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Konnola T.,Impetu Solutions | Salo A.,Aalto University | Cagnin C.,EU DG JRC IPTS | Cagnin C.,Center for Strategic Studies and Management | And 3 more authors.
Science and Public Policy

In this paper, we discuss key issues in harnessing horizon scanning to shape systemic policies, particularly in the light of the foresight exercise 'Facing the future: Time for the EU to meet global challenges' which was carried out for the Bureau of European Policy Advisors. This exercise illustrates how horizon scanning can enable collective sense-making processes which assist in the identification of emerging signals and policy issues; the synthesis of such issues into encompassing clusters; and the interpretation of resulting clusters as an important step towards the coordinated development of joint policy measures. In order to achieve such objectives, horizon scanning can benefit from methods of multi-criteria decision-making and network analysis for prioritizing, clustering and combining issues. Furthermore, these methods provide support for traceability, which in turn contributes to the enhanced transparency and legitimacy of foresight. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Cagnin C.,Joint Research Center Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies IPTS | Cagnin C.,Center for Strategic Studies and Management | Amanatidou E.,University of Manchester | Keenan M.,University of Manchester
Science and Public Policy

A strong research and innovation policy discourse has emerged in recent years around the need to address 'grand challenges', particularly at EU level. This paper highlights the contributions that future-oriented technology analysis (FTA) might make to orienting innovation processes towards grand challenges. It takes a 'systems of innovation' approach and focuses on the structural and functional aspects of such systems to consider the relevant roles of FTA. In this context, FTA can generate 'informing', 'structuring' and 'capacity-building' benefits while enabling a shift in innovation foci towards grand challenges. However, FTA could be better exploited to deliver its structuring and capacity-building benefits, which are hardly recognised in the EU's existing innovation policy instruments, in order to effectively reorient the EU's innovation systems towards grand challenges. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Sivakumar M.V.K.,27 Chemin des Corbillettes | Stefanski R.,World Meteorological Organization | Bazza M.,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | Zelaya S.,UNCCD Secretariat | And 2 more authors.
Weather and Climate Extremes

Drought is widely recognized as a slow creeping natural hazard that occurs as a consequence of the natural climatic variability. In recent years, concern has grown world-wide that droughts may be increasing in frequency and severity given the changing climatic conditions. Responses to droughts in most parts of the world are generally reactive in terms of crisis management and are known to be untimely, poorly coordinated and disintegrated. Without a coordinated, national drought policy, nations will continue to respond to drought in a reactive, crisis management mode. In order to address the issue of national drought policy, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in collaboration with a number of partners, organized the High-level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) in Geneva, Switzerland, from 11 to 15 March 2013. The goal of HMNDP was to provide practical insight into useful, science-based actions to address key drought issues and various strategies to cope with drought. During HMNDP, detailed discussions were held during a scientific segment over 3.5 days, leading to the adoption of a HMNDP Declaration in a High Level Segment, calling on all the governments around the world to develop and implement national drought policies. The major outcomes of the scientific and high level segments are presented. © 2014 The Authors. Source

Nehme C.C.,Center for Strategic Studies and Management | Nehme C.C.,Catholic University of Brasilia | Santos M.M.,Center for Strategic Studies and Management | Filho L.F.,Center for Strategic Studies and Management | Coelho G.M.,Center for Strategic Studies and Management
Science and Public Policy

This paper addresses the challenges of communicating the results of a strategic foresight exercise which aimed to support decision-makers in their activities, providing for increased confidence and credibility throughout the process. Foresight recommendations are shaped and derived according to the nature and complexity of the themes being considered, the level of stakeholder participation and, quite frequently, the communication skills of those managing the process. Efforts towards better communication among participants are decisive for successful foresight exercises. This paper stresses that the intangibles are important outcomes, as well as the importance of promoting out-of-the-box thinking during the exercise. Lessons learnt are presented, as well as a case study developed by the Center for Strategic Management and Studies (CGEE), Brasília. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

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