Center for Research in Womens Health

Toronto, Canada

Center for Research in Womens Health

Toronto, Canada

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Bolton K.L.,University of Cambridge | Bolton K.L.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | Tyrer J.,University of Cambridge | Song H.,University of Cambridge | And 114 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2010

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of death from gynecological malignancy in the developed world, accounting for 4% of the deaths from cancer in women. We performed a three-phase genome-wide association study of EOC survival in 8,951 individuals with EOC (cases) with available survival time data and a parallel association analysis of EOC susceptibility. Two SNPs at 19p13.11, rs8170 and rs2363956, showed evidence of association with survival (overall P = 5×10-4 and P = 6×10-4, respectively), but they did not replicate in phase 3. However, the same two SNPs demonstrated genome-wide significance for risk of serous EOC (P = 3×10-9 and P = 4×10-11, respectively). Expression analysis of candidate genes at this locus in ovarian tumors supported a role for the BRCA1-interacting gene C19orf62, also known as MERIT40, which contains rs8170, in EOC development. © 2010 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.


Permuth-Wey J.,University of South Florida | Kim D.,University of South Florida | Tsai Y.-Y.,University of South Florida | Lin H.-Y.,University of South Florida | And 41 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Defective microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis contributes to the development and progression of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). In this study, we examined the hypothesis that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in miRNA biogenesis genes may influence EOC risk. In an initial investigation, 318 SNPs in 18 genes were evaluated among 1,815 EOC cases and 1,900 controls, followed up by a replicative joint meta-analysis of data from an additional 2,172 cases and 3,052 controls. Of 23 SNPs from 9 genes associated with risk (empirical P < 0.05) in the initial investigation, the meta-analysis replicated 6 SNPs from the DROSHA, FMR1, LIN28, and LIN28B genes, including rs12194974 (G>A), an SNP in a putative transcription factor binding site in the LIN28B promoter region (summary OR = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.82-0.98; P = 0.015) which has been recently implicated in age of menarche and other phenotypes. Consistent with reports that LIN28B overexpression in EOC contributes to tumorigenesis by repressing tumor suppressor let-7 expression, we provide data from luciferase reporter assays and quantitative RT-PCR to suggest that the inverse association among rs12194974 A allele carriers may be because of reduced LIN28B expression. Our findings suggest that variants in LIN28B and possibly other miRNA biogenesis genes may influence EOC susceptibility. ©2011 AACR.


Coppola D.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | Nicosia S.V.,University of South Florida | Doty A.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | Sellers T.A.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2012

Background: Utility of immunohistochemistry (IHC) for mismatch repair (MMR) protein expression has been demonstrated in colorectal cancer but remains incompletely defined in ovarian cancer. We evaluated MMR protein expression in three population-based samples of epithelial ovarian cancers. Materials and Methods: IHC staining was performed on full-section (FS) or tissue microarray (TMA) slides for MLH1, MSH2, and MSH6 expression. Results: Out of 487 cases, 147 and 340 were performed through FS and TMA, respectively. Overall, Loss of Expression (LoE) of at least one MMR protein was observed in 12.7% based on an expression score of ≤3 (on a scale of 9). Notably, LoE was significantly higher in TMAs (17.9%) compared to FS cases (0.7%) (p<0.001). Conclusion: A substantial proportion of epithelial ovarian cancers have a loss of MMR protein expression. Protein expression results vary significantly by the tissue sampling methodology utilized, raising concerns about the clinical utility of this test for ovarian tumors.


