Entity

Time filter

Source Type

City Center, Spain

Horga G.,Hospital Clinic of Barcelona | Horga G.,University of Barcelona | Parellada E.,Hospital Clinic of Barcelona | Parellada E.,University of Barcelona | And 19 more authors.
Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience | Year: 2011

Background: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are a core symptom of schizophrenia. Previous reports on neural activity patterns associated with AVHs are inconsistent, arguably owing to the lack of an adequate control group (i.e., patients with similar characteristics but without AVHs) and neglect of the potential confounding effects of medication. Methods: The current study was conducted in a homo - gen eous group of patients with schizophrenia to assess whether the presence or absence of AVHs was associated with differential regional cerebral glucose metabolic patterns. We investigated differences between patients with commenting AVHs and patients without AVHs among a group of dextral antipsychotic-naive inpatients with acute first-episode schizophrenia examined with [18F]fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) at rest. Univariate and multivariate approaches were used to establish between-group differences. Results: We included 9 patients with AVHs and 7 patients without AVHs in this study. Patients experiencing AVHs during FDG uptake had significantly higher metabolic rates in the left superior and middle temporal cortices, bilateral superior medial frontal cortex and left caudate nucleus (cluster level p < 0.005, family wise error-corrected, and bootstrap ratio > 3.3, respectively). Additionally, the multivariate method identified hippocampal-parahippocampal, cerebellar and parietal relative hypoactivity during AVHs in both hemispheres (bootstrap ratio < -3.3). Limitations: The FDG-PET imaging technique does not provide information regarding the temporal course of neural activity. The limited sample size may have increased the risk of false-negative findings. Conclusion: Our results indicate that AVHs in patients with schizophrenia may be mediated by an alteration of neural pathways responsible for normal language function. Our findings also point to the potential role of the dominant caudate nucleus and the parahippocampal gyri in the pathophysiology of AVHs. We discuss the relevance of phenomenology-based grouping in the study of AVHs. © 2011 Canadian Medical Association. Source


Farre N.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Gomez M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Molina L.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Cladellas M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 6 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2014

Introduction and objectives Our objective was to assess the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in patients with asymptomatic moderate/severe aortic stenosis and to validate an adapted Monin score using natriuretic peptide levels in our setting. Methods Prospective study of 237 patients with degenerative asymptomatic moderate/severe aortic stenosis. NT-proBNP was determined in all patients, who were then followed up clinically. The adapted Monin score was defined as follows: (peak velocity [m/s]×2)+(logn NT-proBNP×1.5)(+1. 5 if woman). A clinical event was defined as surgery, hospital admission due to angina, heart failure or syncope, or death. Results A total of 51% were women, and the mean age was 74 years. Mean (SD) echocardiographic values were as follows: peak velocity 4.14 (0.87) m/s; mean gradient, 43.2 (16.0) mmHg; aortic valve area, 0.87 (0.72) cm2, and aortic valve area index, 0.49 (0.14) cm2/m2. The median NT-pro-BNP value was 490.0 [198.0-1312.0] pg/mL. There were 153 events during follow-up (median 18 months). The optimum NT-proBNP cut-point was 515 pg/mL, giving event-free survival rates at 1 and 2 years of 93% and 57%, respectively, in patients with NT-proBNP <515 pg/mL compared with 50% and 31% in those with NT-proBNP >515 pg/mL. Patients were divided into quartiles based on the Monin score. Event-free survival at 1 and 2 years was 87% and 79% in the first quartile, compared with 45% and 28% in the fourth quartile, respectively. Conclusions NT-proBNP determination provides prognostic information in patients with asymptomatic moderate/severe aortic stenosis. The adapted Monin score is useful in our setting and allows a more precise prognosis than does the use of NT-proBNP alone. © 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved. Source


Alvarez P.,Center Forum | Urretavizcaya M.,Hospital de Bellvitge | Benlloch L.,Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa | Vallejo J.,Hospital de Bellvitge | Menchon J.M.,Hospital de Bellvitge
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry | Year: 2011

