Roubaud G.,Institute Bergonie |
Brouste V.,Institute Bergonie |
Beuzeboc P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Flechon A.,Institute Leon Berard |
And 9 more authors.
Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Year: 2015
Background: This study aims to better define prognostic factors for patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC), and to identify patients who will benefit from first-line cisplatin-based chemotherapy. We test the hypothesis that early objective response (EOR), defined as the occurrence of an objective response following 2 or 3 courses of chemotherapy, could be a prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) and thus be used to guide treatment decisions. Data from 113 patients with evaluable mUC receiving first-line cisplatin-based treatment between January 2004 and December 2006 was collected retrospectively from prospectively-maintained databases across seven French cancer centers. Clinical factors potentially associated with survival and EOR were analyzed in univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: One hundred three patient records were complete and available for inclusion in the multivariate model. Four factors were independently associated with OS: Performance status 1 and 2 (HR 2.3 [95 % CI 1.3-3.9], p = 0.002; HR 3.4 [95 % CI 1.6-7.2], p = 0.001 respectively); presence of visceral metastases (HR 2.2 [95 % CI 1.3-3.9], p = 0.004); abnormal hemoglobin levels (HR 1.7 [95 % CI 1.01-2.8], p = 0.045); disease progression (HR 10.1 [95 % CI 4.2-24.1], p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study confirms the prognostic factors previously reported in first-line chemotherapy for mUC. However, we failed to demonstrate that EOR was an independent predictive factor of OS. Nevertheless, an early response evaluation is recommended since early progression is an important parameter that can be used to decide whether treatment should be interrupted and changed for alternative strategies integrating the concept of personalized medicine or new immune therapies. © 2015 Roubaud et al.
Van Den Neste E.,Cliniques universitaires Saint Luc |
Casasnovas O.,Center Hospitalier University |
Andre M.,CHU UCL Mont Godinne Dinant |
Touati M.,University of Limoges |
And 11 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2013
The Hodgkin's Lymphoma Committee of the Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) gathered in 2012 to prepare guidelines on the management of transplant-eligible patients with relapsing or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma. The working group is made up of a multidisciplinary panel of experts with a significant background in Hodgkin's lymphoma. Each member of the panel of experts provided an interpretation of the evidence and a systematic approach to obtain consensus was used. Grades of recommendation were not required since levels of evidence are mainly based on phase II trials or standard practice. Data arising from randomized trials are emphasized. The final version was endorsed by the scientific council of the LYSA. The expert panel recommends a risk-adapted strategy (conventional treatment, or single/double transplantation and/or radiotherapy) based on three risk factors at progression (primary refractory disease, remission duration < 1 year, stage III/IV), and an early evaluation of salvage chemosensitivity, including 18fluorodeoxy glucose-positron emission tomography interpreted according to the Deauville scoring system. Most relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma patients chemosensitive to salvage should receive high-dose therapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation as standard. Efforts should be made to increase the proportion of chemosensitive patients by alternating non-cross-resistant chemotherapy lines or exploring the role of novel drugs. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation.
Khellaf M.,University Paris Est Creteil |
Charles-Nelson A.,University Paris Est Creteil |
Fain O.,University of Paris 13 |
Terriou L.,Lille University Hospital Center |
And 21 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014
We conducted a prospective multicenter registry of 248 adult patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) treated with rituximab to assess safety. We also assessed response and predictive factors of sustained response. In total, 173 patients received 4 infusions of 375 mg/m2 and 72 received 2 fixed 1-g infusions 2 weeks apart. The choice of the rituximab regimen was based on the physician's preference and not patient characteristics. Overall, 38 patients showed minor intolerance to rituximab infusions; infusions had to be stopped for only 3 patients. Seven showed infection (n = 11 cases), with an incidence of 2.3 infections/100 patient-years. Three patients died of infection 12 to 14 months after rituximab infusions, but the role of rituximab was questionable. In total, 152 patients (61%) showed an overall initial response (platelet count ≥30 x 109/L and ≥2 baseline value). At a median follow-up of 24 months, 96 patients (39%) showed a lasting response. On multivariate analysis, the probability of sustained response at 1 year was significantly associated with ITP duration <1 year (P = .02) and previous transient complete response to corticosteroids (P = .05). The pattern of response was similar with the 2 rituximab regimens. With its benefit/risk ratio, rituximab used off-label may remain a valid option for treating persistent or chronic ITP in adults. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NC1101295. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.
