Fricker-Hidalgo H.,Joseph Fourier University |
Cimon B.,Institut Universitaire de France |
Chemla C.,Center Hospitalier University |
Darde M.L.,University of Limoges |
And 11 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2013
Classically, Toxoplasma infection is associated with high levels of specific IgM antibody and a rise in specific IgG levels 1 to 3 weeks later. Atypical IgG seroconversion, without IgM detection or with transient IgM levels, has been described during serologic follow-up of seronegative pregnant women and raises difficulties in interpreting the results. To evaluate the frequency and the characteristics of these atypical cases of seroconversion, an investigation was conducted within the French National Reference Center for Toxoplasmosis, from which 26 cases collected from 12 laboratories belonging to the network were identified. The aim of this work was to retrospectively analyze the results of serologic testing, the treatments administered, and the results of prenatal and postnatal follow-up for these women. In each case, IgG antibodies were detected using both screening and confirmatory tests. IgM antibodies were not detected in 15 cases, and the levels were equivocal or low-positive in 11 cases. The IgG avidity results were low in 16 cases and high in one case. Most of the pregnant women (22/26) were treated with spiramycin from the time that IgG antibodies appeared until delivery. Amniotic fluid was analyzed for Toxoplasma gondii DNA by PCR in 11/26 cases, and the results were negative in all cases. Congenital toxoplasmosis was ruled out in 12/26 newborns. There was no abnormality observed at birth for 10 newborns and no information available for 4 newborns. In conclusion, when the interpretation of serological results is so difficult, it seems cautious to initiate treatment by spiramycin and to follow the pregnant women and their newborns. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology.
Donatelli G.,Unite d'Endoscopie Interventionnelle |
Donatelli G.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Dumont J.-L.,Unite d'Endoscopie Interventionnelle |
Cereatti F.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
And 12 more authors.
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2015
Background: Leaks are considered one of the major complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with a reported rate up to 7 %. Drainage of the collection coupled with SEMS deployment is the most frequent treatment. Its success is variable and burdened by high morbidity and not irrelevant mortality. The aim of this paper is to suggest and establish a new approach by endoscopic internal drainage (EID) for the management of leaks. Methods: Since March 2013, 67 patients presenting leak following LSG were treated with deployment of double pigtail plastic stents across orifice leak, positioning one end inside the collection and the other end in remnant stomach. The aim of EID is to internally drain the collection and at the same time promote leak healing. Results: Double pigtails stent were successfully delivered in 66 out of 67 patients (98.5 %). Fifty patients were cured by EID after a mean time of 57.5 days and an average of 3.14 endoscopic sessions. Two died for event not related to EID. Nine are still under treatment; five failure had been registered. Six patients developed late stenosis treated endoscopically. Conclusions: EID proved to be a valid, curative, and safe mini-invasive approach for treatment of leaks following SG. EID achieves complete drainage of perigastric collections and stimulates mucosal growth over the stent. EID is well tolerated, allows early re-alimentation, and it is burdened by fewer complications than others technique. Long-term follow-up confirms good outcomes with no motility or feeding alterations. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Donatelli G.,Unite dEndoscopie Interventionnelle |
Ferretti S.,Hopital University Antoine Beclere |
Vergeau B.M.,Unite dEndoscopie Interventionnelle |
Dhumane P.,Lilavati Hospital and Research Center |
And 9 more authors.
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2014
Background: Endoscopic treatment of gastric leaks (GL) following sleeve gastrectomy (SG) involves different techniques; however, standard management is not yet established. We report our experience about endoscopic internal drainage of leaks using pigtail stents coupled with enteral nutrition (EDEN) for 4 to 6 weeks until healing is achieved. Methods: In 21 pts (18 F, 41 years), one or two plastic pigtail stents were delivered across the leak 25.6 days (4-98) post-surgery. In all patients, nasojejunal tube was inserted. Check endoscopy was done at 4 to 6 weeks with either restenting if persistent leak, or removal if no extravasation of contrast in peritoneal cavity, or closure with an Over-the-Scope Clip® (OTSC®) if contrast opacifying the crossing stent without concomitant peritoneal extravasation. Results: Twenty-one out of 21 (100 %) patients underwent check endoscopy at average of 30.15 days (26-45) from stenting. In 7/21 (33.3 %) patients leak sealed, 2/7 needed OTSC®. Second check endoscopy, 26.7 days (25-42) later, showed sealed leak in 10 out 14; 6/10 had OTSC®. Four required restenting. One patient, 28 days later, needed OTSC®. One healed at 135 days and another 180 days after four and seven changes, respectively. One patient is currently under treatment. In 20/21 (95.2 %), GL have healed with EID treatment of 55.5 days (26-∈180); all are asymptomatic on a normal diet at average follow-up of 150.3 days (20-276). Conclusions: EDEN is a promising therapeutic approach for treating leaks following SG. Multiple endoscopic sessions may be required. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.