Objective Several studies have reported clinical and biological differences between early- and late-onset (EO and LO) depression, which suggest different underlying aetiological processes. The aim of the present study is to examine whether there are differences between EO and LO depressed patients with melancholy, controlling for current age, with regard to clinical variables, vascular risk factors and family history of affective disorders or suicide. Methods One hundred and twenty-one melancholic patients were divided into three groups: patients with current age and onset earlier than 60 (N = 60), patients aged 60 or over and with onset at 60 or later (N = 30) and patients aged 60 or over and with onset before the age of 60 (N = 31). Systematic clinical data were collected with the structured interview 'The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia'. Symptom ratings at admission and at discharge were assessed by means of the 21-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and the Widlöcher Depression Retardation Scale. Family history of affective disorders or suicide was obtained using the Family History Research Diagnostic Criteria. Vascular risk factors were also recorded. Results The only symptoms that differed across the groups were feelings of anger and irritability, which scored lower in the LO older group. No other significant differences were found in the variables studied. Conclusion According to this study, LO depression with melancholia should not be considered as a distinct entity. Further studies on EO and LO-depression should consider this diagnostic subtype, among others, as a key variable. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Farre N.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Gomez M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Molina L.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Cladellas M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 6 more authors.
Revista española de cardiología (English ed.) | Year: 2014

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in patients with asymptomatic moderate/severe aortic stenosis and to validate an adapted Monin score using natriuretic peptide levels in our setting.METHODS: Prospective study of 237 patients with degenerative asymptomatic moderate/severe aortic stenosis. NT-proBNP was determined in all patients, who were then followed up clinically. The adapted Monin score was defined as follows: (peak velocity [m/s]×2)+(logn NT-proBNP×1.5)(+1.5 if woman). A clinical event was defined as surgery, hospital admission due to angina, heart failure or syncope, or death.RESULTS: A total of 51% were women, and the mean age was 74 years. Mean (SD) echocardiographic values were as follows: peak velocity 4.14 (0.87) m/s; mean gradient, 43.2 (16.0) mmHg; aortic valve area, 0.87 (0.72) cm(2), and aortic valve area index, 0.49 (0.14) cm(2)/m(2). The median NT-pro-BNP value was 490.0 [198.0-1312.0] pg/mL. There were 153 events during follow-up (median 18 months). The optimum NT-proBNP cut-point was 515 pg/mL, giving event-free survival rates at 1 and 2 years of 93% and 57%, respectively, in patients with NT-proBNP <515 pg/mL compared with 50% and 31% in those with NT-proBNP >515 pg/mL. Patients were divided into quartiles based on the Monin score. Event-free survival at 1 and 2 years was 87% and 79% in the first quartile, compared with 45% and 28% in the fourth quartile, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP determination provides prognostic information in patients with asymptomatic moderate/severe aortic stenosis. The adapted Monin score is useful in our setting and allows a more precise prognosis than does the use of NT-proBNP alone. Copyright © 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved. Source


Horga G.,Columbia University | Horga G.,Neuroscience Institute | Horga G.,University of Barcelona | Fernandez-Egea E.,University of Cambridge | And 17 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in schizophrenia are typically characterized by rich emotional content. Despite the prominent role of emotion in regulating normal perception, the neural interface between emotion-processing regions such as the amygdala and auditory regions involved in perception remains relatively unexplored in AVH. Here, we studied brain metabolism using FDG-PET in 9 remitted patients with schizophrenia that previously reported severe AVH during an acute psychotic episode and 8 matched healthy controls. Participants were scanned twice: (1) at rest and (2) during the perception of aversive auditory stimuli mimicking the content of AVH. Compared to controls, remitted patients showed an exaggerated response to the AVH-like stimuli in limbic and paralimbic regions, including the left amygdala. Furthermore, patients displayed abnormally strong connections between the amygdala and auditory regions of the cortex and thalamus, along with abnormally weak connections between the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex. These results suggest that abnormal modulation of the auditory cortex by limbic-thalamic structures might be involved in the pathophysiology of AVH and may potentially account for the emotional features that characterize hallucinatory percepts in schizophrenia. © 2014 Horga et al. Source

Discover hidden collaborations