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Valmary S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Valmary S.,Center Hospitalier University Jean Minjoz | Dorfmuller P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Dorfmuller P.,Center National Of Reference Of Lhypertension Pulmonaire Severe | And 11 more authors.

Background: In susceptible individuals, multiple events may trigger pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), a γ-herpesvirus homologous with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), was suggested to act as a "second hit" in the development of PAH in susceptible patients. Although there is indirect evidence from in vitro and animal studies in favor of a link between γ-herpesviruses and the pathophysiology of PAH, results remain controversial. Therefore, we investigated the presence of EBV and HHV-8 in the lungs of patients with PAH. Methods: Thirty-four lungs explanted from French patients with end-stage PAH (mean age, 38 ± 14 years; 19 women) were studied. Tissue samples were incorporated into tissue microarrays. Normal lung tissues served as negative controls. Kaposi sarcoma tissue served as a positive control for HHV-8, and EBV-associated lymphoma served as a positive control for EBV. The presence of HHV-8 was investigated with immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction. The presence of EBV was investigated with immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Results: For HHV-8, none of PAH lung samples showed a "stippling" nuclear pattern classically observed in HHV-8-positive Kaposi sarcoma lesions. When studied by polymerase chain reaction, all cases remained negative. For EBV, none of the PAH lung samples showed positive staining, whatever the technique applied. Conclusions: HHV-8 and EBV cannot be detected in the lungs of patients with end-stage PAH. The role of these γ-herpesviruses in the pathophysiology of PAH is, therefore, unlikely. © 2011 American College of Chest Physicians. Source

Quenot J.-P.,University of Burgundy | Quenot J.-P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Binquet C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Kara F.,Center Hospitalier | And 15 more authors.
Critical Care

Introduction: To provide up-to-date information on the prognostic factors associated with 28-day mortality in a cohort of septic shock patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Methods: Prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study in ICUs from 14 French general (non-academic) and university teaching hospitals. All consecutive patients with septic shock admitted between November 2009 and March 2011 were eligible for inclusion. We prospectively recorded data regarding patient characteristics, infection, severity of illness, life support therapy, and discharge. Results: Among 10,941 patients admitted to participating ICUs between October 2009 and September 2011, 1,495 (13.7%) patients presented inclusion criteria for septic shock and were included. Invasive mechanical ventilation was needed in 83.9% (n = 1248), inotropes in 27.7% (n = 412), continuous renal replacement therapy in 32.5% (n = 484), and hemodialysis in 19.6% (n = 291). Mortality at 28 days was 42% (n = 625). Variables associated with time to mortality, right-censored at day 28: age (for each additional 10 years) (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.29; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20-1.38), immunosuppression (HR = 1.63; 95%CI: 1.37-1.96), Knaus class C/D score versus class A/B score (HR = 1.36; 95%CI:1.14-1.62) and Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (HR = 1.24 for each additional point; 95%CI: 1.21-1.27). Patients with septic shock and renal/urinary tract infection had a significantly longer time to mortality (HR = 0.56; 95%CI: 0.42-0.75). Conclusion: Our observational data of consecutive patients from real-life practice confirm that septic shock is common and carries high mortality in general ICU populations. Our results are in contrast with the clinical trial setting, and could be useful for healthcare planning and clinical study design. © 2013 Quenot et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Lablanche S.,Joseph Fourier University | Borot S.,Center Hospitalier University Jean Minjoz | Wojtusciszyn A.,Center Hospitalier Of Montpellier | Bayle F.,Joseph Fourier University | And 13 more authors.
Diabetes Care

OBJECTIVE To describe the 5-year outcomes of islet transplantation within the Swiss-French GRAGIL Network. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of all subjects enrolled in the GRAGIL-1c and GRAGIL-2 islet transplantation trials. Parameters related to metabolic control, graft function, and safety outcomes were studied. RESULTS Forty-four patients received islet transplantation (islet transplantation alone [ITA] 24 patients [54.5%], islet after kidney [IAK] transplantation 20 patients [45.5%]) between September 2003 and April 2010. Recipients received a total islet mass of 9,715.75 ± 3,444.40 IEQ/kg. Thirty-four patients completed a 5-year follow-up, and 10 patients completed a 4-year follow-up. At 1, 4, and 5 years after islet transplantation, respectively, 83%, 67%, and 58% of the ITA recipients and 80%, 70%, and 60% of the IAK transplant recipients reached HbA1c under 7% (53mmol/mol) and were free of severe hypoglycemia, while none of the ITA recipients and only 10% of the IAK transplant recipients met this composite criterion at the preinfusion stage. Thirty-three of 44 patients (75%) experienced insulin independence during the entire follow-up period, with a median duration of insulin independence of 19.25 months (interquartile range 2-58). Twenty-nine of 44 recipients (66%) exhibited at least one adverse event; 18 of 55 adverse events (33%) were possibly related to immunosuppression; and complications related to the islet infusion (n = 84) occurred in 10 recipients (11.9%). CONCLUSIONS In a large cohortwith a 5-year follow-up and in amulticenter network setting, islet transplantation was safe and efficient in restoring good and lasting glycemic control and preventing severe hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes. ©2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Source