Villard O.,University of Strasbourg |
Cimon B.,University of Angers |
L'Ollivier C.,Laboratoire Of Parasitologie Mycologie |
Fricker-Hidalgo H.,Center Hospitalier University challon Et University Of Grenoble |
And 6 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2016
Toxoplasmosis manifests no clinical signs in 80% of cases in immunocompetent patient, causing immunization characterized by the persistence of cysts, particularly in brain, muscles, and retina. Assessing the serological status, based on testing for serum toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies, is essential in cases that are increasingly at risk for the more severe disease forms, such as congenital or ocular toxoplasmosis. This disease also exposes immunosuppressed patients to reactivation, which can lead to more widespread forms and increased mortality. By interpreting the serological results, we can estimate the risk of contamination or reactivation and define appropriate prophylactic and preventive measures, such as hygienic and dietetic, therapeutic, biological, and clinical follow-up, according to the clinical context. We hereby propose practical approaches based on serological data, resulting from a consensus of a group of experts from the French National Reference Center Network for Toxoplasmosis, according to both routine and specific clinical situations. © 2016 The Authors.
Villard O.,Hopitaux Universitaires Of Strasbourg |
Breit L.,Hopitaux Universitaires Of Strasbourg |
Cimon B.,Institut Universitaire de France |
Franck J.,Laboratoire Of Parasitologie Mycologie |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2013
Toxoplasma infection in pregnant women may cause congenital toxoplasmosis. Diagnosis of infection is based on serological tests aimed at detecting IgM and IgG antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii. However, IgM antibodies are not an accurate marker for discriminating between acute and latent infection. Detection of residual or persistent IgM may occur months or even years after primary infection, while the IgG avidity test is a rapid means of identifying latent infections in pregnant women who exhibit both IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma antibodies on initial testing during pregnancy. In this study, we assessed and compared the performances of four commercially available Toxoplasma IgG avidity tests in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients with acute and latent toxoplasmosis. The positive predictive value of high avidity to confirm latent toxoplasmosis was 100% for all the assays, indicating that high avidity is a hallmark of latent infection. However, the negative predictive value of high avidity ranged from 99.2% (bioMérieux) to 95.3% (Abbott), indicating that acute toxoplasmosis could not be reliably diagnosed based on low IgG avidity alone. Thus, the avidity test provides a rapid means for identifying latent Toxoplasma infection in immunocompetent pregnant women presenting both IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma antibodies on initial testing. In terms of cost-effectiveness, avidity testing is a powerful tool that optimizes screening and follow-up of pregnant women while minimizing the costs of screening by avoiding subsequent costly maternal and fetal investigation and unnecessary treatment. The cheapest assay, Vidas Toxo IgG Avidity, also had the best performance for the diagnosis of latent toxoplasmosis. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Mele N.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis |
Charbonneau F.,Rothschild |
Henry C.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis
Pratique Neurologique - FMC | Year: 2015
Although cerebrovascular complications of tuberculous meningitis are common, tuberculous arteritis is a rare cause of stroke. Its detection may be difficult because of the possible lack of obvious infectious signs. We report the case of a 34-year-old Indian man whose cerebral tuberculosis was proved three years after the first cerebral event, on the base of arterial intracranial stenoses without any atheroma risk factor, enhancement of the arachnoid on magnetic resonance imaging, and presence of epithelioid and giant cell granuloma in a mediastinal adenopathy. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Al-Salameh A.,Center Hospitalier Of Creil |
Cohen R.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis |
Desailloud R.,Center Hospitalier University dAmiens
Application of Clinical Genetics | Year: 2014
Primary aldosteronism is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. The syndrome accounts for 10% of all cases of hypertension and is primarily caused by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or aldosterone-producing adenoma. Over the last few years, the use of exome sequencing has significantly improved our understanding of this syndrome. Somatic mutations in the KCNJ5, ATP1A1, ATP2B3 or CACNA1D genes are present in more than half of all cases of aldosterone-producing adenoma (~40%, ~6%, ~1% and ~8%, respectively). Germline gain-of-function mutations in KCNJ5 are now known to cause familial hyperaldosteronism type III, and an additional form of genetic hyperaldosteronism has been reported in patients with germline mutations in CACNA1D. These genes code for channels that control ion homeostasis across the plasma membrane of zona glomerulosa cells. Moreover, all these mutations modulate the same pathway, in which elevated intracellular calcium levels lead to aldosterone hyperproduction and (in some cases) adrenal cell proliferation. From a clinical standpoint, the discovery of these mutations has potential implications for patient management. The mutated channels could be targeted by drugs, in order to control hormonal and overgrowth-related manifestations. Furthermore, some of these mutations are associated with high cell turnover and may be amenable to diagnosis via the sequencing of cell-free (circulating) DNA. However, genotype-phenotype correlations in patients harboring these mutations have yet to be characterized. Despite this recent progress, much remains to be done to elucidate the yet unknown mechanisms underlying sporadic bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. © 2014 Al-Salameh et al.
