And 6 more authors.
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine | Year: 2015
Objective: Evaluation of the clinical effectiveness and safety of a new custom-made valgus knee brace (OdrA) in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) in terms of pain and secondary symptoms. Methods: Open-label prospective study of patients with symptomatic medial knee OA with clinical evaluation at 6 and 52 weeks (W6, W52). We systematically assessed pain on a visual analog scale (VAS), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), spatio-temporal gait variables, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesic-sparing effects of the brace and tolerance. Mean scores were compared at baseline, W6 and W52 and the effect size (ES) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated. Results: We included 20 patients with knee OA (mean age 64.2±10.2 years, mean body mass index 27.2±5.4kg/m2). VAS pain and KOOS were improved at W6 and W52: pain (ES=0.9 at 1 year), amelioration of other symptoms (ES=0.4), and function in activities of daily living (ES=1.1), sports and leisure (ES=1.5), quality of life (ES=0.9) and gait speed (ES=0.41). In total, 76% of patients showed clinical improvement at 1 year. Analgesic and NSAIDs consumption was significantly decreased at W6 and W52. One serious adverse effect noted was lower-limb varices, and observance was deemed satisfactory at 1 year. Conclusion: This new unloader brace appeared to have good effect on medial knee OA, with an acceptable safety profile and good patient compliance. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.
PubMed | Aix - Marseille University, Center hospitalier William Morey, Pole psychologues et sante PACA, Clinique Mon Repos and Clinique Meyzieu
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bulletin du cancer | Year: 2015
According to the point 7.6 and 7.7 of the Cancer Plan 2014, all cancer patients should have access to supportive care. Indeed, the supportive care consultation in oncology is an important tool for the symptom management of cancer patients at all times of treatment. This consultation can be mono-disciplinary or multi-disciplinary (with different professions: physician, nurse, psychologist, social service assistant) with or without integration (multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary). There are few studies focusing on the types of consultations (mono- or multidisciplinary) to promote based on their expected outcomes. After describing the different types of consultations (initial, follow-up, unscheduled, discharge) and having highlighted the main issues of these consultations, we will present the possible configurations. Our discussion will concern then the advantages and disadvantages of monodisciplinarity and different types of multidisciplinary highlighting the possible improvements. At the end of this work, after a brief synthesis of the different outcomes associated with each type of consultation, we would like to discuss the type of consultation to choose according to the outcomes.
PubMed | Clinique de Genetique medicale, Center Hospitalier William Morey, Service de Genetique clinique and Institute Of Biochimie Et Genetique Moleculaire
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Clinical genetics | Year: 2015
During limb development, the spatio-temporal expression of sonic hedgehog (SHH) is driven by the Zone of polarizing activity Regulatory Sequence (ZRS), located 1 megabase upstream from SHH. Gain-of-function mutations of this enhancer, which cause ectopic expression of SHH, are known to be responsible for congenital limb malformations with variable expressivity, ranging from preaxial polydactyly or triphalangeal thumbs to polysyndactyly, which may also be associated with mesomelic deficiency. In this report, we describe a patient affected with mirror-image polydactyly of the four extremities and bilateral tibial deficiency. The probands father had isolated preaxial polydactyly type II (PPD2). Using Sanger sequencing, a ZRS point mutation (NC_000007.14, g.156584153A>G, UCSC, Build hg.19) was only identified in the patient. However, pyrosequencing analysis enabled the detection of a 10% somatic mosaic in the blood and saliva from the father. To our knowledge, this is the first description of a ZRS mosaic mutation. This report highlights the complexity of genotype-phenotype correlation in ZRS-associated syndromes and the importance of detecting somatic mosaicism for accurate genetic counselling.
