Liverpool, United Kingdom
Liverpool, United Kingdom

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Qiu S.S.,Chang Gung University | Huang J.-J.,Chang Gung University | Huang J.-J.,Center for Tissue Engineering | Wu C.-W.,Chang Gung University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2016

Background: This study was to compare the use of one-side versus two-sides recipient vessels in either bilateral breast reconstructions or unilateral breast reconstruction with contralateral augmentation using bilateral DIEP flaps. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review including all cases of bilateral breast reconstructions and unilateral reconstruction with contralateral augmentation with DIEP flaps was performed. Patient's demographics, surgical variables, and outcome were collected. Two distinct cohorts based on the recipient vessel techniques, one-side versus two-sides, were compared. Results: A total of 25 patients with 50 split-DIEP flaps were included, with one-side recipient vessels used in 19 patients and two-sides recipient vessels in 6 patients. Ischemia time was significantly reduced in one-side recipient group compared to two-sides recipient vessels group (62.4 ± 21.3 vs. 105.9 ± 32.5, P < 0.001). There was no statistic difference in venous congestion, partial flap loss, or fat necrosis in both groups. Conclusions: Using one-side recipient vessels for bilateral breast reconstructions with unilateral breast reconstruction with contralateral augmentation using differentially split DIEP flaps presents a high success rate, acceptable ischemia time, and minimal complications for small to medium volume breast reconstructions. Utilizing this method can reduce the ischemia time and spare one side internal mammary vessels. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:5–10. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Khattak M.,University of Liverpool | Pu F.,Center for Tissue Engineering | Curran J.M.,University of Liverpool | Hunt J.A.,Center for Tissue Engineering | D'Sa R.A.,University of Liverpool
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine | Year: 2015

Advances in material sciences have enabled the fabrication of biomaterials which are able to provide the requisite cues to stimulate cells to behave in a specific way. Nanoscale surface topographies are well known to be able to positively influence cell–substrate interactions. This study reports on a novel series of poly(ε-caprolactone) PCL and poly(methyl methacrylate) demixed nanotopographic films as non-biological cell-stimulating cues. The topographic features observed ranged from nanoislands to nanopits. PMMA was observed to segregate to the air interface, while PCL preferred the substrate interface. Preliminary response of human mesenchymal stem cells to these surfaces indicated that the substrate with nanoisland topography has the potential to differentiate to osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic lineages. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Banyard D.A.,Center for Tissue Engineering | Sarantopoulos C.N.,Center for Tissue Engineering | Borovikova A.A.,Center for Tissue Engineering | Qiu X.,Center for Tissue Engineering | And 5 more authors.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2016

Background: Optimization of fat grafting continues to gain increasing attention in the field of regenerative medicine. "Nanofat grafting" implements mechanical emulsification and injection of standard lipoaspirate for the correction of superficial rhytides and skin discoloration; however, little is known about the cellular constituents of the graft. Based on recent evidence that various stressors can induce progenitor activity, the authors hypothesized that the shear forces used in common fat grafting techniques may impact their regenerative capacities. Methods: Lipoaspirates were obtained from 10 patients undergoing elective procedures. Half of each sample was subjected to nanofat processing; the other half was left unchallenged. The viscosity of each sample was measured for computational analysis. The stromal vascular fraction of each sample was isolated, quantified, and analyzed by means of flow cytometry with two multicolor fluorescence antibody panels. Results: Standard lipoaspirate is ideally suited for mechanical stress induction. The mechanical emulsification involved in nanofat processing did not affect cell number; however, viability was greatly reduced when compared with the stromal vascular fraction of standard lipoaspirate. Interestingly, nanofat processing resulted in stress-induced stromal vascular fraction with a higher proportion of endothelial progenitor cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and multilineage differentiating stress-enduring cells. Single-parameter analysis also revealed significant increases in CD34, CD13, CD73, and CD146 of the stress-induced stromal vascular fraction, markers associated with mesenchymal stem cell activity. Conclusions: Mechanical processing used in techniques such as nanofat grafting induces the up-regulation of progenitor phenotypes consistent with multipotency and pluripotency. These data provide a first step in characterizing the potential regenerative benefits realized through stress induction in fat grafting. CLINCAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, V. © 2016 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

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