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Ducrocq G.,Departement Hospitalo University | Ducrocq G.,University Paris Diderot | Ducrocq G.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Puymirat E.,APHP | And 9 more authors.
American Heart Journal | Year: 2015

Background An association between transfusion during index hospitalization and increased subsequent mortality has been reported in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Whether this reflects the prognostic role of transfusion per se, or the impact of the index event leading to transfusion, remains unclear. We sought to evaluate the impact of transfusion on mortality in patients with AMI. Methods Using the nationwide FAST-MI 2005 AMI registry, we recorded anemia on admission, Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction major or minor bleeding, and transfusions during hospital stay. Multivariable analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of in-hospital and 5-year mortality. Cohorts of patients matched for propensity to receive transfusion were compared. Results Among 3541 patients with AMI, 827 (23.4%) had anemia on admission, 114 (3.2%) had minor or major bleeding, and 151 (4.3%) underwent transfusion. After multivariable analysis, both anemia and bleeding were independently associated with 5-year mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.4, 95% CI 1.2-1.6 and HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.8, respectively), whereas transfusion did not appear to be an independent predictor (HR 1.1, 95% CI 0.8-1.5). Mortality at 5 years did not differ between cohorts matched for propensity to receive transfusion. Conclusions In this cohort, anemia on admission and bleeding during hospitalization were both associated with increased 5-year mortality in patients with myocardial infarction. Conversely, transfusion per se was not associated with lower survival. Further work is needed to clarify the optimal transfusion strategy in patients with bleeding or anemia and myocardial infarction. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source


Grimaldi-Bensouda L.,LA SER | Grimaldi-Bensouda L.,French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts | Grimaldi-Bensouda L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Alperovitch A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 73 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2014

Background: Gout therapy includes xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) and colchicine, which have both been associated with decreased cardiovascular risk. However, their effects on major cardiac events, such as myocardial infarction (MI), need to be investigated further. Objectives: To investigate whether XOIs and colchicine are associated with decreased risk of MI. Methods: This case-control study compared patients with first-ever MI and matched controls. Cases were recruited from the Pharmacoepidemiological General Research on MI registry. Controls were selected from a referent population (n=8444) from general practice settings. Results: The study sample consisted of 2277 MI patients and 4849 matched controls. Use of allopurinol was reported by 3.1% of cases and 3.8 of controls, and 1.1% of cases and controls used colchicine. The adjusted OR (95% CI) for MI with allopurinol use was 0.80 (0.59 to 1.09). When using less stringent matching criteria that allowed for inclusion of 2593 cases and 5185 controls, the adjusted OR was 0.73 (0.54 to 0.99). Similar results were found on analysis by sex and hypertension status. Colchicine used was not associated with a decreased risk of MI (aOR=1.17 (0.70 to 1.93)). Conclusions: Allopurinol may be associated with a reduced risk of MI. No decreased risk of MI was found in colchicine users. Besides its urate-lowering property, allopurinol might have a cardioprotective effect. © 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & European League Against Rheumatism. Source


Grimaldi-Bensouda L.,LA SER | Grimaldi-Bensouda L.,French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts | Grimaldi-Bensouda L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Alperovitch A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 55 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2015

Background: Gout therapy includes xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) and colchicine, which have both been associated with decreased cardiovascular risk. However, their effects on major cardiac events, such as myocardial infarction (MI), need to be investigated further. Objectives: To investigate whether XOIs and colchicine are associated with decreased risk of MI. Methods: This case-control study compared patients with first-ever MI and matched controls. Cases were recruited from the Pharmacoepidemiological General Research on MI registry. Controls were selected from a referent population (n=8444) from general practice settings. Results: The study sample consisted of 2277 MI patients and 4849 matched controls. Use of allopurinol was reported by 3.1% of cases and 3.8 of controls, and 1.1% of cases and controls used colchicine. The adjusted OR (95% CI) for MI with allopurinol use was 0.80 (0.59 to 1.09). When using less stringent matching criteria that allowed for inclusion of 2593 cases and 5185 controls, the adjusted OR was 0.73 (0.54 to 0.99). Similar results were found on analysis by sex and hypertension status. Colchicine used was not associated with a decreased risk of MI (aOR=1.17 (0.70 to 1.93)). Conclusions: Allopurinol may be associated with a reduced risk of MI. No decreased risk of MI was found in colchicine users. Besides its urate-lowering property, allopurinol might have a cardioprotective effect. Source


Roger F.,Montpellier University | Lamy B.,Montpellier University | Lamy B.,Montpellier University Hospital Center | Jumas-Bilak E.,Montpellier University | And 158 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

16S rRNA gene (rrs) is considered of low taxonomic interest in the genus Aeromonas. Here, 195 Aeromonas strains belonging to populations structured by multilocus phylogeny were studied using an original approach that considered Ribosomal Multi-Operon Diversity. This approach associated pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) to assess rrn operon number and distribution across the chromosome and PCR-temporal temperature gel electrophoresis (TTGE) to assess rrs V3 region heterogeneity. Aeromonads harbored 8 to 11 rrn operons, 10 operons being observed in more than 92% of the strains. Intraspecific variability was low or nul except for A. salmonicida and A. aquariorum suggesting that large chromosomic rearrangements might occur in these two species while being extremely rarely encountered in the evolution of other taxa. rrn operon number at 8 as well as PFGE patterns were shown valuable for taxonomic purpose allowing resolution of species complexes. PCR-TTGE revealed a high rate of strains (41.5%) displaying intragenomic rrs heterogeneity. Strains isolated from human samples more frequently displayed intragenomic heterogeneity than strains recovered from non-human and environmental specimens. Intraspecific variability ranged from 0 to 76.5% of the strains. The observation of species-specific TTGE bands, the recovery of identical V3 regions in different species and the variability of intragenomic heterogeneity (1-13 divergent nucleotides) supported the occurrence of mutations and horizontal transfer in aeromonad rrs evolution. Altogether, the presence of a high number of rrn operon, the high proportion of strains harboring divergent rrs V3 region and the previously demonstrated high level of genetic diversity argued in favor of highly adaptative capabilities of aeromonads. Outstanding features observed for A. caviae supported the ongoing process of adaptation to a specialized niche represented by the gut, previously hypothesized. 16S rRNA gene is an informative marker in the genus Aeromonas for both evolutionary and polyphasic taxonomic studies provided that multi-operon fingerprinting approaches are used. © 2012 Roger et al. Source

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