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Hazane-Puch F.,Center Hospitalier University Of Grenoble Cs10217 | Champelovier P.,Center Hospitalier University Of Grenoble Cs10217 | Arnaud J.,Center Hospitalier University Of Grenoble Cs10217 | Garrel C.,Center Hospitalier University Of Grenoble Cs10217 | And 4 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2013

The beneficial effect of selenium (Se) on cancer is known to depend on the chemical form, the dose and the duration of the supplementation. The aim of this work was to explore long term antagonist (antioxidant versus toxic) effects of an inorganic (sodium selenite, Na2SeO3) and an organic (seleno-L-methionine, SeMet) forms in human immortalized keratinocytes HaCaT cells. HaCaT cells were supplemented with Na2SeO3 or SeMet at micromolar concentrations for 144 h, followed or not by UVA radiation. Se absorption, effects of UVA radiation, cell morphology, antioxidant profile, cell cycle processing, DNA fragmentation, cell death triggered and caspase-3 activity were determined. At non-toxic doses (10 μM SeMet and 1 μM Na 2SeO3), SeMet was better absorbed than Na 2SeO3. The protection of HaCaT from UVA-induced cell death was observed only with SeMet despite both forms increased glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPX1) activities and selenoprotein-1 (SEPW1) transcript expression. After UVA irradiation, malondialdehyde (MDA) and SH groups were not modulated whatever Se chemical form. At toxic doses (100 μM SeMet and 5 μM Na2SeO3), Na2SeO3 and SeMet inhibited cell proliferation associated with S-G2 blockage and DNA fragmentation leading to apoptosis caspase-3 dependant. SeMet only led to hydrogen peroxide production and to a decrease in mitochondrial transmembrane potential. Our study of the effects of selenium on HaCaT cells reaffirm the necessity to take into account the chemical form in experimental and intervention studies. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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