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Le Puy-en-Velay, France

Bould M.D.,Childrens Hospital of Eastern Ontario | Boet S.,St. Michaels Hospital | Riem N.,St. Michaels Hospital | Sossou A.,Center Hospitalier Emile Roux | Bruppacher H.R.,McMaster University
Anaesthesia | Year: 2010

While previous studies have investigated the country of origin of anaesthetic publications, they have generally used a medline computer search to identify original articles and have often excluded non-English language articles. We undertook a hand-search of journals in the Journal Citation Reports® using the subject category of Anesthesiology. We quantified the number of original articles, editorials, review articles, case reports and correspondence attributed to each country. We also calculated the proportion of articles of each type from countries of each national income category. We analysed 9684 articles published in 2007 and 2008. The United States published more original articles than any other country. High-income countries published 89.2% of original articles, middle-income countries 10.5%, and low-income countries just 0.3%. There were more articles published by middle-income countries during the study period than a decade earlier, notably from Turkey, China and India. We discuss barriers to publications from low-income countries. © 2010 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. Source

Morin T.,Center Hospitalier Of Bigorre | Pariente A.,Center Hospitalier Of Pau | Lahmek P.,Center Hospitalier Emile Roux | Rabaud C.,University of Lorraine | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2010

Objectives: To analyze the data (epidemiology, mode of transmission, course, and outcome) of a large series of patients with acute hepatitis C (AHC) in France. Methods: Prospective multicenter register, observational study. Results: A cohort of 126 patients with AHC was prospectively enrolled between 1999 and 2007. Fifteen (12%) were HIV coinfected. Suspected modes of hepatitis C virus transmission were drug use (38%), sexual contact (21%), nosocomial transmission (18%), and occupational exposure (12%). For 40% of the patients, AHC was revealed by jaundice. Spontaneous viral clearance occurred in 40% of the 72 patients observed for 3 months without treatment. Only jaundice and nosocomial/occupational transmission were predictive of spontaneous viral clearance. Ninety patients were treated with standard or pegylated interferonα alone (58%) or in combination with ribavirin (42%), for 24 weeks or less in 90%. In intention-to-treat, a sustained viral response was obtained in 58 of 78 (74%) hepatitis C virus monoinfected patients [19 of 22 (86%) with 24 weeks of pegylated interferon-α alone], but only six of 12 (50%) of HIV coinfected patients. Conclusion: AHC remains rare, and drug and sexual transmission are predominant. A 3-month follow-up after diagnosis avoids treatment for four out of 10 patients. Antiviral treatment is highly effective, 24 weeks of pegylated interferon-α alone being a good option. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Durand M.,Center Hospitalier Emile Roux | Durand M.,Jean Monnet University | Le Guellec S.,University of Monastir | Le Guellec S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 12 more authors.
European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases | Year: 2012

Aim: Intranasal aerosol administration of drugs is widely used by ENT specialists. Although clinical evidence is still lacking, intranasal nebulization appears to be an interesting therapeutic option for local drug delivery, targeting anatomic sites beyond the nasal valve. The sonic nebulizer NL11SN associates a 100 Hertz (Hz) sound to the aerosolization to improve deposition in the nasal/paranasal sinuses. The aim of the present study was: to evaluate in vivo the influence of associating a 100 Hz sound on sinus ventilation and nasal and pulmonary aerosol deposition in normal volunteers, and; to quantify in vitro aerosol deposition in the maxillary sinuses in a plastinated head model. Material and methods: Scintigraphic analysis of 81mKr gas ventilation and of sonic aerosol (99mTc-DTPA) deposition using the NL11SN was performed in vivo in seven healthy volunteers. In parallel, NL11SN gentamicin nebulization was performed, with or without associated 100 Hz sound, in a plastinated human head model; the gross amount of gentamicin delivered to the paranasal sinuses was determined by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Results: Associating the 100 Hz sound to 81mKr gas ensured paranasal sinus ventilation in healthy volunteers. 99mTc-DTPA particles nebulized with the NL11SN were deposited predominantly in the nasal cavities (2/3, vs 1/3 in the lungs). In vitro, the use of NL11SN in sonic mode increased gentamicin deposition threefold in the plastinated model sinuses (P < 0.002); the resulting antibiotic deposit would be sufficient to induce a local therapeutic effect. Conclusion: The NL11SN nebulizer ensured preferential nasal cavity aerosol deposition and successfully targeted the maxillary sinuses. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Morin T.,Center Hospitalier Of Bigorre | Pariente A.,Center Hospitalier | Lahmek P.,Center Hospitalier Emile Roux
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2011

Background: Although risk factors and useful preventive measures are largely known, specific data about the course and prognosis of acute hepatitis C among healthcare workers is lacking. Aim: To analyze the data, course, and outcome of a series of patients with occupationally transmitted acute hepatitis C in France. Methods and Setting: An observational multicenter study based on two consecutive acute hepatitis C cohorts, retrospective then prospective, registered between 1993 and 2007, mostly in general hospitals. Results: A cohort of 23 patients with occupationally transmitted hepatitis C virus (HCV) was set up. Occupational accident registration was done in 14 (61%) cases. They were mainly women (n=14), with a mean age of 43 years. The disease was diagnosed during surveillance after exposure in 16 patients, and nine had hyperbilirubinemia. Early treatment was applied to nine of them, with eight who sustained viral response (SVR). Fourteen underwent surveillance: spontaneous viral clearance occurred in nine of them, with two relapses. Five patients with persistent HCV RNA 12 weeks after the diagnosis were then treated, with four SVR. Conclusion: Information and prevention of healthcare workers concerning occupational HCV transmission need to be improved, and all blood-exposure accidents should be registered. Spontaneous viral clearance occurred in half of the patients. Antiviral treatment was highly effective, with a SVR of 86%. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Millat G.,Laboratoire Of Cardiogenetique Moleculaire | Millat G.,University of Lyon | Janin A.,Laboratoire Of Cardiogenetique Moleculaire | Janin A.,University of Lyon | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2015

A very recent study suggested that HCN4 mutations could be associated with sinusal bradycardia and myocardial non compaction. A French family with 3 affected sisters presenting the same clinical phenotype (sinus bradycardia in combination with non compaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM)) have benefited both from a systematic cardiovascular exploration and molecular investigations. The molecular analysis, performed by NGS sequencing, led to identify only one likely-disease causing variation: p.Gly482Arg on HCN4 gene. Our results confirm the genetic evidence for the involvement of the HCN4 mutations in the combined bradycardia-NCCM phenotype and illustrates that, in front of this combined clinical phenotype, HCN4 mutations has to be suspected. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

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