Center Hospitalier University Lariboisiere

Paris, France

Center Hospitalier University Lariboisiere

Paris, France

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PubMed | Breast Unit, Caen University Hospital Center, Hopital Avicenne, Center Hospitalier University Lariboisiere and 2 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase I | Journal: Cancer science | Year: 2015

TLR-9 agonists are immunostimulating agents that have antitumor effects in animal models. A phase I trial was conducted to define the safety profile of subcutaneous injections, combined with intrathecally administration of CpG-28, a TRL 9 agonist, in patients with neoplastic meningitis (NM). Cohorts of 3-6 patients with NM were treated for 5 weeks with escalating doses of CpG-28. The primary endpoint was tolerance. Secondary endpoints were progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Twenty-nine patients were treated with CpG-28. The primary cancers were malignant glioma, lung carcinoma, breast cancer, melanoma or melanocytoma, ependymoma, and colorectal cancer. The median age was 56 years and median Karnovsky Performance status (KPS) was 70%. The treatment was well tolerated. Adverse effects that were possibly or probably related to the studied drug were grade 2 lymphopenia, anemia and neutropenia, local erythema at injection sites, fever and seizure. There were five serious adverse events: two confusions, two infections of ventricular devices and one grade 4 thrombopenia and neutropenia. The median PFS was 7 weeks and median OS was 15 weeks. Interestingly, the median survival was slightly (but not significantly) higher in the eight patients who were concomitantly treated with bevacizumab (19 weeks vs 15 weeks; P = 0.11). CpG-28 was well tolerated at doses up to 0.3 mg/kg subcutaneously and 18 mg intrathecally. Additional trials are warranted.


Cayla G.,Institut Universitaire de France | Cayla G.,University of Nimes | Silvain J.,Institut Universitaire de France | Barthelemy O.,Institut Universitaire de France | And 8 more authors.
Heart | Year: 2011

Aim: To determine the incidence, type and possible association with mortality of major bleeding in patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) treated with an invasive strategy using predominantly the radial approach and triple antiplatelet therapy. Methods: In the multicentre randomised ABOARD Study, 352 patients with NSTE-ACS were randomised to an 'immediate percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)' strategy or a strategy of PCI on the 'next working day'. Radial access was predominantly used in this study population. The present subanalysis evaluated the occurrence of major bleeding complications and their association with mortality at 1 month. Results: Patients were treated with a triple antiplatelet therapy using high loading and maintenance doses of clopidogrel and abciximab in 99% of patients receiving PCI. The trans-radial approach was used in the vast majority of patients (84%). During the first 30 days, major bleeding complications (STEEPLE definition) occurred in 5.4% of patients (n=19), with no difference between immediate and delayed intervention. The most common bleeding complications were occult bleeding (36.8% of bleeding, n=7/19) and overt gastrointestinal bleeding (21% of bleeding, n=4/19). Patients with major bleeding had a higher peak concentration of creatinine during hospitalisation (mean±SD, 170±169 vs 97±57 μmol/l; p=0.005) and a 1-month mortality of 26.3%, much higher than patients without bleeding (0.6%, p<0.0001). Major bleeding was strongly associated with 30-day mortality (OR 50.3; 95% CI 10.1 to 249.7; p<0.0001). Conclusion: Despite the predominant use of the radial approach, major bleeding (essentially occult and gastrointestinal) remains a common complication, which is highly associated with mortality in patients with NSTE-ACS treated with optimal antithrombotic therapy.


PubMed | Center Hospitalier Of Versailles, Montpellier University, Center Hospitalier University Lariboisiere, University of Nantes and 11 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Intensive care medicine | Year: 2016