PubMed | Clinique University Mont Godinne, Nancy University Hospital Center, Saint Antoine University Hospital, Lille University Hospital Center and 19 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Blood | Year: 2016
Guidelines for monitoring multiple myeloma (MM) patients expressing light chains only (light-chain MM [LCMM]) rely on measurements of monoclonal protein in urine. Alternatively, serum free light chain (sFLC) measurements have better sensitivity over urine methods, however, demonstration that improved sensitivity provides any clinical benefit is lacking. Here, we compared performance of serum and urine measurements in 113 (72, 41) newly diagnosed LCMM patients enrolled in the Intergroupe Francophone du Mylome (IFM) 2009 trial. All diagnostic samples (100%) had an abnormal : sFLC ratio, and involved (monoclonal) FLC (iFLC) expressed at levels deemed measurable for monitoring (100 mg/L). By contrast, only 64% patients had measurable levels of monoclonal protein (200 mg per 24 hours) in urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP). After 1 and 3 treatment cycles, iFLC remained elevated in 71% and 46% of patients, respectively, whereas UPEP reported a positive result in 37% and 18%; all of the patients with positive UPEP at cycle 3 also had elevated iFLC levels. Importantly, elevated iFLC or an abnormal : sFLC ratio after 3 treatment cycles associated with poorer progression-free survival (P = .006 and P < .0001, respectively), whereas positive UPEP or urine immunofixation electrophoresis (uIFE) did not. In addition, patients with an abnormal : sFLC ratio had poorer overall survival (P = .022). Finally, early normalization of : sFLC ratio but not negative uIFE predicted achieving negative minimal residual disease, as determined by flow cytometry, after consolidation therapy (100% positive predictive value). We conclude that improved sensitivity and prognostic value of serum over urine measurements provide a strong basis for recommending the former for monitoring LCMM patients.
Thiery-Antier N.,Center Hospitalier William Morey |
Binquet C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Vinault S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Meziani F.,Hopitaux Universitaires Of Strasbourg |
And 7 more authors.
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2016
Objectives: To assess whether early thrombocytopenia during septic shock is associated with an increased risk of death at day 28 and to identify risk factors associated with a low platelet count. Design: Prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study. Setting: Fourteen ICUs from 10 French university teaching and nonacademic hospitals. Patients: Consecutive adult patients with septic shock admitted between November 2009 and September 2011 were eligible. Intervention: None. Measurements and Main Results: Of the 1,495 eligible patients, 1,486 (99.4%) were included. Simplified Acute Physiology Score II score of greater than or equal to 56, immunosuppression, age of more than 65 years, cirrhosis, bacteremia (p ≤ 0.001 for each), and urinary sepsis (p = 0.005) were globally associated with an increased risk of thrombocytopenia within the first 24 hours following the onset of septic shock. Survival at day 28 estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method was lower in patients with thrombocytopenia and decreased with thrombocytopenia severity. By multivariate Cox regression, a platelet count of less than or equal to 100,000/mm3 was independently associated with a significantly increased risk of death within the 28 days following septic shock onset. The risk of death increased with the severity of thrombocytopenia (hazard ratio, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.31-2.08 for a platelet count below 50,000/mm3 vs > 150,000/mm3; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: This is the first study to investigate thrombocytopenia within the first 24 hours of septic shock onset as a prognostic marker of survival at day 28 in a large cohort of ICU patients. Measuring platelet count is inexpensive and easily feasible for the physician in routine practice, and thus, it could represent an easy "alert system" among patients in septic shock. © 2016 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Goudie D.R.,University of Dundee |
D'Alessandro M.,University of Dundee |
Merriman B.,University of California at Los Angeles |
Lee H.,University of California at Los Angeles |
And 21 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2011
Multiple self-healing squamous epithelioma (MSSE), also known as Ferguson-Smith disease (FSD), is an autosomal-dominant skin cancer condition characterized by multiple squamous-carcinomaĝ€"like locally invasive skin tumors that grow rapidly for a few weeks before spontaneously regressing, leaving scars. High-throughput genomic sequencing of a conservative estimate (24.2 Mb) of the disease locus on chromosome 9 using exon array capture identified independent mutations in TGFBR1 in three unrelated families. Subsequent dideoxy sequencing of TGFBR1 identified 11 distinct monoallelic mutations in 18 affected families, firmly establishing TGFBR1 as the causative gene. The nature of the sequence variants, which include mutations in the extracellular ligand-binding domain and a series of truncating mutations in the kinase domain, indicates a clear genotype-phenotype correlation between loss-of-function TGFBR1 mutations and MSSE. This distinguishes MSSE from the Marfan syndromegrelated disorders in which missense mutations in TGFBR1 lead to developmental defects with vascular involvement but no reported predisposition to cancer. © 2011 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Center hospitalier William Morey, French Institute of Health and Medical Research and University of Burgundy
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine | Year: 2015
Evaluation of the clinical effectiveness and safety of a new custom-made valgus knee brace (OdrA) in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) in terms of pain and secondary symptoms.Open-label prospective study of patients with symptomatic medial knee OA with clinical evaluation at 6 and 52 weeks (W6, W52). We systematically assessed pain on a visual analog scale (VAS), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), spatio-temporal gait variables, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesic-sparing effects of the brace and tolerance. Mean scores were compared at baseline, W6 and W52 and the effect size (ES) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated.We included 20 patients with knee OA (mean age 64.210.2 years, mean body mass index 27.25.4 kg/m2). VAS pain and KOOS were improved at W6 and W52: pain (ES=0.9 at 1 year), amelioration of other symptoms (ES=0.4), and function in activities of daily living (ES=1.1), sports and leisure (ES=1.5), quality of life (ES=0.9) and gait speed (ES=0.41). In total, 76% of patients showed clinical improvement at 1 year. Analgesic and NSAIDs consumption was significantly decreased at W6 and W52. One serious adverse effect noted was lower-limb varices, and observance was deemed satisfactory at 1 year.This new unloader brace appeared to have good effect on medial knee OA, with an acceptable safety profile and good patient compliance.
