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Under what conditions does international advocacy contribute to the establishment of new human rights? This article explores the question by examining the advocacy experience of the Dalits, India's 'Untouchables', at the United Nations. After decades of unyielding pleading, starting in 1996 a number of developments led to the recognition of caste discrimination as a human rights abuse at the UN. The article narrates the process by examining three intriguing puzzles that the existing literature has left unaddressed. To this purpose, it looks at the interactions between the concerned actors as patron-client relationships structured by professionalism or power politics. The findings downplay the importance of organizational factors, highlight the competitive dynamics of the 'NGO community', and suggest two different pathways advocacy groups may follow to achieve recognition of new human rights © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source


Ghosal S.,Center for Studies in Social science
Journal of Sustainable Forestry | Year: 2013

The marketing of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) through formal channels is a complicated task in the Global South because of the lack of suitable infrastructure and the influence of intermediaries. Strengthening the formal marketing process, on the one hand, can reduce the exploitation of forest products while improving the socioeconomic status of forest fringe villagers. This article examines how identifying the present problems of formal marketing system, can be enhanced in the future in the dry-deciduous forest area of West Bengal, India, where a considerable amount of dispersed Sal (Shorea robusta) forest exists. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source


This study suggests that there is a narrower scope to expand income inequality with the increase in forest source of income to total income relative to non-forest income irrespective of the type of forest fringe villages. The addition of forest income after joint forest management (JFM) reduces measured income inequality by about 12%, all else equal, in the JFM involved households. But no such perceptible decrease has been found for non-JFM households during this period. Categorically, forest income plays the dominant role in reducing measured income inequality for those households who are relatively asset poor and that also live below poverty line. The study also shows that the non-involvement in JFM programme by the non-JFM households might bring about a major environmental shirking, because illegal timber income constitutes the major part in total income for non-JFM households even after JFM scenario. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Chatterjee A.,Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics | Chakrabarti A.S.,Indian Institute of Management | Ghosh A.,Aalto University | Chakraborti A.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | Nandi T.K.,Center for Studies in Social science
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2016

We study the distributional features and inequality of consumption expenditure across India, for different states, castes, religion and urban-rural divide. We find that even though the aggregate measures of inequality are fairly diversified across states, the consumption distributions show near identical statistics, once properly normalized. This feature is seen to be robust with respect to variations in sociological and economic factors. We also show that state-wise inequality seems to be positively correlated with growth which is in accord with the traditional idea of Kuznets' curve. We present a brief model to account for the invariance found empirically and show that better but riskier technology draws can create a positive correlation between inequality and growth. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Marjit S.,University of Nottingham | Kar S.,Center for Studies in Social science
Pacific Economic Review | Year: 2013

This paper shows that international capital flow can lead to a rise in the relative wage between skilled and unskilled workers simultaneously in both capital-exporting and capital-importing nations. The impossibility of two-sided wage inequality as an outcome of exogenous shocks has been previously discussed in the literature. We argue that such a result is highly probable when some industries vanish following changes in factor prices as a consequence of factor flows. The asymmetry in the nature of finite changes is the critical factor. © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

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