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Goyang, South Korea

Yun J.,Sungkyunkwan University | Kim S.J.,Sungkyunkwan University | Won J.H.,Soonchunhyang University | Choi C.W.,Korea University | And 6 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2010

Fourteen patients had primary ovarian lymphoma, while eighteen patients had secondary ovarian involvement. There was no significant difference in survival rates between primary and secondary involvement with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype. The 5-year overall survivals of primary and secondary involvement with DLBCL were 70.0% and 59.3%, respectively. The localized bilateral ovarian involvement showed poorer survival compared to stage III/IV patients with secondary ovarian involvement. Treatment outcomes of secondary ovarian involvement in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were comparable to those of primary ovarian involvement, suggesting that ovarian involvement does not necessarily predict a worse prognosis for NHL patients. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Han K.S.,Urologic | Choi H.J.,University of Ulsan | Jung D.C.,Center for Specific Organs Cancer | Park S.,National Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Radiology | Year: 2011

Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of conventional cystography for the detection of urine leakage at the vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) site after radical prostatectomy based on computed tomography (CT) cystography. Materials and methods: Patients who underwent radical prostatectomies at a single tertiary cancer centre were prospectively enrolled. Conventional cystography was routinely performed on postoperative day 7. Non-enhanced pelvic CT images were obtained after retrograde instillation of the same contrast material for a reference standard of urine leakage at the VUA site. Urine leakage was classified as follows: none; a plication abnormality; mild; moderate; and excessive. Results: One hundred and twenty consecutive patients were enrolled. Conventional cystography detected 14 urine leakages, but CT cystography detected 40 urine leakages, which consisted of 28 mild and 12 moderate urine leakages. When using CT cystography as the standard measurement, conventional cystography showed a diagnostic accuracy of 17.8% (5/28) for mild urine leakage and 75% (9/12) for moderate leakage. Of nine patients diagnosed with mild leakage on conventional cystography, four (44.4%) had complicated moderate urine leakages based on CT cystography, requiring prolonged catheterization. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of conventional cystography were 35, 100, 100, 75.4, and 78.3%, respectively. Conclusions: Conventional cystography is less accurate than CT cystography for diagnosing urine leakage at the VUA site after a radical prostatectomy. The present results suggest that CT cystography is a good choice for diagnostic imaging of urine leakage after radical prostatectomy. © 2010 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Mishra S.K.,Gachon University | Mishra S.K.,Dr Hari Singh Gour University | Kang J.-H.,National Cancer Center | Kang J.-H.,Chung - Ang University | And 5 more authors.
Molecules and Cells | Year: 2013

Midazolam is a widely used anesthetic of the benzodiazepine class that has shown cytotoxicity and apoptosisinducing activity in neuronal cells and lymphocytes. This study aims to evaluate the effect of midazolam on growth of K562 human leukemia cells and HT29 colon cancer cells. The in vivo effect of midazolam was investigated in BALB/c-nu mice bearing K562 and HT29 cells human tumor xenografts. The results show that midazolam decreased the viability of K562 and HT29 cells by inducing apoptosis and S phase cell-cycle arrest in a concentration-dependent manner. Midazolam activated caspase-9, capspase-3 and PARP indicating induction of the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. Midazolam lowered mitochondrial membrane potential and increased apoptotic DNA fragmentation. Midazolam showed reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity through inhibition of NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) enzyme activity in K562 cells. Midazolam caused inhibition of pERK1/2 signaling which led to inhibition of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-XL and XIAP and phosphorylation activation of the pro-apoptotic protein Bid. Midazolam inhibited growth of HT29 tumors in xenograft mice. Collectively our results demonstrate that midazolam caused growth inhibition of cancer cells via activation of the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway of apoptosis and inhibited HT29 tumor growth in xenograft mice. The mechanism underlying these effects of midazolam might be suppression of ROS production leading to modulation of apoptosis and growth regulatory proteins. These findings present possible clinical implications of midazolam as an anesthetic to relieve pain during in vivo anticancer drug delivery and to enhance anticancer efficacy through its ROS-scavenging and pro-apoptotic properties. © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology. All rights reserved. Source

Kim S.J.,Sungkyunkwan University | Yang D.-H.,Chonnam National University | Kim J.S.,Yonsei University | Kwak J.-Y.,Chonbuk National University | And 11 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2014

We conducted a phase II trial of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) followed by 2 cycles of l-asparaginase-containing chemotherapy for patients who were newly diagnosed with stages IE and IIE nasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL). CCRT consisted of 40–44 Gy of radiotherapy with weekly administration of 30 mg/m2 of cisplatin for 4 weeks. Two cycles of VIDL (etoposide (100 mg/m2), ifosfamide (1,200 mg/m2), and dexamethasone (40 mg) from days 1 to 3, and l-asparaginase (4,000 IU/m2) every other day from days 8 to 20) were administered sequentially. CCRT yielded a 90 % overall response rate without significant side effects in 30 patients, including 20 patients with complete response (CR); however, two patients showed distant disease progression. After CCRT, VIDL chemotherapy showed an 87 % final CR rate (26/30). Although grade III or IV hematologic toxicity was frequent during VIDL chemotherapy, no treatment-related mortality was observed, and l-asparaginase-associated toxicity was manageable. With a median follow-up of 44 months, 11 patients showed local (n = 4) and distant (n = 7) relapse or progression. The estimated 5-year progression-free and overall survival rates were 73 and 60 %, respectively. In conclusion, CCRT followed by l-asparaginase-containing chemotherapy is a feasible treatment for newly diagnosed stages IE/IIE nasal ENKTL. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Yoon M.,Proton Therapy | Shin D.H.,Proton Therapy | Kim J.,Samsung | Kim J.W.,Proton Therapy | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2011

Purpose: To evaluate the dosimetric benefits of advanced radiotherapy techniques for craniospinal irradiation in cancer in children. Methods and Materials: Craniospinal irradiation (CSI) using three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT), tomotherapy (TOMO), and proton beam treatment (PBT) in the scattering mode was planned for each of 10 patients at our institution. Dosimetric benefits and organ-specific radiation-induced cancer risks were based on comparisons of dose-volume histograms (DVHs) and on the application of organ equivalent doses (OEDs), respectively. Results: When we analyzed the organ-at-risk volumes that received 30%, 60%, and 90% of the prescribed dose (PD), we found that PBT was superior to TOMO and 3D-CRT. On average, the doses delivered by PBT to the esophagus, stomach, liver, lung, pancreas, and kidney were 19.4 Gy, 0.6 Gy, 0.3 Gy, 2.5 Gy, 0.2 Gy, and 2.2 Gy for the PD of 36 Gy, respectively, which were significantly lower than the doses delivered by TOMO (22.9 Gy, 4.5 Gy, 6.1 Gy, 4.0 Gy, 13.3 Gy, and 4.9 Gy, respectively) and 3D-CRT (34.6 Gy, 3.6 Gy, 8.0 Gy, 4.6 Gy, 22.9 Gy, and 4.3 Gy, respectively). Although the average doses delivered by PBT to the chest and abdomen were significantly lower than those of 3D-CRT or TOMO, these differences were reduced in the head-and-neck region. OED calculations showed that the risk of secondary cancers in organs such as the stomach, lungs, thyroid, and pancreas was much higher when 3D-CRT or TOMO was used than when PBT was used. Conclusions: Compared with photon techniques, PBT showed improvements in most dosimetric parameters for CSI patients, with lower OEDs to organs at risk. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

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