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Stadelmann D.,University of Bayreuth | Stadelmann D.,Center for Research in Economics | Torgler B.,Center for Research in Economics | Torgler B.,Queensland University of Technology | Torgler B.,EBS University for business and law
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Using a quasi-natural voting experiment encompassing a 160-year period (1848-2009) in Switzerland, we investigate whether a higher level of complexity leads to increased reliance on trusted parliamentary representatives. We find that when more referenda are held on the same day, constituents are more likely to refer to parliamentary recommendations when making their decisions. This finding holds true even when we narrow our focus to referenda with a relatively lower voter turnout on days on which more than one referendum is held. We also demonstrate that when constituents face a higher level of complexity, they follow the parliamentary recommendations rather than those of interest groups. "Viewed as a geometric figure, the ant's path is irregular, complex, hard to describe. But its complexity is really a complexity in the surface of the beach, not a complexity in the ant." ( [1 ] p. 51) © 2013 Stadelmann, Torgler.

Stadelmann D.,University of Bayreuth | Stadelmann D.,Center for Research in Economics | Billon S.,Aalto University
Papers in Regional Science | Year: 2015

Capitalization of fiscal packages is often considered as a pure demand side phenomenon. House price premiums in fiscally attractive communities may lead to housing supply reactions and capitalization may disappear in the long-run. However, if price differentials induced by fiscal variables do not lead to supply reactions, capitalization persists over time. Using an empirical linear interaction model, we analyse changes in capitalization of fiscal variables over time. Results indicate that capitalization of fiscal variables persists and capitalization rates do not change over time. © 2014 RSAI.

Frey R.L.,Center for Research in Economics
Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen | Year: 2011

Urban sprawl, although not desirable, cannot effectively be opposed by existing land use planning: the forest is one of the few barriers which can keep it in check. That is why it would be inappropriate at the present time to relax the ban on clearances and to change forest areas into building zones. The protagonists of a less restrictive forest policy argue that it is necessary to optimize the use of land which is becoming more and more scarce. However, this would only be justifiable if landscape development could be correctly controlled through market forces. This is not the case. External costs in the dimension of ten billions of francs a year in transport and building development have in fact the effect of a kind of subsidy on land use and thus encourage uncontrolled development.

Chan H.F.,Queensland University of Technology | Onder A.S.,University of Bayreuth | Torgler B.,Queensland University of Technology | Torgler B.,Center for Research in Economics
Scientometrics | Year: 2015

We investigate whether Nobel laureates’ collaborative activities undergo a negative change following prize reception by using publication records of 198 Nobel laureates and analyzing their coauthorship patterns before and after the Nobel Prize. The results overall indicate less collaboration with new coauthors post award than pre award. Nobel laureates are more loyal to collaborations that started before the Prize: looking at coauthorship drop-out rates, we find that these differ significantly between coauthorships that started before the Prize and coauthorships after the Prize. We also find that the greater the intensity of pre-award cooperation and the longer the period of pre-award collaboration, the higher the probability of staying in the coauthor network after the award, implying a higher loyalty to the Nobel laureate. © 2015 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary

Chan H.F.,Queensland University of Technology | Torgler B.,Queensland University of Technology | Torgler B.,EBS University for business and law | Torgler B.,Center for Research in Economics
Scientometrics | Year: 2015

Nobel laureates have achieved the highest recognition in academia, reaching the boundaries of human knowledge and understanding. Owing to past research, we have a good understanding of the career patterns behind their performance. Yet, we have only limited understanding of the factors driving their recognition with respect to major institutionalized scientific honours. We therefore look at the award life cycle achievements of the 1901–2000 Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine. The results show that Nobelists with a theoretical orientation achieved more awards than laureates with an empirical orientation. Moreover, it seems their educational background shapes their future recognition. Researchers educated in Great Britain and the US tend to attract more awards than other Nobelists, although there are career pattern differences. Among those, laureates educated at Cambridge or Harvard are more successful in Chemistry, those from Columbia and Cambridge excel in Physics, while Columbia educated laureates dominate in Physiology or Medicine. © 2014, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

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