Beun S.,Catholic University of Louvain |
Beun S.,Center for Research and Engineering of Biomaterials |
Bailly C.,Catholic University of Louvain |
Bailly C.,Center for Research and Engineering of Biomaterials |
And 4 more authors.
Dental Materials | Year: 2012
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical and rheological properties of resin-based pit and fissure sealants to flowable resin composites in order to define clinical indications based on these properties. Methods: Eight flowable resin composites (Admira Flow, Filtek Supreme XT Flow, FlowLine, Grandio Flow, Point-4 Flowable, Premise Flowable, Revolution Formula 2, X-Flow) and four resin-based pit and fissure sealants (Clinpro, Delton FS +, Estiseal F, Guardian Seal) were used in this study. Their filler weight content was measured by thermogravimetric analysis. Mechanical properties were measured: dynamic and static moduli of elasticity, flexural strength and Vickers microhardness. Rheological measurements were performed using a dynamic oscillation rheometer. Results: Flowable resin composites have by far better mechanical properties than pit and fissure sealants, except for Delton FS +. All the materials tested are non-Newtonian, shear thinning fluids. They all showed elasticity even at the lowest frequencies but elasticity differs pretty much from one material to another. Significance:: Resin-based pit and fissure sealants seem appropriate for preventive pit and fissure sealing. For enlarged fissures, it can be assumed that flowable resin composites with low elasticity at low frequency are more appropriate. © 2011 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.