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PubMed | Center for Transplant and Renal Research and, Peoples Hospital of Guangxi Autonomous Region, University of New South Wales and Childrens Hospital at Westmead
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN | Year: 2016

CD103(+) dendritic cells (DCs) in nonlymphoid organs exhibit two main functions: maintaining tolerance by induction of regulatory T cells and protecting against tissue infection through cross-presentation of foreign antigens to CD8(+) T cells. However, the role of CD103(+) DCs in kidney disease is unknown. In this study, we show that CD103(+) DCs are one of four subpopulations of renal mononuclear phagocytes in normal kidneys. CD103(+) DCs expressed DC-specific surface markers, transcription factors, and growth factor receptors and were found in the kidney cortex but not in the medulla. The number of kidney CD103(+) DCs was significantly higher in mice with adriamycin nephropathy (AN) than in normal mice, and depletion of CD103(+) DCs attenuated kidney injury in AN mice. In vitro, kidney CD103(+) DCs preferentially primed CD8(+) T cells and did not directly induce tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. Adoptive transfer of CD8(+) T cells significantly exacerbated kidney injury in AN SCID mice, whereas depletion of CD103(+) DCs in these mice impaired activation and proliferation of transfused CD8(+) T cells and prevented the exacerbation of kidney injury associated with this transfusion. In conclusion, kidney CD103(+) DCs display a pathogenic role in murine CKD via activation of CD8(+) T cells.

PubMed | Center for Transplant and Renal Research and, Childrens Hospital at Westmead and University of New South Wales
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN | Year: 2015

Conventional markers of macrophages (Ms) and dendritic cells (DCs) lack specificity and often overlap, leading to confusion and controversy regarding the precise function of these cells in kidney and other diseases. This study aimed to identify the phenotype and function of renal mononuclear phagocytes (rMPs) expressing key markers of both Ms and DCs. F4/80(+)CD11c(+) cells accounted for 45% of total rMPs in normal kidneys and in those from mice with Adriamycin nephropathy (AN). Despite expression of the DC marker CD11c, these double-positive rMPs displayed the features of Ms, including M-like morphology, high expression of CD68, CD204, and CD206, and high phagocytic ability but low antigen-presenting ability. F4/80(+)CD11c(+) cells were found in the cortex but not in the medulla of the kidney. In AN, F4/80(+)CD11c(+) cells displayed an M1 M phenotype with high expression of inflammatory mediators and costimulatory factors. Adoptive transfer of F4/80(+)CD11c(+) cells separated from diseased kidney aggravated renal injury in AN mice. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of common progenitors revealed that kidney F4/80(+)CD11c(+) cells were derived predominantly from monocytes, but not from pre-DCs. In conclusion, renal F4/80(+)CD11c(+) cells are a major subset of rMPs and display M-like phenotypic and functional characteristics in health and in AN.

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