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Yang B.,University of Montreal | Dieude M.,University of Montreal | Hamelin K.,University of Montreal | Henault-Rondeau M.,University of Montreal | And 11 more authors.
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2016

Pretransplant autoantibodies to LG3 and angiotensin II type 1 receptors (AT1R) are associated with acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients, whereas antivimentin autoantibodies participate in heart transplant rejection. Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) can modify self-antigenic targets. We hypothesized that ischemia-reperfusion creates permissive conditions for autoantibodies to interact with their antigenic targets and leads to enhanced renal damage and dysfunction. In 172 kidney transplant recipients, we found that pretransplant anti-LG3 antibodies were associated with an increased risk of delayed graft function (DGF). Pretransplant anti-LG3 antibodies are inversely associated with graft function at 1 year after transplantation in patients who experienced DGF, independent of rejection. Pretransplant anti-AT1R and antivimentin were not associated with DGF or its functional outcome. In a model of renal IRI in mice, passive transfer of anti-LG3 IgG led to enhanced dysfunction and microvascular injury compared with passive transfer with control IgG. Passive transfer of anti-LG3 antibodies also favored intrarenal microvascular complement activation, microvascular rarefaction and fibrosis after IRI. Our results suggest that anti-LG3 antibodies are novel aggravating factors for renal IRI. These results provide novel insights into the pathways that modulate the severity of renal injury at the time of transplantation and their impact on long-term outcomes. © 2016 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. Source

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