Van Looy B.,Center for R and nitoring |
Van Looy B.,Research Division INCENTIM |
Landoni P.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Callaert J.,Center for R and nitoring |
And 3 more authors.
Research Policy | Year: 2011
The phenomenon of entrepreneurial universities has received considerable attention over the last decades. An entrepreneurial orientation by academia might put regions and nations in an advantageous position in emerging knowledge-intensive fields of economic activity. At the same time, such entrepreneurial orientation requires reconciliation with the scientific missions of academia. Large-scale empirical research on antecedents of the entrepreneurial effectiveness of universities is scarce. This contribution examines the extent to which scientific productivity affect entrepreneurial effectiveness, taking into account the size of universities and the presence of disciplines, as well as the R&D intensity of the regional business environment (BERD). In addition, we assess the occurrence of trade-offs between different transfer mechanisms (contract research, patenting and spin off activity). The data used pertain to 105 European universities. Our findings reveal that scientific productivity is positively associated with entrepreneurial effectiveness. Trade-offs between transfer mechanisms do not reveal themselves; on the contrary, contract research and spin off activities tend to facilitate each other. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Zhang L.,Center for R and nitoring |
Zhang L.,Dalian University of Technology |
Janssens F.,Center for R and nitoring |
Janssens F.,Catholic University of Leuven |
And 4 more authors.
Scientometrics | Year: 2010
The objective of this study is to use a clustering algorithm based on journal cross-citation to validate and to improve the journal-based subject classification schemes. The cognitive structure based on the clustering is visualized by the journal cross-citation network and three kinds of representative journals in each cluster among the communication network have been detected and analyzed. As an existing reference system the 15-field subject classification by Glänzel and Schubert (Scientometrics 56:55-73, 2003) has been compared with the clustering structure. © 2010 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.
Magerman T.,Center for R and nitoring |
Magerman T.,Catholic University of Leuven |
van Looy B.,Center for R and nitoring |
van Looy B.,Catholic University of Leuven |
And 2 more authors.
Scientometrics | Year: 2010
In this study, we examine and validate the use of existing text mining techniques (based on the vector space model and latent semantic indexing) to detect similarities between patent documents and scientific publications. Clearly, experts involved in domain studies would benefit from techniques that allow similarity to be detected-and hence facilitate mapping, categorization and classification efforts. In addition, given current debates on the relevance and appropriateness of academic patenting, the ability to assess content-relatedness between sets of documents-in this case, patents and publications-might become relevant and useful. We list several options available to arrive at content based similarity measures. Different options of a vector space model and latent semantic indexing approach have been selected and applied to the publications and patents of a sample of academic inventors (n = 6). We also validated the outcomes by using independently obtained validation scores of human raters. While we conclude that text mining techniques can be valuable for detecting similarities between patents and publications, our findings also indicate that the various options available to arrive at similarity measures vary considerably in terms of accuracy: some generally accepted text mining options, like dimensionality reduction and LSA, do not yield the best results when working with smaller document sets. Implications and directions for further research are discussed. © 2009 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.