Prospective data on potential factors associated with severity of imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria are lacking. We evaluated whether several host- and parasite-related biomarkers may improve early severity evaluation.Prospective multicenter observational study comparing uncomplicated and severe imported falciparum malaria in adults conducted in France in 52 units, from 2007 to 2010. Association of several host- and parasite-related biomarkers with severity of malaria was tested using univariate and multivariate analyses.Of 295 patients, 140 had uncomplicated malaria and 155 severe malaria (including very severe and less severe cases according to predefined criteria). Curative intravenous quinine treatment was used in 154/155 patients with severe malaria and atovaquone/proguanil in 74% of patients with uncomplicated malaria. Hospital mortality was 5.2% (8 patients), all in the severe malaria group. Among host-related biomarkers, CRP, procalcitonin, and sTREM-1 were significantly higher and albumin was significantly lower in severe versus uncomplicated malaria; only the last three biomarkers also differed significantly between the very and less severe malaria groups. Among parasite-related biomarkers, only plasma PfHRP2 was significantly higher in severe versus uncomplicated malaria and in very severe versus less severe malaria; parasitemia did not differ between very and less severe malaria. By multivariate analysis, only lower plasma albumin and higher sTREM-1 were associated with greater severity, with intermediate accuracies.During imported malaria, the most useful biomarkers associated with severity seem to be plasma albumin and sTREM-1; and among parasite-related parameters, PfHRP2 was more strongly associated with severity than parasitemia was.


Bruneel F.,Center Hospitalier Of Versailles | Tubach F.,AP HP | Tubach F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Corne P.,Montpellier University | And 18 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Background: Large studies on severe imported malaria in non-endemic industrialized countries are lacking. We sought to describe the clinical spectrum of severe imported malaria in French adults and to identify risk factors for mortality at admission to the intensive care unit. Methodology and Principal Findings: Retrospective review of severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria episodes according to the 2000 World Health Organization definition and requiring admission to the intensive care unit. Data were collected from medical charts using standardised case-report forms, in 45 French intensive care units in 2000-2006. Risk factors for inhospital mortality were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Data from 400 adults admitted to the intensive care unit were analysed, representing the largest series of severe imported malaria to date. Median age was 45 years; 60% of patients were white, 96% acquired the disease in sub-Saharan Africa, and 65% had not taken antimalarial chemoprophylaxis. Curative quinine treatment was used in 97% of patients. Intensive care unit mortality was 10.5% (42 deaths). By multivariate analysis, three variables at intensive care unit admission were independently associated with hospital death: older age (per 10-year increment, odds ratio [OR], 1.72; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.28-2.32; P = 0.0004), Glasgow Coma Scale score (per 1-point decrease, OR, 1.32; 95%CI, 1.20-1.45; P,0.0001), and higher parasitemia (per 5% increment, OR, 1.41; 95%CI, 1.22-1.62; P,0.0001). Conclusions and Significance: In a large population of adults treated in a non-endemic industrialized country, severe malaria still carried a high mortality rate. Our data, including predictors of death, can probably be generalized to other nonendemic countries where high-quality healthcare is available. © 2010 Bruneel et al.


Gonzalez-Aguilar A.,Groupe Hospitalier Pitie Salpetriere | Gonzalez-Aguilar A.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Idbaih A.,Groupe Hospitalier Pitie Salpetriere | Idbaih A.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 27 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2012

Purpose: Our objective was to identify the genetic changes involved in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) oncogenesis and evaluate their clinical relevance. Experimental Design: We investigated a series of 29 newly diagnosed, HIV-negative, PCNSL patients using high-resolution single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays (n = 29) and whole-exome sequencing (n = 4) approaches. Recurrent homozygous deletions and somatic gene mutations found were validated by quantitative real-time PCR and Sanger sequencing, respectively. Molecular results were correlated with prognosis. Results: All PCNSLs were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, and the patients received chemotherapy without radiotherapy as initial treatment. The SNP analysis revealed recurrent large and focal chromosome imbalances that target candidate genes in PCNSL oncogenesis. The most frequent genomic abnormalities were (i) 6p21.32 loss (HLA locus), (ii) 6q loss, (iii) CDKN2A homozygous deletions, (iv) 12q12-q22, and (v) chromosome 7q21 and 7q31 gains. Homozygous deletions of PRMD1 , TOX, and DOCK5 and the amplification of HDAC9 were also detected. Sequencing of matched tumor and blood DNA samples identified novel somatic mutations in MYD88 and TBL1XR1 in 38% and 14% of the cases, respectively. The correlation of genetic abnormalities with clinical outcomes using multivariate analysis showed that 6q22 loss (P = 0.006 and P = 0.01) and CDKN2A homozygous deletion (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01) were significantly associated with shorter progression-free survival and overall survival. Conclusions: Our study provides new insights into the molecular tumorigenesis of PCNSL and identifies novel genetic alterations in this disease, especially MYD88 and TBL1XR1 mutations activating the NF-κB signaling pathway, which may be promising targets for future therapeutic strategies. ©2012 AACR.


