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Mallat J.,Center Hospitalier Du Dr Schaffner | Barrailler S.,Center Hospitalier Du Dr Schaffner | Lemyze M.,Center Hospitalier Du Dr Schaffner | Pepy F.,Center Hospitalier Du Dr Schaffner | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Introduction: To investigate whether the difference between sodium and chloride ([Na+] - [Cl-]) and anion gap corrected for albumin and lactate (AGcorr) could be used as apparent strong ion difference (SIDapp) and strong ion gap (SIG) surrogates (respectively) in critically ill patients. Methods: A total of 341 patients were prospectively observed; 161 were allocated to the modeling group, and 180 to the validation group. Simple regression analysis was used to construct a mathematical model between SIDapp and [Na+] - [Cl-] and between SIG and AGcorr in the modeling group. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was also measured. The mathematical models were tested in the validation group. Results: in the modeling group, SIDapp and SIG were well predicted by [Na+] - [Cl-] and AGcorr (R2 = 0.973 and 0.96, respectively). Accuracy values of [Na+] - [Cl-] for the identification of SIDapp acidosis (<42.7 mEq/L) and alkalosis (>47.5 mEq/L) were 0.992 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.963-1) and 0.998 (95%CI, 0.972-1), respectively. The accuracy of AGcorr in revealing SIG acidosis (>8 mEq/L) was 0.974 (95%CI: 0.936-0.993). These results were validated by showing excellent correlations and good agreements between predicted and measured SIDapp and between predicted and measured SIG in the validation group (R2 = 0.977; bias = 0±1.5 mEq/L and R2 = 0.96; bias = -0.2±1.8 mEq/L, respectively). Conclusions: SIDapp and SIG can be substituted by [Na+] - [Cl-] and by AGcorr respectively in the diagnosis and management of acid-base disorders in critically ill patients. © 2013 Mallat et al.

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