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La Chaussée-Saint-Victor, France

Mismetti P.,Jean Monnet University | Laporte S.,Jean Monnet University | Pellerin O.,University of Paris Descartes | Ennezat P.-V.,Joseph Fourier University | And 20 more authors.
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

IMPORTANCE: Although retrievable inferior vena cava filters are frequently used in addition to anticoagulation in patients with acute venous thromboembolism, their benefit-risk ratio is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of retrievable vena cava filters plus anticoagulation vs anticoagulation alone for preventing pulmonary embolism recurrence in patients presenting with acute pulmonary embolism and a high risk of recurrence. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized, open-label, blinded end point trial (PREPIC2) with 6-month follow-up conducted from August 2006 to January 2013. Hospitalized patients with acute, symptomatic pulmonary embolism associated with lower-limb vein thrombosis and at least 1 criterion for severity were assigned to retrievable inferior vena cava filter implantation plus anticoagulation (filter group; n = 200) or anticoagulation alone with no filter implantation (control group; n = 199). Initial hospitalization with ambulatory follow-up occurred in 17 French centers. INTERVENTIONS: Full-dose anticoagulation for at least 6 months in all patients. Insertion of a retrievable inferior vena cava filter in patients randomized to the filter group. Filter retrieval was planned at 3 months from placement. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Primary efficacy outcomewas symptomatic recurrent pulmonary embolism at 3 months. Secondary outcomes were recurrent pulmonary embolism at 6 months, symptomatic deep vein thrombosis, major bleeding, death at 3 and 6 months, and filter complications. RESULTS: In the filter group, the filter was successfully inserted in 193 patients and was retrieved as planned in 153 of the 164 patients in whom retrieval was attempted. By 3 months, recurrent pulmonary embolism had occurred in 6 patients (3.0%; all fatal) in the filter group and in 3 patients (1.5%; 2 fatal) in the control group (relative risk with filter, 2.00 [95%CI, 0.51-7.89]; P = .50). Results were similar at 6 months. No difference was observed between the 2 groups regarding the other outcomes. Filter thrombosis occurred in 3 patients. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Among hospitalized patients with severe acute pulmonary embolism, the use of a retrievable inferior vena cava filter plus anticoagulation compared with anticoagulation alone did not reduce the risk of symptomatic recurrent pulmonary embolism at 3 months. These findings do not support the use of this type of filter in patients who can be treated with anticoagulation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00457158. Copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Source

Choucha Snouber L.,CNRS Biomechanical Engineering Laboratory | Jacques S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Monge M.,Center hospitalier University dAmiens | Legallais C.,CNRS Biomechanical Engineering Laboratory | Leclerc E.,CNRS Biomechanical Engineering Laboratory

We investigated the behavior of renal cells cultivated in microfluidic biochips when exposed to 50 μM of ifosfamide, an antineoplastic drug treatment. The microarray analysis revealed that ifosfamide had any effect in Petri conditions. The microfluidic biochips induced an early inflammatory response in the MDCK in the untreated cells. This was attributed to cells adapting to the dynamics and micro environment created by the biochips. This led to modulations in the mitochondria dysfunction pathway, the Nrf-2 and oxidative stress pathways and some related cancer genes. When exposed to 50 μM of ifosfamide, we detected a modulation of the pathways related to the cancer and inflammation in the MDCK cultivated in the biochips via modulation of the ATM, p53, MAP Kinase, Nrf-2 and NFKB signaling. In addition, the genes identified and related proteins affected by the ifosfamide treatment in the biochips such as TXNRD1, HSP40 (DNAJB4 and DNAJB9), HSP70 (HSPA9), p21 (CDKN1A), TP53, IKBalpha (NFKBIA) are reported to be the molecular targets in cancer therapy. We also found that the integrin pathway was perturbed with the ifosfamide treatment. Finally, the MYC proto-oncogene appeared to be a potential bridge between the integrin signaling and the anti-inflammatory response. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Al-Salameh A.,Center Hospitalier Of Creil | Cohen R.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis | Desailloud R.,Center hospitalier University dAmiens
Application of Clinical Genetics

