Tnani H.,Center for Research in Agrigenomics UAB UB |
Garcia-Muniz N.,Center for Research in Agrigenomics UAB UB |
Vicient C.M.,Center for Research in Agrigenomics UAB UB |
Lopez-Ribera I.,Center for Research in Agrigenomics UAB UB
Journal of Plant Physiology | Year: 2012
The scutellum is a shield-shaped structure surrounding the embryo axis in grass species. The scutellar epithelium (Sep) is a monolayer of cells in contact with the endosperm. The Sep plays an important role during seed germination in the secretion of gibberellins and hydrolytic enzymes and in the transport of the hydrolized products to the growing embryo. We identified 30 genes predominantly expressed after imbibition in the Sep as compared to other parts of the scutellum. A high proportion of these genes is involved in metabolic processes. Some other identified genes are involved in the synthesis or modification of cell walls, which may be reflected in the changes of cell shape and cell wall composition that can be observed during imbibition. One of the genes encodes a proteinase that belongs to a proteinase family typical of carnivorous plants. Almost nothing is known about their role in other plants or organs, but the scutellar presence may point to a " digestive" function during germination. Genes involved in the production of energy and the transport of peptides were also identified. © 2012 Elsevier GmbH.