Prospective, randomized, multicenter, phase III study of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan versus epirubicin, cisplatin, and capecitabine in advanced gastric adenocarcinoma: A French intergroup (Fédération Francophone de Cancérologie Digestive, Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer, and Groupe Coopérateur Multidisciplinaire en Oncologie) study
Guimbaud R.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole |
Louvet C.,Institute Mutualiste |
Ries P.,Institute Paoli Calmettes |
Ychou M.,Institute Regional du Cancer Val dAurelle |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014
Purpose: To compare epirubicin, cisplatin, and capecitabine (ECX) with fluorouracil, leucovorin, and rinotecan (FOLFIRI) as first-line treatments in patients with advanced gastric or esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma.Patients and Methods: This open, randomized, phase III study was carried out in 71 centers. Patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric or EGJ cancer were randomly assigned to receive either ECX as first-line treatment (ECX arm) or FOLFIRI (FOLFIRI arm). Second-line treatment was predefined (FOLFIRI for the ECX arm and ECX for the FOLFIRI arm). The primary criterion was time-totreatment failure (TTF) of the first-line therapy. Secondary criteria were progression-free surviva (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity, and quality of life.Results: In all, 416 patients were included (median age, 61. 4 years; 74% male). After a median follow-up of 31 months, median TTF was significantly longer with FOLFIRI than with ECX (5. 1 v 4. 2 months; P =. 008). There was no significant difference between the two groups in median PFS (5. 3 v 5. 8 months; P =. 96), median OS (9. 5 v 9. 7 months; P =. 95), or response rate (39. 2% v 37. 8%) First-line FOLFIRI was better tolerated (overall rate of grade 3 to 4 toxicity, 69% v84%; P <. 001; hematologic adverse events [AEs], 38% v64. 5%; P<. 001; nonhematologic AEs: 53% v53. 5%; P =. 81).Conclusion: FOLFIRI as first-line treatment for advanced gastric and EGJ cancer demonstrated significantly better TTF than did ECX. Other outcome results indicate that FOLFIRI is an acceptable first-line regimen in this setting and should be explored as a backbone regimen for targeted agents. © 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
El Khattabi L.,Center Hospitalier University Jean Verdier |
Dupont C.,Center Hospitalier University Jean Verdier |
Dupont C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Sermondade N.,Center Hospitalier University Jean Verdier |
And 8 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2013
Objective: To evaluate the potential benefit of intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) in patients selected for either severe teratozoospermia or repeated implantation failure after conventional intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Design: Prospective nonrandomized observational study. Setting: University hospital assisted reproduction unit. Patient(s): Four hundred seventy-eight patients were enrolled to evaluate ICSI and IMSI results for two indications. The first group (T) was composed of patients with severe teratozoospermia (<10% normal spermatozoa in fresh ejaculated and selected semen, according to David classification) and no or one previous ICSI failure. In the second group (IF), patients with at least two previous failed ICSI attempts were enrolled in absence of severe male factor (>10% normal spermatozoa in fresh ejaculated semen and >20% in selected sperm). Intervention(s): ICSI/IMSI, biologic, and clinical data collection. Main Outcome Measure(s): Live-birth rate (LBR). Result(s): In group T, LBR was significantly higher when IMSI procedure was used compared with ICSI (38% [50/132] vs. 20% [25/126]). However, LBR observed in group IF was not significantly different between IMSI and ICSI procedures (21% [19/90] vs. 22% [28/130]). Conclusion(s): IMSI procedure is a valuable option for patients with severe teratozoospermia at their first or second attempts, but it does not improve pregnancy rate in patients with repeated ICSI failures in the absence of severe male factor. Copyright © 2013 Published by Elsevier Inc.