Primary aldosteronism is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. The syndrome accounts for 10% of all cases of hypertension and is primarily caused by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or aldosterone-producing adenoma. Over the last few years, the use of exome sequencing has significantly improved our understanding of this syndrome. Somatic mutations in the KCNJ5, ATP1A1, ATP2B3 or CACNA1D genes are present in more than half of all cases of aldosterone-producing adenoma (~40%, ~6%, ~1% and ~8%, respectively). Germline gain-of-function mutations in KCNJ5 are now known to cause familial hyperaldosteronism type III, and an additional form of genetic hyperaldosteronism has been reported in patients with germline mutations in CACNA1D. These genes code for channels that control ion homeostasis across the plasma membrane of zona glomerulosa cells. Moreover, all these mutations modulate the same pathway, in which elevated intracellular calcium levels lead to aldosterone hyperproduction and (in some cases) adrenal cell proliferation. From a clinical standpoint, the discovery of these mutations has potential implications for patient management. The mutated channels could be targeted by drugs, in order to control hormonal and overgrowth-related manifestations. Furthermore, some of these mutations are associated with high cell turnover and may be amenable to diagnosis via the sequencing of cell-free (circulating) DNA. However, genotype-phenotype correlations in patients harboring these mutations have yet to be characterized. Despite this recent progress, much remains to be done to elucidate the yet unknown mechanisms underlying sporadic bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. © 2014 Al-Salameh et al. Source

Desnos-Ollivier M.,Institute Pasteur Paris | Desnos-Ollivier M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Moquet O.,Center Hospitalier Of Beauvais | Chouaki T.,Center hospitalier University dAmiens | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Clavispora lusitaniae is an opportunistic human pathogen responsible for 0.6 to 2% of candidemia. This species is intrinsically susceptible to echinocandins. Nevertheless, in this study, development of echinocandin resistance in C. lusitaniae isolates was observed during caspofungin treatment. This resistance resulted from missense mutation in the echinocandin target Fks1 gene. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Farges O.,University Paris Diderot | Regimbeau J.M.,Center hospitalier University dAmiens | Fuks D.,Center hospitalier University dAmiens | Le Treut Y.P.,Hopital Conception | And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Surgery

Background: Indications for preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in the context of hepatectomy for hilar malignancies are still debated. The aim of this study was to investigate current European practice regarding biliary drainage before hepatectomy for Klatskin tumours. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent formal or extended right or left hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma between 1997 and 2008 at 11 European teaching hospitals, and for whom details of serum bilirubin levels at admission and at the time of surgery were available. PBD was performed at the physicians' discretion. The primary outcome was 90-day mortality. Secondary outcomes were morbidity and cause of death. The association of PBD and of preoperative serum bilirubin levels with postoperative mortality was assessed by logistic regression, in the entire population as well as separately in the right- and left-sided hepatectomy groups, and was adjusted for confounding factors. Results: A total of 366 patients were enrolled; PBD was performed in 180 patients. The overall mortality rate was 10·7 per cent and was higher after right- than left-sided hepatectomy (14·7 versus 6·6 per cent; adjusted odds ratio (OR) 3·16, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·50 to 6·65; P = 0·001). PBD did not affect overall postoperative mortality, but was associated with a decreased mortality rate after right hepatectomy (adjusted OR 0·29, 0·11 to 0·77; P = 0·013) and an increased mortality rate after left hepatectomy (adjusted OR 4·06, 1·01 to 16·30; P = 0·035). A preoperative serum bilirubin level greater than 50 μmol/l was also associated with increased mortality, but only after right hepatectomy (adjusted OR 7·02, 1·73 to 28·52; P = 0·002). Conclusion: PBD does not affect overall mortality in jaundiced patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, but there may be a difference between patients undergoing right-sided versus left-sided hepatectomy. Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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