Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine

Cleveland, OH, United States

Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine

Cleveland, OH, United States
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Li G.,Case Western Reserve University | Miskimen K.L.,Case Western Reserve University | Wang Z.,Case Western Reserve University | Xie X.Y.,Summa Health Barberton Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

Phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) is a biomarker and potential molecular target for hematologic malignancies. We have shown previously that lethal myeloproliferative disease (MPD) in mice mediated by persistently activated STAT5 (STAT5aS711F) requires the N-domain, but the mechanism was not defined. We now demonstrate by retrovirally complementing STAT5abnull/null primary mast cells that relative to wild-type STAT5a, STAT5a lacking the N-domain (STAT5aΔN) ineffectively protected against cytokine withdrawal-induced cell death. Both STAT5a and STAT5aΔN bound to a site in the bcl-2 gene and both bound near the microRNA 15b/16 cluster. However, only STAT5a could effectively induce bcl-2 mRNA and reciprocally suppress miR15b/16 leading to maintained bcl-2 protein levels. After retroviral complementation of STAT5abnull/null fetal liver cells and transplantation, persistently active STAT5aS711F lacking the N-domain (STAT5aΔNS711F) was insufficient to protect c-Kit+Lin-Sca-1+ (KLS) cells from apoptosis and unable to induce bcl-2 expression, whereas STAT5aS711F caused robust KLS cell expansion, induction of bcl-2, and lethal MPD. Severe attenuation of MPD by STAT5aΔNS711F was reversed by H2k/bcl-2 transgenic expression. Overall, these studies define N-domain-dependent survival signaling as an Achilles heel of persistentSTAT5 activation and highlight the potential therapeutic importance of targeting STAT5 N-domain-mediated regulation of bcl-2 family members. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology.

Marr R.A.,Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science | Thomas R.M.,Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine | Peterson D.A.,Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
Future Neurology | Year: 2010

Neurogenesis is the process by which new neural cells are generated from a small population of multipotent stem cells in the adult CNS. This natural generation of new cells is limited in its regenerative capabilities and also declines with age. The use of stem cells in the treatment of neurodegenerative disease may hold great potential; however, the age-related incidence of many CNS diseases coincides with reduced neurogenesis. This review concisely summarizes current knowledge related to adult neurogenesis and its alteration with aging and examines the feasibility of using stem cell and gene therapies to combat diseases of the CNS with advancing age. © 2010 Future Medicine Ltd.

Li G.,Case Western Reserve University | Li G.,Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine | Wang Z.,Case Western Reserve University | Wang Z.,Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Background: Grb2-associated binding (Gab) adapter proteins play major roles in coordinating signaling downstream of hematopoietic cytokine receptors. In hematopoietic cells, Gab2 can modulate phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase and mitogen associated protein kinase activities and regulate the long-term multilineage competitive repopulating activity of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Gab2 may also act in a linear pathway upstream or downstream of signal transducer and activator of transcription-5 (STAT5), a major positive regulator of HSC function. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether Gab2 and STAT5 function in hematopoiesis in a redundant or non-redundant manner. Methodology/Principal Findings: To do this we generated Gab2 mutant mice with heterozygous and homozygous deletions of STAT5. In heterozygous STAT5 mutant mice, deficiencies in HSC/multipotent progenitors were reflected by decreased long-term repopulating activity. This reduction in repopulation function was mirrored in the reduced growth response to early-acting cytokines from sorted double mutant c-Kit+Lin-Sca-1+ (KLS) cells. Importantly, in non-ablated newborn mice, the host steady-state engraftment ability was impaired by loss of Gab2 in heterozygous STAT5 mutant background. Fetal liver cells isolated from homozygous STAT5 mutant mice lacking Gab2 showed significant reduction in HSC number (KLS CD150+CD48-), reduced HSC survival, and dramatic loss of self-renewal potential as measured by serial transplantation. Conclusions/Significance: These data demonstrate new functions for Gab2 in hematopoiesis in a manner that is non-redundant with STAT5. Furthermore, important synergy between STAT5 and Gab2 was observed in HSC self-renewal, which might be exploited to optimize stem cell-based therapeutics. © 2010 Li et al.

Zheng L.L.,Zhejiang University | Wang F.Y.,Zhejiang University | Cong X.X.,Zhejiang University | Cong X.X.,Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2015

Precise modulation of histone gene transcription is critical for cell cycle progression. As a direct substrate of Cyclin E/CDK2, nuclear protein ataxia-telangiectasia (NPAT) is a crucial factor in regulating histone transcription and cell cycle progression. Here we identified that Cpn10/HSPE, a 10-kDa heat shock protein, is a novel interacting partner of NPAT. A pool of Cpn10 is colocalized with NPAT foci during G1 and S phases in nuclei. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments unraveled an essential role of Cpn10 in histone transcription.Aconserved DLFD motif within Cpn10 was critical for targeting NPAT and modulating histone transcription. More importantly, knockdown of Cpn10 disrupted the focus formation of both NPAT and FADD-like interleukin-1β-converting enzyme-associated huge protein without affecting Coilin-positive Cajal bodies. Finally, Cpn10 is important for S phase progression and cell proliferation. Taken together, our finding revealed a novel role of Cpn10 in the spatial regulation of NPAT signaling and disclosed a previously unappreciated link between the heat shock protein and histone transcription regulation. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Published in the U.S.A.

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