Piard J.,University of Franche Comte | Collet C.,Center Hospitalier University Lariboisiere | Arbez-Gindre F.,University of Franche Comte | Nirhy-Lanto A.,Center Hospitalier Intercommunal Of La Haute Saone | Van Maldergem L.,University of Franche Comte
European Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2012

We describe a multiple malformation syndrome comprising coronal craniosynostosis, unilateral radial ray hypoplasia and diaphragmatic hernia in a 33w female fetus born to a 46 y-old male with an alleged personal and family history of Crouzon syndrome. By identifying an already described c.445C>T TWIST missense mutation, we were able to reassign the diagnosis of the family condition to Saethre-Chötzen syndrome. The present report illustrates clinical variability of a dominantly inherited TWIST mutation and provides a third example of Baller-Gerold/Saethre-Chötzen overlapping phenotype. We also add diaphragmatic hernia in the spectrum of TWIST-related malformations, although we couldn't prove the co-occurrence is not coincidental. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS.


PubMed | University of Bordeaux 1, Paris-Sorbonne University, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Institut Universitaire de France and 7 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2014

Little is known about the genomic basis of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) tumorigenesis. To investigate the mutational profile of PCNSL, we analyzed nine paired tumor and germline DNA samples from PCNSL patients by high throughput exome sequencing. Eight genes of interest have been further investigated by focused resequencing in 28 additional PCNSL tumors to better estimate their incidence. Our study identified recurrent somatic mutations in 37 genes, some involved in key signaling pathways such as NFKB, B cell differentiation and cell cycle control. Focused resequencing in the larger cohort revealed high mutation rates for genes already described as mutated in PCNSL such as MYD88 (38%), CD79B (30%), PIM1 (22%) and TBL1XR1 (19%) and for genes not previously reported to be involved in PCNSL tumorigenesis such as ETV6 (16%), IRF4 (14%), IRF2BP2 (11%) and EBF1 (11%). Of note, only 3 somatically acquired SNVs were annotated in the COSMIC database. Our results demonstrate a high genetic heterogeneity of PCNSL and mutational pattern similarities with extracerebral diffuse large B cell lymphomas, particularly of the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype, suggesting shared underlying biological mechanisms. The present study provides new insights into the mutational profile of PCNSL and potential targets for therapeutic strategies.


Bruno A.,Paris-Sorbonne University | Bruno A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Bruno A.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Boisselier B.,Paris-Sorbonne University | And 25 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2014

Little is known about the genomic basis of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) tumorigenesis. To investigate the mutational profile of PCNSL, we analyzed nine paired tumor and germline DNA samples from PCNSL patients by high throughput exome sequencing. Eight genes of interest have been further investigated by focused resequencing in 28 additional PCNSL tumors to better estimate their incidence. Our study identified recurrent somatic mutations in 37 genes, some involved in key signaling pathways such as NFKB, B cell differentiation and cell cycle control. Focused resequencing in the larger cohort revealed high mutation rates for genes already described as mutated in PCNSL such as MYD88 (38%), CD79B (30%), PIM1 (22%) and TBL1XR1 (19%) and for genes not previously reported to be involved in PCNSL tumorigenesis such as ETV6 (16%), IRF4 (14%), IRF2BP2 (11%) and EBF1 (11%). Of note, only 3 somatically acquired SNVs were annotated in the COSMIC database. Our results demonstrate a high genetic heterogeneity of PCNSL and mutational pattern similarities with extracerebral diffuse large B cell lymphomas, particularly of the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype, suggesting shared underlying biological mechanisms. The present study provides new insights into the mutational profile of PCNSL and potential targets for therapeutic strategies.

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