Etienne-Grimaldi M.-C.,Center Antoine Lacassagne | Formento P.,Center Antoine Lacassagne | Degeorges A.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Pierga J.-Y.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 9 more authors.
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

AIMS: To test prospectively the impact of VEGF-A gene polymorphisms on the pharmacodynamics of bevacizumab-chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. METHODS: As part of the single-arm MO19391 trial, 137 women with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer receiving first-line bevacizumab-containing therapy were analysed. Patients received bevacizumab associated (76%) or not (24%) with taxane-based chemotherapy. Clinical evaluation included clinical response, time to progression (TTP) and a toxicity score corresponding to the sum of each maximum observed toxicity grade (hypertension, haemorrhage, arterial and venous thrombo-embolism). Functional VEGF-A polymorphisms at position -2578 C > A, -1498 T > C, -1154 G > A, -634 G > C and 936 C > T were analysed by PCR-RFLP (blood DNA). RESULTS: Overall response rate (complete response (CR) + partial response (PR)) was 61%. Median TTP was 11 months. None of the VEGF-A polymorphisms was significantly linked to clinical response. Analysis of the 936C > T polymorphism revealed that the 96 patients homozygous for the 936C allele exhibited a marked tendency for a shorter TTP (median 9.7 months) than the 32 patients bearing the 936T allele (median 11.5 months, P= 0.022) of which 30 were CT and two were homozygous TT. Other polymorphisms did not influence TTP. VEGF-A-634 G > C was significantly related to the toxicity score with 39%, 49% and 81% of patients with score >1 in GG, GC and CC patients, respectively (P= 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The role for VEGF-A 936C > T polymorphism as a potential marker of TTP in breast cancer patients receiving bevacizumab-containing therapy concords with the known impact of VEGF-A 936C > T polymorphism on VEGF-A expression. © 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society. Source

Juillire Y.,Institut Universitaire de France | Bataille V.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | Galinier M.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | Gibelin P.,University of Strasbourg | And 5 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia

Introduction and objectives: To compare acute myocardial infarction patients with or without congestive heart failure in the French FAST-MI registry. Methods: The French FAST-MI registry included 374 centers and 3059 patients over a 1-month period at the end of 2005, with 1-year follow-up. Among this population, patients with at least one congestive heart failure criterion constituted group 1 (n=1149; 37.5%) and were compared to patients without congestive heart failure (group 2, n=1910; 62.5%). The congestive heart failure patients were further divided according to presence of both beta-blockers and antagonists of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system at hospital discharge (n=511) or not (n=498), in order to assess the real-world clinical importance of recommended medications. Results: Overall in-hospital and 1-year mortality rates were 3.4% and 13.2%, respectively. In hospital survivors, presence of congestive heart failure was associated with increased mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-2.17; P=.01). Survival was higher in patients without congestive heart failure, compared with congestive heart failure patients receiving or not recommended medications (P<.001). Congestive heart failure patients receiving neither renin-angiotensin- aldosterone system blockers nor beta-blockers (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.55; P=.02) had a significantly higher risk of death than patients receiving both classes of medications (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.82-1.64; not statistically significant). Patients receiving only one of the recommended classes had an intermediate risk (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.47; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.07; P=.03). Conclusions: Patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction with congestive heart failure criteria are still at very high risk of mortality. When receiving major recommended medications, they presented with significantly reduced mortality rates. Additional efforts should therefore be made to encourage the prescription of recommended medications in acute myocardial infarction patients with congestive heart failure. © 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Publicado por Elsevier Españ a, S.L. Todos los derechos reservados. Source

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