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Seijo S.,Liver Unit | Plessier A.,University Paris Diderot | Hoekstra J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Dell'Era A.,University of Milan | And 14 more authors.
Hepatology | Year: 2013

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare, life-threatening disease caused by obstruction of hepatic venous outflow. The aim of the study was to assess long-term outcome and identify prognostic factors in BCS patients managed by a step-wise approach using anticoagulation, angioplasty/thrombolysis, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (TIPS), and orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We reviewed long-term data on 157 patients previously included by the European Network for Vascular Disorders of the Liver, a multicenter prospective study of newly diagnosed BCS patients in nine European countries. Patients were followed for a median of 50 months (range, 0.1-74.0). During the study, 88 patients (56%) received at least one invasive intervention (22 patients angioplasty/thrombolysis, 62 TIPS, and 20 OLT) and 36 (22.9%) died. Most interventions and/or deaths occurred in the first 2 years after diagnosis. The Rotterdam score was excellent in predicting intervention-free survival, and no other variable could significantly improve its prognostic ability. Moreover, BCS-TIPS prognostic index (PI) score (based on international normalized ratio, bilirubin, and age) was strongly associated with survival and had a discriminative capacity, which was superior to the Rotterdam score. Conclusions: The current study confirms, in a large cohort of patients with BCS recruited over a short period, that a step-wise treatment approach provides good long-term survival. In addition, the study validates the Rotterdam score for predicting intervention-free survival and the BCS-TIPS PI score for predicting survival. (HEPATOLOGY 2013;) Copyright © 2013 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Source

Badot V.,Catholic University of Louvain | Badot V.,Center Hospitalier University Brugmann | Luijten R.K.M.A.C.,UMC Utrecht | Van Roon J.A.,UMC Utrecht | And 5 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: The soluble form of the interleukin 7 receptor (sIL-7R) is produced by fibroblasts after stimulation with proinflammatory cytokines. Increased sIL-7R serum and synovial fluid levels were recently demonstrated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Objectives: To investigate whether sIL-7R production is dysregulated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and whether this correlates with disease activity. Methods: Serum and urine sIL-7R concentrations were measured by ELISA, and sIL-7R quantitative PCR (qPCR) studies were performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). IL-7R, tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα), IL-1β and IL-17 immunostainings were performed on kidney sections. Results: sIL-7R concentrations were significantly higher in SLE sera than in controls, and correlated with SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) scores. Accordingly, serum sIL-7R levels were strongly raised in patients with nephritis. Moreover in patients with lupus nephritis, serum sIL-7R decreased upon treatment. sIL-7R gene expression in PBMCs was similar in patients with lupus nephritis and controls. By contrast, abundant perivascular IL-7R expression was seen in SLE kidney biopsy specimens, which was associated with expression of TNFα in the surrounding tissue. Conclusions: Our data indicate that sIL-7R is a marker of SLE disease activity, especially nephritis. In contrast to conventional disease activity markers, sIL-7R is not produced by immune cells, but might instead reflect activation of tissue cells in the target organ. Source

Faraoni D.,Center Hospitalier University Brugmann | Willems A.,H.U.D.E.R.F. | Melot C.,Erasme University Hospital | De Hert S.,Ghent University | Van der Linden P.,Center Hospitalier University Brugmann
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2012

The benefit-to-risk ratio of using tranexamic acid (TXA) in paediatric cardiac surgery has not yet been determined. This systematic review evaluated studies that compared TXA to placebo in children undergoing cardiac surgery. A systematic search was conducted in all relevant randomized controlled trials. The following information was extracted from the studies and analysed if relevant: demographic data, TXA dose and regimen of administration, cardiopulmonary bypass time, blood loss and blood product transfusion at 24 h. From the studies screened, only 8 (848 patients) were included in the analysis. Most data were heterogeneously distributed and could not be analysed. Further, transfusion policies were not well defined for each study. TXA reduced the need for red blood cell transfusion by 6.4 ml kg-1 day-1 (I2 = 0%, P = 0.45), platelet transfusion by 3.7 ml kg-1 day-1 (I2 = 0%, P = 0.46) and fresh frozen plasma transfusion by 5.4 ml kg-1 day-1 (I2 = 0%, P = 0.53). The number of children who avoided all blood product transfusions was not reported in most of the studies. Evaluation of the side effects associated with TXA use and the effects of the agent on postoperative morbidity and mortality was not possible from the data. There was marked variability in the dosage and infusion schemes used in different studies. This systematic review showed that in paediatric cardiac surgery, the benefit-to-risk ratio associated with the use of TXA cannot be adequately defined. Evidence supporting the routine use of TXA in paediatric cardiac surgery remains weak. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. Source

Plessier A.,University Paris Diderot | Darwish-Murad S.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Hernandez-Guerra M.,Institute Of Investigacions Biomediques August Pi I Sunyer | Consigny Y.,University Paris Diderot | And 14 more authors.
Hepatology | Year: 2010

Current recommendations for early anticoagulation in acute portal vein thrombosis unrelated to cirrhosis or malignancy are based on limited evidence. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the risk factors, outcome, and prognosis in patients managed according to these recommendations. We enrolled 102 patients with acute thrombosis of the portal vein, or its left or right branch. Laboratory investigations for prothrombotic factors were centralized. Thrombus extension and recanalization were assessed by expert radiologists. A local risk factor was identified in 21% of patients, and one or several general prothrombotic conditions in 52%. Anticoagulation was given to 95 patients. After a median of 234 days, the portal vein and its left or right branch were patent in 39% of anticoagulated patients (versus 13% initially), the splenic vein in 80% (versus 57% initially), and the superior mesenteric vein in 73% (versus 42% initially). Failure to recanalize the portal vein was independently related to the presence of ascites (hazard ratio 3.8, 95% confidence interval 1.3-11.1) and an occluded splenic vein (hazard ratio 3.5, 95% confidence interval 1.4-8.9). Gastrointestinal bleeding and intestinal infarction occurred in nine and two patients, respectively. Two patients died from causes unrelated to thrombosis or anticoagulation therapy. Conclusion: Recanalization occurs in one-third of patients receiving early anticoagulation for acute portal vein thrombosis, whereas thrombus extension, intestinal infarction, severe bleeding, and death are rare. Alternative therapy should be considered when ascites and splenic vein obstruction are present. Copyright © 2009 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Source

Spapen P.,Center Hospitalier University Brugmann
Psychotropes (Belgium) | Year: 2014

The impact of the consumption of cannabis is considered from a reflexion on the cultural context and the developmental stakes during adolescence. Then, some intervention tracks will be suggested for adolescents who have a problematic consumption. © 2014 De Boeck Supérieur. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays. Source

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