Center for Studies in Processed Foods

Gore, Chile

Center for Studies in Processed Foods

Gore, Chile
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Silva G.R.G.,Catholic University of the Maule | Espinoza C.M.C.,Catholic University of the Maule | Bustamante M.A.V.,Catholic University of the Maule | Alday L.C.C.,Center for Studies in Processed Foods | And 3 more authors.
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2017

The raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is one of the most important fruit for production in the Maule Region, Chile. Raspberries are affected by the tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV), which causes decreased yield and deformed fruit. The objective of this work is to study ToRSV spread in different raspberry varieties in the Maule Region, Chile. The virus was detected using the ELISA test and RT-PCR in the Heritage, Meeker, Chilliwack, Amity and Coho varieties. Bayesian analysis determined the relationship between the percentage of ToRSV incidence in the cultivated varieties and the locations in the different provinces of the Maule Region. It was observed that the Linares province showed the highest levels of the virus in the different varieties: Amity (70%), Meeker (39%) and Heritage (26%), compared to other provinces in the region. These results suggest a high spread of ToRSV through the Maule Region. Nei distance analysis suggests that 14 of the virus isolates coming from the Talca and Linares Provinces would show differences with the ToRSV accessions deposited in the global gene bank (NCBI). © 2017, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. All rights reserved.


Rodriguez-Azua R.,Center for Studies in Processed Foods | Treuer A.,Center for Studies in Processed Foods | Moore-Carrasco R.,Center for Studies in Processed Foods | Moore-Carrasco R.,University of Talca | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Food | Year: 2014

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Healthy eating is among its safeguards, especially the daily intake of fruits and vegetables. In this context it has been shown that tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) presents antiplatelet activity. In the present study, we evaluated in vitro antiplatelet activity of fresh hybrid tomato process (nine hybrids: Apt 410, H 9888, Bos 8066, Sun 6366, AB3, HMX 7883, H 9665, H 7709, and H 9997), paste and its by-product of industrial processes (pomace). We assessed antiplatelet activity ex vivo and bleeding time in rats that ingested 0.1 and 1.0g/kg of pomace each day. In studies in vitro, no significant differences in antiplatelet activity was observed in fresh tomato hybrids. Furthermore, the agro-industrial process did not affect the antiplatelet activity of paste and pomace. Likewise, pomace intake of 1.0g/kg per day prolonged bleeding time and reduced ex vivo platelet aggregation in rats. The data obtained indicate that tomato has one or more compounds that caused antiplatelet activity. Regular consumption of tomato and its industrial derivatives could be part of a CVD prevention regimen. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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