Permuth-Wey J.,University of South Florida | Chen Z.,University of South Florida | Tsai Y.-Y.,University of South Florida | Lin H.-Y.,University of South Florida | And 32 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2011

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in microRNA-related genes have been associated with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk in two reports, yet associated alleles may be inconsistent across studies. Methods: We conducted a pooled analysis of previously identified SNPs by combining genotype data from 3,973 invasive EOC cases and 3,276 controls from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium. We also conducted imputation to obtain dense coverage of genes and comparable genotype data for all studies. In total, 226 SNPs within 15 kb of 4 miRNA biogenesis genes (DDX20, DROSHA, GEMIN4, and XPO5) and 23 SNPs located within putative miRNA binding sites of 6 genes (CAV1, COL18A1, E2F2, IL1R1, KRAS, and UGT2A3) were genotyped or imputed and analyzed in the entire dataset. Results: After adjustment for European ancestry, no overall association was observed between any of the analyzed SNPs and EOC risk. Conclusions: Commonvariants in these evaluated genesdonotseemto be strongly associatedwithEOCrisk. Impact: This analysis suggests earlier associations between EOC risk and SNPs in these genes may have been chance findings, possibly confounded by population admixture. To more adequately evaluate the relationship between genetic variants and cancer risk, large sample sizes are needed, adjustment for population stratification should be carried out, and use of imputed SNP data should be considered. ©2011 AACR.


Lee J.-H.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | Cragun D.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | Thompson Z.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | Coppola D.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2014

Objective: In epithelial ovarian cancer, concordance between results of microsatellite instability (MSI) and immunohistochemical (IHC) testing has not been demonstrated. This study evaluated the association of MSI-high (MSI-H) status with loss of expression (LoE) of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins on IHC and assessed for potential factors affecting the strength of the association. Methods: Tumor specimens from three population-based studies of epithelial ovarian cancer were stained for MMR proteins through manual or automated methods, and results were interpreted by one of two pathologists. Tumor and germline DNA was extracted and MSI testing performed. Multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to predict loss of IHC expression based on MSI status after adjusting for staining method and reading pathologist. Results: Of 834 cases, 564 (67.6%) were concordant; 41 were classified as MSI-H with LoE and 523 as microsatellite stable (MSS) with no LoE. Of the 270 discordant cases, 83 were MSI-H with no LoE and 187 were MSS with LoE. Both IHC staining method and reading pathologist were strongly associated with discordant results. Conclusions: Lack of concordance in the current study may be related to inconsistencies in IHC testing methods and interpretation. Results support the need for validation studies before routine screening of ovarian tumors is implemented in clinical practice for the purpose of identifying Lynch syndrome. © 2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Permuth-Wey J.,University of South Florida | Chen Y.A.,University of South Florida | Tsai Y.-Y.,University of South Florida | Chen Z.,University of South Florida | And 18 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2011

Background: Mitochondria contribute to oxidative stress, a phenomenon implicated in ovarian carcinogenesis. We hypothesized that inherited variants in mitochondrial-related genes influence epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) susceptibility. Methods: Through a multicenter study of 1,815 Caucasian EOC cases and 1,900 controls, we investigated associations between EOC risk and 128 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 22 genes/regions within the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) and 2,839 nuclear-encoded SNPs localized to 138 genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis (BIO, n = 35), steroid hormone metabolism (HOR, n = 13), and oxidative phosphorylation (OXP, n = 90) pathways. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate OR and 95% CI between genotype and case status. Overall significance of each gene and pathway was evaluated by using Fisher's method to combine SNP-level evidence. At the SNP level, we investigated whether lifetime ovulation, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and cigarette smoking were confounders or modifiers of associations. Results: Interindividual variation involving BIO was most strongly associated with EOC risk (empirical P = 0.050), especially for NRF1, MTERF, PPARGC1A, ESRRA, and CAMK2D. Several SNP-level associations strengthened after adjustment for nongenetic factors, particularly for MTERF. Statistical interactions with cigarette smoking and HRT use were observed with MTERF and CAMK2D SNPs, respectively. Overall variation within mtDNA, HOR, and OXP was not statistically significant (empirical P > 0.10). Conclusion: We provide novel evidence to suggest that variants in mitochondrial biogenesis genes may influence EOC susceptibility. Impact: A deeper understanding of the complex mechanisms implicated in mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative stress may aid in developing strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality from EOC. ©2011 AACR.

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