Psychological taking care of patients suffering of obesity in a chirurgical service specialised in obesity: Point of view of a psychoanalyst [Prise en charge psychologique des patients obèses dans un service de chirurgie de l’obésité : le point de vue d’un psychanalyste]
Dunoyer S.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis
Obesite | Year: 2016
How can one take care of patients who suffer from obesity, but express no need for psychological treatment, and do not want or cannot think about their condition but only want to receive medical treatment? First of all, by knowing how to welcome them where they are, even if if that mean going through a medical process. The objective is to lead them to create a need for themselves, teach them how to control their wishes, decrease their dependence or addiction, help them saying no to the tyrannical pleasure of food in order to become a desiring subject, subject who would then be in the position of deciding, and not anymore being passive. This experiment conducted at the Saint-Denis Hospital (93) describes the uniqueness of a clinic which welcomes patients from diverse origins and cultures. © 2015, Springer-Verlag France.
Catheline J.M.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis
Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2013
Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) at 5 years after surgery. From June 2005 to January 2007, 65 obese patients underwent SG. The percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) and excess BMI loss (% EBL), obesity-related co-morbidities, and post-SG complications were evaluated at 2 years after SG based on our database, and at 5 years after SG based on a questionnaire sent to the patients by one of the authors (IB) between May 2011 and February 2012. A complete data set was obtained for 53 of 65 patients (82%), including 45 patients who had SG as the only surgical treatment, and eight patients who had a second bariatric procedure at a later date because of insufficient weight loss (five gastric bypass (GBP), three SG revision). For these 53 patients, the mean %EWL was 54.4% at 2 years and 53.7% at 5 years, and the mean %EBL was 61% at 2 years and 60% at 5 years. Three patients (5.7%) had post-operative complications (two fistulas (3.8%), one hemorrhage (1.9%)). Three trocar-site hernias (5.7%) were observed between 10 months and 34 months post-SG. Sub-group analysis of the 45 patients who underwent SG alone showed a mean %EWL of 57.1% at 2 years and 50.7% at 5 years; the mean %EBL was 64% at 2 years and 56.8% at 5 years. Of these 45 patients, 13 (28.9%) required medication to treat diabetes (DM) before SG and only five (11.1%) at 5 years after SG (61.5% decrease); 18 (40%) had antihypertensive treatment before SG, and eight (17.8%) at 5 years after SG (55.5% decrease); 12 (26.7%) took lipid-lowering medication before SG, and five (11.1%) at 5 years after SG (58.3% decrease); 24 (53.3%) had sleep apnea (SAS) before SG and six (17.8%) at 5 years after SG (75% decrease). However, while only five patients (11.1%) had GERD requiring PPI therapy before SG, 15 patients required PPI therapy (33.3%) at 5 years after SG (200% increase). Five years after performance of SG, weight loss was satisfactory, few complications were observed, the reduction of co-morbidities was significant, but there was an increase in the frequency of GERD. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Marin I.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis |
Romejko I.F.,Center Hospitalier Of Saint Denis
Revue de l'Infirmiere | Year: 2016
The hospital is the last refuge for sick homeless people when their illness makes life on the street impossible. The teams often consider these patients as different, difficult and not easy to place in a specific type of care. In palliative care, fewer questions are raised as the patients are hospitalised for their terminal phase. The difficulties often lie in diagnosing the disease and recognising its seriousness and the patient's social situation. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.