Rhondali W.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center |
Rhondali W.,Center Hospitalier Of Lyon Sud |
Rhondali W.,University of Lyon |
Dev R.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management | Year: 2014
Context Family conferences are conducted to assist with end-of-life discussions and discharge planning. Objectives This study describes the current practices of family conferences in palliative care units (PCUs) in France. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive survey was sent to each PCU in France (n = 113). Members of the interdisciplinary health care team (palliative care physician, nurse, psychologist, and social worker) who were active in each PCU at the time of the survey were asked to respond. Results Two hundred seventy-six of 452 responses (61%) were obtained from members of the health care team in 91 units (81%). Two hundred seventy-two of 276 health care providers (HCPs) (99%) reported conducting family conferences in their clinical practice. Only 13 participants (5%) reported that they followed a structured protocol. Most respondents completed the questionnaire: palliative care physicians (n = 225; 82%), nurses (n = 219; 79%), and psychologists (n = 181; 66%). The three primary goals of family conferences were to allow family members to express their feelings (n = 240; 87%), identify family caregivers (n = 233; 84%), and discuss the patient's plan of care (n = 219; 79%). The primary reasons for conducting a family conference were: the patient's illness was terminal (n = 216; 78%), family caregivers requested a conference (n = 208; 75%), or terminal sedation was required (n = 189; 69%). One hundred six of 452 HCPs (38%) reported that patients were not invited to participate. The primary indications and goals for a family conference were significantly different among the four health care disciplines. Conclusion Most HCPs in our study conducted family conferences. However, most of the family conferences had no structured protocol, half of the participants preferred no patient participation, and a significant variation was noted in the primary indications and goals among disciplines. © 2014 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PubMed | University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Center Hospitalier William Morey, Center Hospitalier Of Lyon Sud and Center Hospitalier Of Luniversite Of Montreal Chum
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Palliative & supportive care | Year: 2015
Despite the rapidly growing availability of palliative care services, there is still much to be done in order to better support clinicians who are starting research programs. Among the barriers identified in the literature, methodological issues and lack of research training programs are often reported. Our aim was to describe an educational research method for healthcare professionals working in palliative care and to report the result of a survey conducted among a three-year sample of students.The course was provided for a multidisciplinary group and was open to all healthcare professionals involved in palliative care. It took place over a single session during a full day. We used a 20-question e-survey to assess student outcomes (e.g., satisfaction, current status of their project).We received answers from 83 of the 119 students (70%) who took the course. The majority were physicians (n = 62, 75%), followed by nurses (n = 17, 21%). During the class, students assessed the role of the teacher as an information provider (n = 51, 61%), role model (n = 36, 43%), and facilitator (n = 33, 40%), and considered all of these roles as suitable, with a score of 3.9-4.7 out of 5. Participants reported a high level of support from the teacher, with a mean score of 8.2 (SD, 1.7) out of 10, and good overall satisfaction with a mean score of 7.6 (1.8). Finally, 51 participants (77%) were able to start their research project after the class, 27 (41%) to complete it, and 8 (12%) to submit their research to a journal or conference.Our results suggest that newer teaching methods such as roleplay, group work, and target acquisition are feasible and effective in a palliative research curriculum. Additional studies are needed to confirm the objective outputs of educational interventions, including research outputs.